Application of PSO tuned fuzzy logic controller for LFC of two-area power system with redox flow battery and PV solar park

Citation:
Shafei, M. A. R., D. K. Ibrahim, and M. Bahaa, "Application of PSO tuned fuzzy logic controller for LFC of two-area power system with redox flow battery and PV solar park", Ain Shams Engineering Journal, vol. 13, issue 5, pp. Article No. 101710, 2022.

Abstract:

Nowadays, integrating large scale renewable energy sources, like solar PV parks, raises challenges for Load Frequency Controllers (LFC). The output of PV varies continuously, which requires a robust LFC deals
logically without continuous tuning and parameters optimization. In this paper, a fuzzy logic controller (FLC) is proposed to act as the main LFC instead of the traditional proportional–integral–derivative (PID) controller. The dynamic performance of FLC is enhanced by optimizing its parameters for different cost functions using particle swarm optimization technique (PSO). Another two FLCs will be added to PV system to act as an output controller instead of maximum power point tracker (MPPT) to enhance the overall system performance. To increase system reliability, a fast active power source called redox flow battery (RFB) is added in the proposed model as a frequency stabilizer. RFB can deeply discharge up to 90% with theoretically limitless number of duty cycles and has fast time response for severe load changes. The
importance of these proposed controllers side by side with RFB is to avoid disconnecting solar parks during
heavy cloudy days while preserving on maximizing its output during these periods. The superiority of the proposed FLC is examined by evaluating its performance compared to another control approach called PID-P (PID controller with P controller in the inner feedback loop). Finally, a comprehensive sensitivity analysis is also presented to investigate the controller robustness for extensive changes in power system parameters and loading.

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