Co-targeting of endothelin- and vitamin D receptors: a novel strategy to ameliorate cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.

Abdel Moneim, L. M., M. W. Helmy, and H. S. El-Abhar, "Co-targeting of endothelin- and vitamin D receptors: a novel strategy to ameliorate cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.", Pharmacological reports : PR, vol. 71, issue 5, pp. 917-925, 2019 Sep.


BACKGROUND: Although modulation of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and endothelin- receptor (ETR) has previously been reported to offer renoprotection against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity, the possible interaction between the ET-1 and vitamin D pathways remains obscure. Therefore, the present study addressed the possible interaction between these signalling pathways using BQ-123 (a selective ETR blocker) and alfacalcidol (a vitamin D3 analogue) separately or in combination.

METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the following groups: control (DMSO orally), cisplatin (single dose of 6mg/kg ip; nephrotoxicity model), cisplatin + BQ-123 (1 mg/kg BQ-123 ip 1 h before and 1 day after cisplatin), cisplatin + alfacalcidol (50 ng/kg alfacalcidol orally 5 days before and 14 days after cisplatin), and cisplatin + BQ-123+alfacalcidol. Nephrotoxicity was evaluated 96 h and 14 days following cisplatin administration.

RESULTS: Both BQ-123 and alfacalcidol counteracted cisplatin-induced nephrotoxic changes. Specifically, they reduced serum creatinine and urea levels; renal tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-ct), transforming growth factor-betal (TGF-pl), and phosphorylated nuclear factor-kappa B (pNF-KB) content; and caspase-3 activity. They downregulated ET-1 and ETR expression and ameliorated cisplatin-induced acute tubular necrosis. In addition, the treatments have increased VDR and endothelin- receptor (ETR) expression; however, BQ-123 did not affect ETR. The effect of the combination regimen surpassed that of each drug alone.

CONCLUSION: These findings highlight the potential cross-talk between vitamin D and ET-1 pathways and pave the way for future preclinical/clinical studies to explore further mechanisms involved in this crosstalk.