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H
Hammam, H., Refai, M., W. Bisping, and G.: Kirpal, "Studies on the effieciency of absorbed bovine PPD in tuberculin and serological tests.", J. Vet. Med. B. , vol. 36, , pp. 175-179 , 1989. studies_on_the_efficiency_of_absorbed_bovine_ppd.pdf
Harby, H., J. El-Jakee, and M. Refai, "The aetiology and diagnosis of mastitis in Oman. J. Egypt. ", Vet. Med. Ass., vol. 51, , pp. 783-795 , 1991. the_aetiology_of_mastitis_in_oman.pdf
Hatem, M.E., Cacciapuoti, B., Pinto, A., H. Youssef, and M.: Refai, "Studies on the identification of leptospiral isolates recovered from kidneys of dogs and pigs in Egypt.", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 45, , pp. 239-246 , 1985.
Hatem, M.E., Cacciapuoti, B., Pinto, A., H. Youssef, and M.: Refai, "Studies on the identification of leptospiral isolates recovered from kidneys of dogs and pigs in Egypt. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 45, , pp. 239-246 , 1985. studies_on_the_identification_of_leptospira.pdf
Heba Roshdy*, S. A. E. - A. * and, and M. Refai, "Incidence of E. coli in chickens and ducks in different governorates in Egypt ", 1st Conf. of An. Health Res. Inst. Assoc., , vol. December, issue 1, pp. 420-426, 2012. incidence_of_e_coli_in_poultry.pdf
Heidy Abo El-Yazeed, A. Hassan, W. Tawakkol, E. Radwan, and " M. Refai:, "Characterization of Candida albicans strains by molecular biology techniques",", Bull. Fac. Pharm. Cairo Univ. , , vol. 40, pp. . 121-135, 2008. characterization_of_candida_albicans_strains_by_molecular_______biology_techniques.doc.pdf
Heidy Abo Elyazeed*, Amany Elsayed, S. Marouf, and M. Refai, "TYPING OF CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS ISOLATES RECOVERED FROM NECROTIC ENTERITIS IN TURKEYS IN EGYPT BY MULTIPLEX PCR", International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences (IJRSB) , vol. 3, issue 8,, pp. PP 1-6, 2015. typing_of_clostridium_perfringens_isolates_recovered_from_turkeys_published.pdf
I
K
K., R. M., M. El Hariri, and R. Alaroussy, "Cryptococcosis in Animals and Birds: A Review", European Journal of Academic Essays , vol. 4, issue 8, pp. 202-223, 2017. cryptococcosis_review__published.pdf
Ka-oud, H., M. Abdel-Halim, and M. Refai, " Evaluation of the antifungal activity of enilconazole against pathogenic fungi. ", Vet. Med. J. Giza , vol. 38, , pp. 337-349 , 1990. evaluation_of_the_antifungal_activity_of_enilconazole.pdf
Kamel, M.M., Balata, M.A., El-Naggar, A., Ibrahim, Metias, K.N., M. Refai, and M. A. Abd El Aziz, "Studies on immune response of pregnant ewes to different E.coli K99 vaccines. ", Proc. 5th Sci. Vet.Med.Conf. Zagazig Univ , vol. 1, pp. 26-31, 2000. studies_on_the_immune_resp._of_preg._ewes.pdf
Kamel, M.M., M. Refai, and A. Loot, " Studies on the toxins of A. niger isolated from meat. ", Castellania , vol. 4, , pp. 159-161 , 1976. aspergillus_niger_toxins.pdf
Khedr, A., Omar, H., Soliman, Metwalli, M., Ebiary, E., J. El-Jakkee, and M. Refai, " Protective efficacy of plasmid DNA vaccine coding omph gene of Pasteurella multocida. ", Proc. 2d Intern. Conf. Vet. Res. Div. NRC, Cairo, Egypt , vol. 1, pp. 97-118., 2005. protective_efficiency_of_plasmid_DNA_vacc.pdf
Kotb, H., M. Refai, and F. El-Far, "Occurrence and significance of moulds and yeasts isolated from wild rats in Egypt. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass., vol. 48, , pp. 243-253 , 1988. occurrence_and_significanve_of_moulds_in_rats.pdf
L
Lieske, K., C. Lieske, and M.: Refai, "Resistenzbestimmungen in der Mykologie. ", GIT-Suppl., vol. 3, , pp. 41-43 , 1983. determination_of_resistance_in_mycology.pdf
M
M. El-Hariri, W. Tawakkol, H. A. El-Yazid, and M. Refai, "Molecular studies on the rDNA ITS and ISSR regions for identification of Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans and Microsporum canis using universal primers", 44. Scientific meeting of the German Mycological Society and Austrian Society for Medical Mycology, Vienna, Austria, 9-11 September, 2010, 2010. molecular_studies_on_rdna_of_cr.n_c.a_and_m.pdf
M. El-Hariri, H. Shawky, N. Ezz-Eldin, W. Tawakkol, M. Kotb, and M. Refai, "Typing of Cryptococcus neoformans isolates recovered from droppings of pigeons, parrots and canaries.", Vet.Med.J.Giza. , vol. 55 , pp. 411-423., 2007. typing_of_c.n..pdf
Maha M. El-kest1, Mahmoud El- Hariri2, N. I. M. Khafaga, and M. K. Refai, "Studies on contamination of dairy products by aflatoxin M1 and its control by probiotics", . Journal of Global Biosciences , vol. 4, issue 1, pp. . 1294-1312, 2015. maha_finally_the_published_paper.pdf
Mahmoud, Youssef, S. A., Y. Gawad, and M. Refai, " Study of mycoflora of the lower respiratory tract.", Egypt. J. Chest Dis.&Tub., vol. 24, , pp. 19-27 , 1981. the_search_for_fungi_inpleural_effusion.pdf
Merdan, A., M. Refai, and F. Allam, "A study of the fungi associated with the house fly, Musca domestica L. and allied spp. In Cairo ", Ernst-Rodenwaldt-Archiv , vol. 2, pp. 49-54 , 1974. fungi_associated_with_musca_domestica.pdf
Moursi, H., and M. Refai, "The effect of hormones on some fungi in vitro. Mykosen", Mykosen, vol. 11, pp. 1747-754 , 1968. Abstracteffect_of_hormones_on_fungi.pdf

1
Die Wirkung von Sexualhormonen (Stilböstrol, Östron, Äthinylöstradiol, Progesteron, Testosteronpropionat), Epiphysenhormonen, Schilddrüsenhormonen und Nebennieren-rindenhormonen auf das Wachstum von Candida albicans, Mikrosporum gypseum und Aspergillus niger wurde in vitro untersucht.
2
Stilböstrol stimulierte in kleinen Dosen (0,001 mg/ml) das Wachstum von Candida albicans und Mikrosporum gypseum, während es in höheren Dosen (6 mg/ml) eine fungizide Wirkung aufwies. Eine Hemmwirkung wurde beobachtet bei 0,25 bis 3 mg/ml auf Candida albicans, von 0,01 bis 3 mg/ml auf Mikrosporum gypseum und von 0,01 bis 6 mg/ml auf Aspergillus niger.
In kleinen Dosen (0,001 bis 0,01 mg/ml) förderte Östron das Wachstum von A. niger, ebenso wie Äthinylöstradiol das Wachstum von M. gypseum und A. niger. Progesteron hatte keine Wirkung auf das Wachstum von C. albicans von 0,05 bis 6 mg/ml, aber es förderte das Wachstum von M. gypseum und A. niger in Dosen von 0,05 bis 0,5 mg/ml und 0,5 bis 1 mg/ml. Eine Hemmwirkung auf M. gypseum wurde bei hohen Dosen von 1 bis 6 mg/ml beobachtet, auf A. niger in Dosen von 3 bis 6 mg/ml.

Testosteronpropionat förderte das Wachstum von C. albicans in Dosen von 0,05 bis 6 mg/ml, M. gypseum in Dosen von 3 bis 6 mg/ml, A. niger in Dosen von 1 bis 6 mg/ml.

3
Epiphysenvorderlappenextrakt hemmte die Testpilze in Dosen zwischen 0,05 bis 0,3 E/ml. Fungizid wirkten 0,3 E/ml auf A. niger.
4
Schilddrüsenhormon förderte das Wachstum der Testpilze in Dosen von 6 und 12 mg/ml.
5
17α-hydroxy-11-dehydro-corticosteronacetat förderte das Wachstum von A. niger in Dosen von 0,005 bis 5 mg/ml und hemmte das Wachstum von C. albicans in Dosen von 0,2 bis 5 mg/ml. 5 mg/ml zeigten eine fungizide Wirkung auf M. gypseum.

Moussa, I. M., Y. S. Aleslamboly, A. A. Al-Arfaj, A. M. Hessain, A. Gouda, and M. K. Refai, "Molecular characterization of Salmonella virulence genes isolated from different sources relevant to human health", Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment , vol. Vol.11, issue (2):, pp. 197-201. , 2013. yosrsa_1.pdf
N
Nabil, G., N. I. M. Khafaga, M. El-Hariri, and M. K. and Refai, "Detection of fungi and total aflatoxins in food additives and some meat products by serological and molecular biological methods.", J Egypt Vet. Med. Ass., vol. 177, issue 2, pp. 153-173, 2017. bhth_jhd_nbyl.pdf
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