MR angiography-planned prostatic artery embolization for benign prostatic hyperplasia: single-center retrospective study in 56 patients.

Citation:
Vogl, T. J., A. Zinn, E. Elhawash, L. S. Alizadeh, N. - E. A. Nour-Eldin, and N. N. N. Naguib, "MR angiography-planned prostatic artery embolization for benign prostatic hyperplasia: single-center retrospective study in 56 patients.", Diagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey), vol. 27, issue 6, pp. 725-731, 2021.

Abstract:

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the advantages of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)-planned prostatic artery embolization (PAE) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

METHODS: In this retrospective study, MRAs of 56 patients (mean age, 67.23±7.73 years; age range, 47-82 years) who underwent PAE between 2017 and 2018 were evaluated. For inclusion, full information about procedure time and radiation values must have been available. To identify prostatic artery (PA) origin, three-dimensional MRA reconstruction with maximum intensity projection was conducted in every patient. In total, 33 patients completed clinical and imaging follow-up and were included in clinical evaluation.

RESULTS: There were 131 PAs with a second PA in 19 pelvic sides. PA origin was correctly identified via MRA in 108 of 131 PAs (82.44%). In patients in which MRA allowed a PA analysis, a significant reduction of the fluoroscopy time (-27.0%, p = 0.028) and of the dose area product (-38.0%, p = 0.003) was detected versus those with no PA analysis prior to PAE. Intervention time was reduced by 13.2%, (p = 0.25). Mean fluoroscopy time was 30.1 min, mean dose area product 27,749 µGy•m2, and mean entrance dose 1553 mGy. Technical success was achieved in all 56 patients (100.0%); all patients were embolized on both pelvic sides. The evaluated data documented a significant reduction in IPSS (p < 0.001; mean 9.67 points).

CONCLUSION: MRA prior to PAE allowed the identification of PA in 82.44% of the cases. MRA-planned PAE is an effective treatment for patients with BPH.

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