Publications

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2021
Mostafa, W. Z., M. F. Hussein, E. F. Aly, M. M. Khorshied, E. B. Eweis, A. M. Abdelmeged, M. S. El-Hawary, and V. G. Hafez, "Circulating T regulatory cells in patients with psoriasis with and without atherosclerosis: A pilot comparative study before and after photochemotherapy.", Photodermatology, photoimmunology & photomedicine, 2021.
2020
Khorshied, M. M., M. El-Ghamrawy, M. E. Yassa, A. M. S. Tosson, and M. A. El-Hady, "Association between BCL11A, HSB1L-MYB, and XmnI γG-158 (C/T) gene polymorphism and hemoglobin F level in Egyptian sickle cell disease patients", Annals of Hematology, vol. 99, issue 10, pp. 2279-2288, 2020.
Khorshied, M. M., M. El-Ghamrawy, M. E. Yassa, A. M. S. Tosson, and M. A. El-Hady, "Association between BCL11A, HSB1L-MYB, and XmnI γG-158 (C/T) gene polymorphism and hemoglobin F level in Egyptian sickle cell disease patients", Annals of Hematology, vol. 99, issue 10, pp. 2279-2288, 2020.
Enein, A. A. A., I. A. A. Khaled, M. M. Khorshied, A. O. A. El-Aziz, N. Zahran, A. M. El Saeed, H. I. Shousha, and H. A. L. A. Rahman, "Genetic variations in DNA-repair genes (XRCC1, 3, and 7) and the susceptibility to hepatocellular carcinoma in a cohort of Egyptians.", Journal of medical virology, vol. 92, pp. 3609–3616, 2020. Abstract

Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is a worldwide etiology of chronic hepatic insult particularly in Egypt. DNA-repair systems are responsible for maintaining genomic integrity by countering threats posed by DNA lesions. Deficiency in the repair capacity due to genetic alterations in DNA-repair genes can lead to genomic instability and increased risk of cancer development. The present work aimed at studying the possible association between XRCC1-G28152A (rs25487), XRCC3-C18067T (rs861539), and XRCC7-G6721T (rs7003908) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the susceptibility to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Egyptian population. The study was conducted on 100 newly diagnosed HCC patients and 100 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Laboratory workup revealed that all HCC patients have chronic hepatitis C viral infection. Genotyping of the studied SNPs was performed by real-time PCR. The heteromutant genotype of XRCC1 (GA) conferred an almost two-fold increased risk of HCC (OR ,  2.35; 95% CI, 1.33-4.04). Regarding XRCC7, the heteromutant (TG) genotype conferred a two-fold increased risk of HCC (OR ,  2.17; 95% CI, 1.23-3.82). Coinheritance of the polymorphic genotypes of XRCC1 and 7 was significantly higher in HCC cases than controls and was associated with an 11-fold increased risk of HCC (OR , 11.66; 95% CI,  2.77-49.13). The frequency of XRCC3 polymorphic genotypes in HCC patients was close to that of the controls.

Shaheen, I., M. Khorshied, Rasha Abdel-Raouf, H. Gouda, D. Kamal, N. Abulata, R. Aboukhalil, and B. Meligy, "L-Selectin P213S and Integrin Alpha 2 C807T Genetic Polymorphisms in Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Patients.", Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology, vol. 42, issue 8, pp. e707-e711, 2020. Abstract

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an autosomal recessive hemoglobinopathy characterized by increased cellular adhesiveness. Vaso-occlusion (VOC) is the most prevalent disease complication of SCD that could be altered by genetic factors. L-Selectin and integrin alpha 2 (ITGA2) are 2 adhesion molecules linked to vasculopathy and inflammation. The current study aimed at detecting the prevalence of genetic variants of L-selectin and ITGA2 as possible molecular modulators and novel therapeutic targets in a cohort of pediatric SCD patients. Genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism technique for 100 SCD patients and 100 age and gender-matched unrelated healthy controls. The homomutant genotype of ITGA2 C807T was significantly higher in SCD patients compared with controls (P=0.001) and confirmed almost a 3-fold increased risk of moderate and severe attacks of VOC. There are significant adverse effects caused by the polymorphisms of ITGA2, and hence Egyptian SCD patients could benefit from the targeted therapies specifically against ITGA2 to ameliorate the severe course of the disease and improve the quality of life. However, further studies of genotypes and expression levels of these adhesion molecules during the attacks of VOC are recommended.

Esmat, S., D. Bassiouny, M. A. Saleh, D. abd el halim, R. Hegazy, M. El Hawary, H. E. B. A. GAWDAT, H. Gouda, M. Khorshied, and N. E. S. R. I. N. SAMIR, "Studying the effect of adding growth factors to the autologous melanocyte keratinocyte suspension in segmental vitiligo.", Dermatologic therapy, vol. 33, issue 3, pp. e13368, 2020. Abstract

Addition of different growth factors to the medium used in autologous melanocyte-keratinocyte transplantation procedure (MKTP) was reported in the literature. The aim of the current study was comparison of response to MKTP in segmental vitiligo (SV) with and without adding growth factors to the suspension medium. Eighteen cases with SV were randomly divided into two groups. In group A: Ham F12 medium was used for suspension and in group B: 5 ng/mL recombinant basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and 25 mg/500 mL 3'5' cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) were added to the medium. All cases received NB-UVB twice weekly for 24 weeks. The area of vitiligo lesions was measured before and after therapy by point-counting technique and complications were recorded. Excellent response (90%-100% repigmentation) occurred in 5/9 cases (56%) in group A and 7/9 cases (78%) in group B (with growth factors). A significant decrease in the area of treated lesions before and after therapy was found in both groups A and B (P = .0012 and .0004, respectively), however, a higher percentage of reduction in area of vitiligo was seen in group B cases (70% in group A vs 90% in group B; P value: .028). Marginal halo was seen in five cases in group A and six in group B. In conclusion addition of bFGF and cAMP to MKTP medium improved the results of the procedure. It could be considered if economically feasible.

2019
Zayed, S. A., N. M. Zahran, M. M. Khorshied, A. O. A. El-Aziz, O. Mahmoud, S. A. Morsy, H. I. Shousha, T. M. Elbaz, M. M. Nabeel, and A. R. K. Harb, "Genetic variations in death receptor domain 4 gene and the susceptibility to hepatitis C related hepatocellular carcinoma.", Journal of medical virology, vol. 91, issue 8, pp. 1537-1544, 2019. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide, particularly in Egypt. The role of apoptosis in tumorigenesis has been well-documented and resistance to apoptosis is a hallmark of cancer. Several studies discussed the association between death receptor 4 (DR4) genetic variants and HCC risk.

AIM: To study the possible link between DR4 gene polymorphisms and the susceptibility to HCC.

METHODS: Genotyping of DR4-C626G, -A683C, and DR4-A1322G single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) was determined by polymerase chain reaction assay for 100 de novo HCV-related HCC patients, 100 chronic hepatitis C-related liver cirrhosis patients, and 150 healthy controls.

RESULTS: DR4-A1322G polymorphic genotypes (AG and GG) were significantly higher in HCC and cirrhotic patients than controls. The AG genotype conferred two-fold increased risk of HCC (odds ratio [OR], 2.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.56-3.51) and the risk increased to three-fold for the GG genotype (OR, 3.51; 95%CI, 2.33-5.28). The frequency of DR4-C626G and -A683C SNPs in HCC and cirrhotic patients were not significantly different from the controls. Combined genotype analysis showed that coinheritance of the polymorphic genotypes of DR4-C626G and -A1322G conferred nine-fold increased risk of HCC (OR, 9.34; 95%CI, 3.76-23.12). The risk increased to be 12-fold when DR4-A683C and -A1322G variants were coinherited (OR, 11.9; 95%CI, 4.82-29.39). Coexistence of the variant genotypes of the three SNPs conferred almost 10-fold increased risk of HCC (OR, 9.75; 95%CI, 1.86-51.19).

CONCLUSIONS: The G allele of DR4 -A1322G could be considered as a novel independent molecular predictor for HCV-related HCC in the Egyptian population.

Bakr, S., M. Khorshied, N. Talha, K. Y. Jaffer, N. Soliman, K. Eid, and M. El-Ghamrawy, "Implication of HMOX1 and CCR5 genotypes on clinical phenotype of Egyptian patients with sickle cell anemia.", Annals of hematology, vol. 98, issue 8, pp. 1805-1812, 2019. Abstract

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a relatively common inherited hemolytic anemia among individuals of African descent. Genetic factors might clarify clinical diversity of the disease and variations in treatment response. Some researchers investigated heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1) or chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5Δ32) genotypes among SCD patients and their correlation with fetal hemoglobin (HbF) and disease severity. However, there are no such records among Arab nations. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of the HMOX1-413 A>T (rs2071746) and CCR5Δ32 (rs333) polymorphisms, and to assess their effect on SCD phenotype and HbF level among Egyptian patients. Polymerase chain reaction assay was used to determine these polymorphisms among 100 SCD patients and 100 healthy controls. Though not statistically significant, the frequency of individual carrying HMOX-1 polymorphic AT and TT genotypes in both patient and control groups was 92% and 85% respectively. Regarding CCR5Δ32 polymorphisms, all SCD patients harbored the wild genotype (100%), while the heteromutant genotype was encountered in 2% of our controls. Patients harboring mutant HMOX-1 had a less frequent vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC)/lifetime, less VOC in the last year, less incidence of stroke, less frequency of hospitalization, and responded more frequently to hydroxyurea with statistically significant differences (p = 0.028, 0.007, 0.046, 0.007, and 0.011 respectively). No significant associations with HbF level or other hematologic parameters were encountered among our cohort. Our study results suggest a protective effect of mutant HMOX-1 genotypes in ameliorating the phenotypic severity of the disease. HMOX1-413 A>T (rs2071746) polymorphisms might prove to be a prognostic marker among Egyptian SCD, but not CCR5Δ32 (rs333) polymorphisms.

Bakr, S., M. Khorshied, N. Talha, K. Y. Jaffer, N. Soliman, K. Eid, and M. El-Ghamrawy, "Implication of HMOX1 and CCR5 genotypes on clinical phenotype of Egyptian patients with sickle cell anemia.", Annals of hematology, vol. 98, issue 8, pp. 1805-1812, 2019. Abstract

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a relatively common inherited hemolytic anemia among individuals of African descent. Genetic factors might clarify clinical diversity of the disease and variations in treatment response. Some researchers investigated heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1) or chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5Δ32) genotypes among SCD patients and their correlation with fetal hemoglobin (HbF) and disease severity. However, there are no such records among Arab nations. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of the HMOX1-413 A>T (rs2071746) and CCR5Δ32 (rs333) polymorphisms, and to assess their effect on SCD phenotype and HbF level among Egyptian patients. Polymerase chain reaction assay was used to determine these polymorphisms among 100 SCD patients and 100 healthy controls. Though not statistically significant, the frequency of individual carrying HMOX-1 polymorphic AT and TT genotypes in both patient and control groups was 92% and 85% respectively. Regarding CCR5Δ32 polymorphisms, all SCD patients harbored the wild genotype (100%), while the heteromutant genotype was encountered in 2% of our controls. Patients harboring mutant HMOX-1 had a less frequent vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC)/lifetime, less VOC in the last year, less incidence of stroke, less frequency of hospitalization, and responded more frequently to hydroxyurea with statistically significant differences (p = 0.028, 0.007, 0.046, 0.007, and 0.011 respectively). No significant associations with HbF level or other hematologic parameters were encountered among our cohort. Our study results suggest a protective effect of mutant HMOX-1 genotypes in ameliorating the phenotypic severity of the disease. HMOX1-413 A>T (rs2071746) polymorphisms might prove to be a prognostic marker among Egyptian SCD, but not CCR5Δ32 (rs333) polymorphisms.

2018
Khorshied, M., O. Ibrahim, A. Gad, and M. El-Ghamrawy, "The effect of interleukin-1β and interleukin-6 genetic polymorphisms on sickle cell disease course in childhood: an Egyptian study", Archives of Medical Science-Civilization Diseases , vol. 3, issue 1, pp. 57-63, 2018.
R, Y., A. - H. MRE, K. M, K. M, and F. A, "Effect of polymorphisms in IL-12B p40, IL-17A and IL-23 A/G genes on the response of psoriatic patients to narrowband UVB", Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed. , vol. 34, issue 5, pp. 347-349, 2018.
Ghobrial, E. E., H. M. Marzouk, M. M. Khorshied, and M. G. Sayed, "Level of Interleukin 37 (IL-37) in Children with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Its Correlation with Disease Activity", Iranian Journal of Pediatrics 28 , vol. 28, issue 1, 2018.
2017
BM, E. - Z., E. S, B. D, Z. NS, Z. NS, S. R, S. MA, A. - H. D, G. H, H. R, et al., "Effect of Procedural-Related Variables on Melanocyte-Keratinocyte Suspension Transplantation in Nonsegmental Stable Vitiligo: A Clinical and Immunocytochemical Study.", Dermatol Surg., vol. 43, issue 2, pp. 226-235, 2017.
B, E. - Z., B. D, H. R, G. H, S. S, K. MM, and S. MA, "Rituximab treatment in pemphigus vulgaris: effect on circulating Tregs.", Arch Dermatol Res. 2017, 2017.
2016
Khorshied, M. M., and H. M. Gouda, "Diagnostic values of CD64, C-reactive protein and procalcitonin in ventilator-associated pneumonia in adult trauma patients: a pilot study.", Clin Chem Lab Med., vol. pii: /j/cclm.ahead-of-print/cclm-2015-0656/cclm-2015-0656.xml. doi: 10.1515/cclm-2015-0656. [Epub ahead of print], 2016.
Shaarawy, E., R. A. N. I. A. A. B. D. EL-HAY, nesrine samir, and M. Khorshied, "Lack of Association between Interleukin-1 β Gene Polymorphisms and Alopecia Areata; A Case-Control Study ", Med. J. Cairo Univ., vol. 84, issue 2, pp. 197-201, 2016. il1b-vitiligo-2016-ours.pdf
hala Shiba, M. M. Khorshied, H. M. Gouda, S. A. Mousa, and M. K. El-Ghamarawy, "Prevalence of Hepatitis C among Egyptian Children with Sickle Cell Disease and the Role of IL28b Gene Polymorphisms in Spontaneous Viral Clearance.", Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis, vol. 1;8(1):e2016007, 2016. il-28-hcv-scd-egypt.pdf
2015
Khorshied, M. M., A. A. Zayed, and M. F. Hussein, "Inducible nitric oxide synthase promoter polymorphism: a molecular susceptibility marker for vitiligo in Egyptians.", Int J Dermatol. , vol. 54(6), pp. 675-9, 2015.
Raafat, I. I., N. A. Azab, M. M. Khorshied, M. H. Yacoub, and L. A. Samy, "Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) G/T gene polymorphism in Egyptian systemic lupus erythematosus female patients ", The Egyptian Rheumatologist , vol. 37, pp. 75-80, 2015.
2014
Gouda, H. M., M. M. Khorshied, I. A. Shaheen, M. E. H. Sissy, and M. A. Mohsen, "Association between matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) promoter polymorphisms and the susceptibility to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in Egyptians.", Ann Hematol. , vol. 93, issue 8, pp. 1313-8, 2014.
Farawela, H. M., M. M. Khorshied, H. M. Zawam, N. M. Kassem, and H. A. Kassem, "The clinical relevance and prognostic significance of adenosine triphosphate ATP-binding cassette (ABCB5) and multidrug resistance (MDR1) genes expression in acute leukemia: an Egyptian study.", J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. , vol. 140, issue 8, pp. 1323-30, 2014.