Publications

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A
Abdel-Moniem, M. E., A. M. A. Edin, A. Y. El-Rahman, and F. Elnady, "Changes in the topography of liver of one humped camel during the prenatal life", Assiut Vet. Med. J. , 2000.
Abdel-Moniem, M. E., A. M. A. Edin, A. Y. El-Rahman, and F. Elnady, "Changes in the topography of liver of one humped camel during the prenatal life", The XV international symposium on Morphological sciences. , Kyoto, Japan, 18-21 September, 2000.
E
El-Ayat, M. A., Y. R. Wally, F. A. Elnady, and S. H. El-Bably, "Anatomical studies on the venous drainage of the intestinal tract of the donkey (Equus Asinus). ", Kafr elsheikh Vet. Med. J., vol. 6 , issue 1, pp. 164-185, 2008.
Elnady, F. A., and B. J. Smith, "Computer assisted educational program for Anatomy of the goat (abdomen and pelvis).", 14th Annual Virginia Tech Research Symposium., Virginia polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia., 8 April, 1998.
Elnady, F., "Comparative osteology of Domestic animals, using virtual reality (Part I thoracic limbs). ", The Egyptian Anatomical Society. The twenty-third annual scientific conference, Cairo- Egypt, November 1999.
Elnady, F. A., "The Electronic Atlas of Equine Anatomy (EAEA)", The Egyptian Anatomical Society. The twenty-fifth annual scientific conference, Cairo- Egypt, November, 2001.
Elnady, F., and M. C. Sora, "Anatomical Exploration of a dicephalous goat kid using sheet plastination (E12).", Congenital Anomalies, vol. 49, issue 2, pp. 66-70, 2009.
Elnady, F., "The Electronic Atlas of Veterinary Comparative Anatomy; Osteology and Splanchnology.", Vet. Med. J., vol. 50, issue 4, pp. 523-531, 2002.
Elnady, F., "Normal endo-tracheobronchial anatomy using flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (fob) in the dog.", The twenty-seventh annual scientific conference, December, 2003.
Elnady, F. A., "The Elnady Technique: An innovative, new method for tissue preservation.", ALTEX, 2016 Jan 29. Abstract

At the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, there is an increasing number of students but a limited availability of animal cadavers used for dissection, and student exposure to formalin is a known hazard. In order to address these challenges, a new method for tissue preservation was developed, the "Elnady Technique." This method is a modified form of plastination, where the chemicals used are not patented, are inexpensive and locally available, and the process is performed at room temperature. The produced specimens are realistic, durable, have no offensive odor, and are dry, soft and flexible. They can be used to replace the use of animals killed for teaching basic anatomy, embryology, pathology, parasitology and forensic medicine. They have great potential to support training in clinical skills and surgery, including for clinical examination, endoscopy, surgical sutures, and obstetrics simulation.

Elnady, F. A., and B. J. Smith, "Using virtual reality in teaching veterinary anatomy: selected three-dimensional models of the goat.", Tenth Annual Research Symposium., 3-4 June, 1998.
Elnady, F., B. J. Smith, and E. E. M. Gindy, "Application of virtual reality in teaching veterinary anatomy: Some examples of 3-dimensional anatomical object.", Annual meeting of the American Association of Veterinary Anatomists, Blacksburg, Virginia, 22-24 July, 1998.
Elnady, F., and A. E. B. Aly, "Plastination in teaching veterinary anatomy", Twenty-seventh Scientific Conference of The Egyptian Anatomical Society, Egypt, 2003.
Elnady, F., "Gross anatomical study of the articulation genus (stifle joint) of the rabbit.", Vet. Med. J., Giza. , vol. 52, issue 2, pp. 289-300, 2004.
Elnady, F. A., and B. J. Smith, "Computer assisted educational program for anatomy of the goat (Abdomen and pelvis)", the annual meeting of American Association of Veterinary Anatomists, Kansas State Univ., Manhatten, Kansas, 19 July , 1997.
Elnady, F., "Multimedia and plastinated anatomy", Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC) meeting Education Symposium , Washington D.C., USA, 9-10 March, 2006.
Elnady, F. A., and B. J. Smith, "Interactive computer program on the cross-sectional and CT anatomy of the goat abdomen.", Annual meeting of the American Association of Veterinary Anatomists, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia., 22-24 July, 1998.
Elnady, F., "Anatomy of the viscera of the one humped camel (Camelus dromedaries) in a multimedia interactive computer program.", 6th world Congress on alternatives and animal use in the life sciences , Tokyo, Japan, 2007.
Elnady, F., and M. A. Elnady, "A multimedia computer program for teaching endobronchial anatomy during flexible fiber-optic bronchoscopy in man and dog. ", The twenty-seventh annual scientific conference, 2003.
Elnady, F. A., E. Sheta, A. K. Khalifa, and H. Rizk, "Training of upper respiratory endoscopy in the horse using preserved head and neck.", ALTEX, vol. 32, issue 4, pp. 384-7, 2015. Abstract

Endoscopy of the upper respiratory tract (URT) is one of the minimally invasive techniques used for diagnosis and treatment of diseases in horses. Training in the use of an endoscope follows an apprenticeship approach, with extensive practice needed to help achieve effective skills acquisition. The use of live animals for training presents the risk of injury to both the animal and the trainee. The increased number of students and practitioners, a shortage of facilities, and limited time available from expert clinicians add more challenges to the training process. In this work, we focused on the development of a preserved head and neck model that can be used as an effective training tool for training novices on the basics of upper respiratory endoscopy. The aim of the training is to become familiar with handling the endoscope and identification of the endoscopic depictions of normal anatomical structures encountered in the upper respiratory tract. Using the model, anatomical structures were clearly visible, recognized by their shape, architecture and topographical location. The model solved many of the aforementioned practical challenges, and has great potential as a replacement alternative to the use of live animals. There are opportunities for the application of such models intraining other clinical skills and for a variety of species.

Elnahas, A., F. Elnady, M. S. Fadel, and J. G. Ferguson, "Ultrasonographical examination of the liver of one humped camels (Camelus dromedarius). ", Kafr Elsheikh Vet. Med. J., 2008.
F
Farag, F., and F. Elnady, "Macroanatomic investigation of the arterial and venous blood supply of the external ear in rabbits.", Journal of the Egyptian Veterinary Medical Association, 2003.
K
Karam, Z. M., and F. Elnady, "Perineural anaesthesia of the head of camel (Camelus Dromedaries)", The twenty eight Egyptian Anatomical Society scientific conference, February, 2004.
M
M.Karam, Z., and F. Elnady, "Perineural anaesthesia of the head of camel (Camelus Dromedaries)", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Assoc. , vol. 64, issue 4, pp. 409- 420, 2004.
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