A Proposed Coordination Strategy for Meshed Distribution Systems with DG Considering User-defined Characteristics of Directional Inverse Time Overcurrent Relays

Citation:
Mohamed, S. H., Z. H. H., I. D. Khalil, and A. E. L. - Z. E. EL-Din, "A Proposed Coordination Strategy for Meshed Distribution Systems with DG Considering User-defined Characteristics of Directional Inverse Time Overcurrent Relays", International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy systems, Elsevier, vol. 65: Elsevier, pp. 49-58, 2015.

Abstract:

In this paper, coordination strategy that considers using user defined characteristics for the inverse time overcurrent relays is proposed. Typically, the coordination between relays operating times within meshed systems are achieved by adjusting two relay settings; pick up current and time multiplier setting (TDS and Ip). The equation that models the digital inverse time overcurrent relay operation has two constants; one of them represents the constant for relay characteristics (A) and the other one represents the inverse time type (B). The proposed coordination strategy considers the two relay characteristics constants as continuous variable settings that can be adjusted. These (A and B) values are chosen optimally in addition to (TDS and Ip) to achieve coordination. The coordination problem is formulated as a nonlinear programming problem where the main objective is to minimize the overall time of operation of relays during primary and backup operation considering faults at different locations. The results are compared against the relay coordination using the conventional settings. The problem is applied to the meshed power distribution network of the IEEE 30 bus systems equipped with synchronous based DGs. The results show that the proposed strategy can significantly reduce the overall relay operating time and thus making it an attractive option for meshed distribution systems with DG.

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