Atorvastatin-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs): strategy to overcome oral delivery drawbacks

Citation:
Elmowafy, M., H. M. Ibrahim, M. A. Ahmed, K. Shalaby, A. Salama, and H. Hefesha, "Atorvastatin-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs): strategy to overcome oral delivery drawbacks", Drug Delivery, vol. 24, no. 1: Taylor & Francis, pp. 932-941, 2017.

Abstract:

AbstractAtorvastatin (AT) is a widely used lipid-regulating drug to reduce cholesterol and triglycerides. Its poor aqueous solubility and hepatic metabolism require development of drug delivery systems able to improve its solubility and bypass hepatic effect. For this purpose, atorvastatin nanostructured lipid carriers (AT-NLCs) were prepared and characterized. AT-NLCs were prepared by emulsification using high-speed homogenization followed by ultrasonication. The prepared NLCs showed particle size between 162.5 ± 12 and 865.55 ± 28 nm while zeta potential values varied between −34 ± 0.29 and −23 ± 0.36 mV. They also showed high encapsulation efficiency (>87%) and amorphous state of the drug in lipid matrix. Pharmacokinetic parameters of optimized formulation (NLC-1; composed of 2% Gelucire® 43/01, 8% Capryol® PGMC, 2% Pluronic®F68 and 0.5% lecithin) revealed 3.6- and 2.1-fold increase in bioavailability as compared to atorvastatin suspension and commercial product (Lipitor®), respectively. Administration of NLC-1 led to significant reduction (p < .05) in the rats’ serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and significant increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL). This improvement was confirmed histologically by minimizing the associated hepatic steatosis. These investigations demonstrated the superiority of NLCs for improvement of oral bioavailability and in vivo performance of AT.

Notes:

PMID: 28617150

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