A phasor-based double ended fault location scheme for aged power cables

Abdel Aziz, M. M., E. S. T. E. Din, D. K. Ibrahim, and M. Gilany, "A phasor-based double ended fault location scheme for aged power cables", Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 34, issue 4: Taylor & Francis, pp. 417-432, 2006.


This paper presents a fault location scheme for aged power cables using phasor measurements from both ends of the cable line. The proposed fault location scheme is derived using two-terminal measurements incorporated with a distributed line model, modal transformation theory, and discrete Fourier transforms. The proposed scheme can solve the problem of cable changing parameters, especially the change of the relative permittivity and thus for the operating positive, negative, and zero sequence capacitance changes. Extensive simulation studies are carried out using the alternative transients program ATP/EMTP. The simulation studies show that the proposed scheme provides a high accuracy in fault location calculations under various system and fault conditions. The results show that the proposed method responds very well, being insensitive to fault type, fault distance, fault resistance, and fault inception angle. The
proposed scheme solves the problem of aged cables with change of electric parameters. In addition, it gives an accurate estimation of the fault resistance in all fault types.



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