High impedance fault detection in mutually coupled double-ended transmission lines using high frequency disturbances

Aboul-Zahab, E. M., E. - S. T. Eldin, D. K. Ibrahim, and S. M. Saleh, "High impedance fault detection in mutually coupled double-ended transmission lines using high frequency disturbances", Power System Conference, 2008. MEPCON 2008. 12th International Middle-East: IEEE, pp. 412-419, 2008.


Coupling Capacitor Voltage Transformer (CCVT) secondary voltages, normally applied to conventional schemes, do not comprise appropriate information for schemes that operate on high frequency fault generated transients. However it is possible to capture the required travelling wave information contained in fault transients using a high frequency tap from a CCVT. This paper presents an ATP/EMTP fault simulations studies based algorithm for half cycle high impedance fault detection. The proposed scheme implemented on two different models of HIF in extra high voltage mutually coupled double-ended transmission lines. The scheme recognizes the distortion of the voltage waveforms caused by the arcs usually associated with HIFs. The high pass filter tap yields three phase voltage in the high frequency range which are fed to Clarke’s transformation to decouple the traveling waves of the mutually coupled lines and produces ground mode and aerial modes voltage components to
the classifier for pattern recognition. The classifier is based on an algorithm that uses recursive method to sum the absolute values of the high frequency signal generated over one cycle and shifting one sample. Characteristics of the proposed fault detection scheme are analyzed by extensive simulation studies that clearly reveal that the proposed method can accurately detect HIFs in the EHV transmission lines within only half a cycle from the instant of fault occurrence. The reliability of the proposed scheme does not affected by different fault conditions such as fault distance and fault inception angle.



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