Nuclear and cytoplasmic features in the diagnosis of Clark's nevi.

Valdebran, M., J. Bandino, A. Elbendary, A. A. Gad, K. C. Arudra, S. de Feraudy, and D. M. Elston, "Nuclear and cytoplasmic features in the diagnosis of Clark's nevi.", Journal of cutaneous pathology, vol. 45, issue 3, pp. 204-207, 2018 Mar.


BACKGROUND: Interpretation of Clark's nevi has generated debate over the years; although criteria have been proposed for grading morphological features of melanocytes, there is still confusion and variability in the assessment of these lesions.

METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study conducted on 100 Clark's nevi and 84 melanomas. A single expert dermatopathologist evaluated all blinded and randomized photomicrographs of both the Clark's nevi and melanomas for the presence of 14 cytologic features. Subsequently, a multivariate model was used to obtain sensitivity and specificity.

RESULTS: Clark's nevi showed a significantly higher frequency of absent-or-inconspicuous nucleoli over melanoma, whereas mitotic figures, pleomorphism, notching, multiple nucleoli, peppered moth nuclear pattern, flattened adjacent nuclei, prominent nucleoli and vesicular nucleus with rounded nucleoli were found significantly higher in frequency in melanomas.

CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that nuclear alterations are of value in the differentiation of atypical nevi from melanoma.