Prevalence of sexual dysfunction in infertile versus fertile couples.

Gabr, A. A., E. F. omran, A. A. Abdallah, M. M. Kotb, E. Z. Farid, A. S. Dieb, and D. S. Belal, "Prevalence of sexual dysfunction in infertile versus fertile couples.", European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology, vol. 217, pp. 38-43, 2017 Oct.


OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that sexual dysfunction is higher in infertile females in relation to normal healthy women through comparing total and sexual domains scores in both groups. The secondary objectives were: to determine factors affecting occurrence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in all sample and to determine factors affecting the different sexual domain scores within the infertile group.

STUDY DESIGN: This cross sectional study was done at Cairo University Hospital. 200 infertile and 200 control females were evaluated using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire. Total score less than 26.55 signified sexual dysfunction. Husbands were evaluated by Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) questionnaire. A score less than 22 signified erectile dysfunction (ED).

RESULTS: Proportion of females with sexual dysfunction was higher in the infertile versus control group (47% versus 30%, 95%CI for the difference: 8%, 26%, p-value:<0.001). Total, orgasm, satisfaction and pain scores were significantly lower in infertile versus control group (mean±SD: 26.8±3.8 versus 27.9±3.5, p-value: 0.003; 4.2±0.7 versus 4.6±0.6, p-value: 0.01; 4.9±0.5 versus 5.2±0.5, p-value: 0.004 and 3.9±0.9 versus 4.4±0.7, p-value:<0.001 respectively). Husband SHIM erectile score was significantly lower in the infertile group (median score (range): 19 (5, 25) versus 22 (12, 25), p-value: 0.001). After adjustment for 15factors by logistic regression, the odds ratio of having FSD was 2.6 (95%CI: 1.5, 4.5, p-value: 0.001) in the infertile relative to control females. Secondary (versus primary) infertility was negatively correlated with arousal score (B (95%CI): -0.6 (-0.02, -1.2), p-value: 0.003) while duration of infertility was negatively correlated with arousal, satisfaction and pain domains scores (B (95%CI): -0.2 (-0.08, -0.32), p-value: 0.04; -0.2 (-0.1, -0.3), p-value: 0.005; -0.2 (-0.06, -0.34), p-value: 0.03 respectively).

CONCLUSION: sexual dysfunction is more prevalent in infertile versus control group. Infertility clinicians should be aware of this problem to assess and treat their patients to improve their quality of life.