EFFECTS OF TIME OF DAY ON CHLORPYRIFOS-INDUCED ALTERATIONS IN BODY TEMPERATURE DAYTIME VERSUS NIGHTIME

Citation:
Kuperberg, J. M., K. F. A. Soliman, F. K. R. Stino, and M. G. Kolta, EFFECTS OF TIME OF DAY ON CHLORPYRIFOS-INDUCED ALTERATIONS IN BODY TEMPERATURE DAYTIME VERSUS NIGHTIME, , Submitted.

Abstract:

One hundred and sixty weaned New-Zealand White rabbits (NZW) at 5 weeks of age weighting about 653 g on the average were used in this study. The animals were randomly divided into eight groups, twenty animals/each. The first group received basal diet and served as control group, while groups 2,3,4 received diet supplemented with sodium gluconate(SG), mannan oligosaccharide(MOS) or potassium diformate(KDF) 4g/kg diet,1g/kg diet and 4.5g/kg diet respectively. Whereas, Rabbits of group 5, 6, 7 and 8 received diet with supplemented a combination of (SG+MOS), (SG+KDF), (KDF+MOS) and (SG+MOS+KDF) respectively with the same previous dose for each compound to study role of these additives on growth performance, blood picture (hematocrit and hemoglobin) liver and kidney functions, cecum parameters (total anaerobic bacteria, E.coli, lactobacilli, pH, ammonia nitrogen concentration and total volatile fatty acids).
The results showed that, role of these additives has a significant effect that lead to increasing of Hb, albumin and total volatile fatty acids compared to the control groups. No significant effect on hematocrit value, total protein and globulin. Supplementation of SG, MOS or PDF (separately or in a mixture) tended to increase lactic acid bacteria and total volatile fatty acids (VFAs) concentration in the caecum also lead to decrease significantly each of pathogenic microorganisms (total anaerobic bacteria and E.Coli, cecum pH and ammonia concentration which improve cecum environment that minimize disturbance and enteritis.

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