ANAEROBIC UP FLOW FLUIDIZED BED REACTOR PERFORMANCE AS A PRIMARY TREATMENT UNIT IN DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT

Citation:
ABDELHALIM, H. S., M. A. Moharram, and E. H. ROZAIK, ANAEROBIC UP FLOW FLUIDIZED BED REACTOR PERFORMANCE AS A PRIMARY TREATMENT UNIT IN DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT, , 2014.

Abstract:

ABSTRACT

The fluidized bed UASB performance was studied in this experiment as a primary unit the anaerobic unit the advantage of better generated sludge characteristics and smaller tank volume.
The reactor performance was investigated for the treatment of domestic wastewater with unexpected industrial water flows at different operational temperatures (14-25°C) and loading rates. For each temperature range the reactor performance was studied under different hydraulic loadings HRT (6, 4, 2.5 hours).
The best methane yield rate and COD total removal rate are 0.285 l/ g COD total and 70.82 % respectively at warm working temperature 19°C with OLR 7.76 Kg COD /m3/day and HRT 6h.
On the low temperature operation, the average COD removal of the reactor was 55.28 % and 50.33 % for HRT of 4 hours and 2.5 hours respectively. The methane production dropped to 0.1623 & 0.0988 L CH4 / g COD with average organic loading rate of 5.34 & 10 Kg COD /m3/day for HRT of 4 hours and 2.5 hours respectively.
The efficiencies of Total nitrogen removal ranged between (2.23-10.83) % with an apparent decrease during the low temperature high rate stages .Nitrite removal were in the range of (23.08 -77) % with up to the 2 mg/L in the effluent water when obtaining high organic loading and warm temperature. These results demonstrated that the domestic wastewater could be anaerobically treated in a fluidized bed UASB reactor with very low HRT reaching 2 .5 hours.

Keywords
Anaerobic wastewater treatment; anaerobic fluidized bed reactors; biogas production; up flow anaerobic sludge bed reactor UASB.

ABSTRACT

 

The fluidized bed UASB performance was studied in this experiment as a primary unit the anaerobic unit the advantage of better generated sludge characteristics and smaller tank volume.

The reactor performance was investigated for the treatment of domestic wastewater with unexpected industrial water flows at different operational temperatures (14-25°C) and loading rates. For each temperature range the reactor performance was studied under different hydraulic loadings HRT (6, 4, 2.5 hours).

The best methane yield rate and COD total removal rate are 0.285 l/ g COD total and 70.82 % respectively at warm working temperature 19°C with OLR 7.76 Kg COD /m3/day and HRT 6h.

On the low temperature operation, the average COD removal of the reactor was 55.28 % and 50.33 % for HRT of 4 hours and 2.5 hours respectively. The methane production dropped to 0.1623 & 0.0988 L CH4 / g COD with average organic loading rate of 5.34 & 10 Kg COD /m3/day for HRT of 4 hours and 2.5 hours respectively.

The efficiencies of Total nitrogen removal ranged between (2.23-10.83) % with an apparent decrease during the low temperature high rate stages  .Nitrite removal were in the range of (23.08 -77) % with up to the 2 mg/L in the effluent water when obtaining high organic loading and warm temperature. These results demonstrated that the domestic wastewater could be anaerobically treated in a fluidized bed UASB reactor with very low HRT reaching 2 .5 hours.

 

Keywords

Anaerobic wastewater treatment; anaerobic fluidized bed reactors; biogas production; up flow anaerobic sludge bed reactor UASB.

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