Field experience with sympathetic tripping in distribution networks: problems and Solutions

Sabra, H., D. K. Ibrahim, and M. Gilany, "Field experience with sympathetic tripping in distribution networks: problems and Solutions", The journal of Engineering, IET, vol. 2018, issue 15, pp. 1181 – 1185, 2018.


Sympathetic tripping is a common challenge that affects the proper operation of the earth fault relays in distribution networks. It likely occurs when healthy feeders are exposed to an unnecessary trip operation in response to an actual fault occurring on an adjacent feeder. The sympathetic tripping phenomena of overcurrent and earth fault (EF) relays in the distribution networks and their causes are studied in this paper. Real recorded data of affected healthy feeder(s) for different sympathetic trip scenarios reported from an Egyptian distribution network are extensively analysed. A custom logic protection scheme is proposed to detect the sympathetic tripping phenomena using the existing features of IED relays without any additional cost. In addition to the captured real disturbance records, simulated scenarios of sympathetic tripping are modelled using MODELS language in ATP/EMTP program to evaluate the proposed schemes. The achieved results ensure the suitability of the proposed protection program in order to avoid the unnecessary false sympathetic tripping for both incoming and outgoing feeders.

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