Root resorption associated with maxillary buccal segment intrusion using variable force magnitudes.

Citation:
Akl, H. E., A. R. El-Beialy, M. Abd El-Ghafour, A. M. Abouelezz, and F. A. El Sharaby, "Root resorption associated with maxillary buccal segment intrusion using variable force magnitudes.", The Angle orthodontist, vol. 91, issue 6, pp. 733-742, 2021.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: To compare the root resorption resulting from miniscrew-supported maxillary posterior dentoalveolar intrusion using two different force magnitudes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult patients with skeletal open bite, indicated for maxillary posterior dentoalveolar intrusion, were recruited and randomly assigned to the comparison or intervention groups. The comparison group involved applying 200 g of intrusive force per segment, which measured 20 g per root, while this force was 400 g per segment in the intervention group, measuring 40 g per root.

RESULTS: Twenty participants were included in the final analysis after 2 patients dropped out, 1 in each group, to end up with 10 subjects (200 roots) per group. There was statistically significant root resorption of 0.84 ± 0.96 mm and 0.93 ± 1.00 mm in the comparison and the intervention groups, respectively. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Root resorption inevitably took place in association with orthodontic intrusion. However, increasing the magnitude of the intrusive force did not increase the amount of root resorption, either statistically or clinically.

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