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Refai, M., and Z. El-Gothamy, " The use of nails and skin scrapings for the isolation of dermatophytes from soil. ", Ernst-Rodenwaldt-Archiv, vol. 2, , pp. 125-127 , 1975. the_use_of_nail.pdf
Refai, M., S. El-Gibaly, and A.: Adawi, "Initiation of a national brucellosis control program in Egypt.", Advances in Brucellosis Research. Edit. By L. Garry Adams., Texas., USA. , Texas A&M Univ. , 1990. initiation_of_natiopnal_brucellosis_control_program.pdf
Refai, M., " Microbial toxins, ", in Encyclopedia of Analytical Science. , London, Academic Press,, 1996. microbial_toxins.pdf
Refai, M., and H. Rieth, "Zur Identifizierung von Trichophyton mentagrophytes und Trichophyton rubrum auf Glukose- und Peptonloesung. ", Bull. Pharma. Res. Inst. Osaka, , vol. 54, issue 1, pp. 1-9, 1964. identtification_of_tr_and_tm.pdf
Refai, M., Abdel-Halim, R. M., Arab, and H.: Youssef, "Studies on oral candidosis in puppies.", Vet. Med. J. , vol. 34, , pp. 73-79, 1986. studies_on_oral_candidosis_in_puppies.pdf
Refai, M., El-Seedy, F., Karim, I., W. Awad, and H. Hammam, " Serodiagnostic tests for tuberculosis in experimentally infected guinea pigs using cross-absorbed sera or antigens or both. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 48, , pp. 565-574 , 1988. serodiag._tests_for_tb.pdf
Refai, M., H. Rieth, and W. Adam, " Nachweis pathogener Hefen in Lebensmitteln.", In Goetz, H. and Rieth, H. Humanpathogene Pilze im Tier und Pflanzenreich., Berlin , Grosse Verlag, , 1969. detection_of_pathogenic_yeasts_in_foods.pdf
Refai, M., and M. El-Enbaawy, "Germ tube bilding by Candida albicans in camel serum. ", Hautnah Mykol. , vol. 3, , pp. 166-167, 1991. germ_tube_formation_in_c._albicans_in_camel_serum.pdf
Refai, M., " Ueber die Dermatophytenflora in Nordaegypten. ", Mykosen , vol. 10,, pp. 61-62 (1967), 1967.
Refai, M., A. El-Aziz, Aziz, H. Hammad, and A. Hassan, " Influence of some physical and chemical treatment on the detoxification of ochratoxin A in different feedstuffs. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 55, , pp. 795-806 , 1995. influence_of_some_physical_and_chem.pdf
Refai, M., Soliman, S. Attia, and F.: El-Far, "Studies on haemagglutinins of Microsporum gypseum.", Mykosen , vol. 28, , pp. 85-89 , 1985. ha_in_gypseum.pdf
Refai, M., and R. Rohde, "Salmonella in reptiles in zoological gardens. ", Zbl. Vet.-Med. , vol. 16,, pp. 383-386, 1969. salmonella_in_reptiles.pdf
Refai, M., and R. Rohde, "Salmonella Infektion: Differenzierung von Salmonella Bakterien. ", Laborblaetter , vol. 25, , pp. 16-27 , 1975. salmonella__differentiation.pdf
Refai, M., and H. Hammam, "Tuberculosis in farm animals in Egypt.", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass., vol. 53, , pp. 581-607 , 1993. tuberculosis_in_farn_animals_review.pdf
Refai, M., A. El-Gohary, S. A. Attia, and R. A. Khalifa, ": Diagnosis of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infection in chickens by ELISA.", Egypt. J. Immunol. , vol. 12, , pp. 87-93, 2005. diagnosis_of_ort.pdf
Refai, M., M. Abd El Ghani, and A. I. Soliman, "Immune response of chickens to streptomycin-dependent mutant, Cu and oil-adjuvant vaccines of Pasteurella multocida.", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 45, , pp. 435-445 , 1985. immune_response.pdf
Refai, M., Kotb, H., El-Far, Hassan, E. Hegazi, and A. Hamouda, "Effect of antimicrobial agents on the growth of toxigenic Aspergillus ochraceus in poultry feedstuffs. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 55, , pp. 867-879 , 1985. effect_of_antimicrobial_agents.pdf
Refai, M., and I. Sadek, "studies_on_mould_contamination_of_different_foods_in_egypt_-", Mykosen , vol. 11,, pp. 529-530 , 1968. Abstractpilze_in_lebensmitteln__studies_on_mould_contamination_of_different_foods_in_egypt_-_refai_-_2009_-_mycoses_-_wiley_online_library.pdf

Zusammenfassung
Die Frage des Pilzvorkommens in Lebensmitteln ist aus versdiiedenen Griinden von Bedeutung. Pilze können den Verderb der Lebensmittel bewirken, sie können Toxine bil-den, die Krankheitserscheinungen verursachen, und es können Pilze sein, die auch im oder auf dem mensdilichen Körper wachsen. Die Untersuchung natürlich infizierter Lebensmittel ergab am häufigsten Penicillium. Ein Kudien enthielt Aspergillus niger, A. candi-dus, A. oryzae, A. flavipes, A. glaucus, Thamnidium und Mucor. Die experimentelle In-fektion verschiedener Lebensmittel gelang am besten mit A. niger und einer Penicillium-art. Untersuchungen auf breiter Basis sind notwendig.

Resumen
El problema del hallazgo de hongos en los alimentos es por mudias razones de gran importancia. Hongos pueden provocar la descomposicion de los alimentos, producir toxinas que causan enfermedades, y ademas puede tratarse de hongos capaces de proli-ferar sobre o en el cuerpo humano.

La investigatión de alimentos infectados en forma natural demostró Penicillium como agente causal mas frecuente. Una torta contenía: Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus candidus, Aspergillus oryzae, Aspergillus flavipes, Aspergillus glaucus, Thamnidium y Mucor.

La infección experimental de diversos alimentos se logró especialmente con Aspergillus niger y una especie de Penicillium. Es necesario realizar investigaciones en gran escala.

Refai, M., " Mykologische Untersuchungen von Mumien. ", Hautnah. Dermat., vol. 3, , pp. 86-87, 1990. mycological_examination_of_mummies.pdf
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