Design and synthesis of some barbituric and 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid derivatives: A non-classical scaffold for potential PARP1 inhibitors.

Citation:
Osman, E. E. A., N. S. Hanafy, R. F. George, and S. M. El-Moghazy, "Design and synthesis of some barbituric and 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid derivatives: A non-classical scaffold for potential PARP1 inhibitors.", Bioorganic chemistry, vol. 104, pp. 104198, 2020.

Abstract:

Six series based on barbituric acid 5a-e, 10a-d; thiobarbituric acid 6a-e, 11a-d and 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid 7a-e, 12a-d were prepared and screened for their in vitro PARP1 inhibition. They revealed promising inhibition at nanomolar level especially compounds 5c, 7b, 7d and 7e (IC = 30.51, 41.60, 41.53 and 36.33 nM) with higher potency than olaparib (IC = 43.59 nM). Moreover, compounds 5b, 5d, 7a, 12a and 12c exhibited good comparable activity (IC = 65.93, 58.90, 66.57, 45.40 and 50.62 nM, respectively). Furthermore, the most active compounds 5c, 7b, 7d, 7e, 12a and 12c against PARP1 in vitro were evaluated in the BRCA1 mutated triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-436 where 5c and 12c showed higher potency compared to olaparib and result in cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. 5c and 12c showed apoptotic effects in MDA-MB-436 and potentiated the cytotoxicity of temozolomide in A549 human lung epithelial cancer cell line. Compounds 5c and 12c represent interesting starting points towards PARP1 inhibitors.