Calorimetric and dielectric study of the segmented biodegradable poly(ester-urethane)s based on bacterial poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate]

Saad, G. R., "Calorimetric and dielectric study of the segmented biodegradable poly(ester-urethane)s based on bacterial poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate]", Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, vol. 202, issue 18, pp. 387 - 396, 2001.


Two series of segmented poly(ester-urethane)s were synthesized from bacterial poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate]-diol (PHB-diol), as hard segments, and either poly(ε-caprolactone)-diol (PCL-diol) or poly(butylene adipate)-diol (PBA-diol), as soft segments, using 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate as a chain extender. The hard-segment content varied from 0 to 50 wt.-%. These materials were characterized using 1H NMR spectroscopy and GPC. The polymers obtained were investigated calorimetrically and dielectrically. DSC showed that the Tg of either the PCL or PBA soft segments are shifted to higher temperatures with increasing PHB hard-segment content, revealing that either the PCL or PBA are mixed with small amounts of PHB in the amorphous domains. The results showed that the crystallization of soft or hard segments was physically constrained by the micro-structure of the other crystalline phase, which results in a decrease in the degree of crystallinity of either the soft or hard segments upon increase of the other component. The dielectric spectra of poly(ester-urethane)s, based on PCL and PHB, showed two primary relaxation processes, designated as αs and αH, which correspond to glass-rubber transitions of PCL soft and PHB hard segments, respectively. Whereas in the case of other poly(ester-urethane)s, derived from PBA and PHB, only one relaxation process was observed, which broadens and shifts to higher temperature with increasing PHB hard-segment content. It was concluded from these results that our investigated materials exhibit micro-phase separation of the hard and soft segment in the amorphous domains.


Export Date: 6 March 2019

Related External Link