Social participation and its relationship to Family support provided among autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disabilities

Citation:
Ayman, Salim, A. H., "Social participation and its relationship to Family support provided among autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disabilities", العلوم التربوية, vol. 31, issue (1), pp. 1-66, 2023.

Abstract:

Abstract:
The level of social participation(SP)of autism spectrum disorders(ASD)and with intellectual disabilities(ID) is believed to be affected by family support(FS), yet the impact of the availability or lack of such support is unknown. This research aims to determine the relation between social participation (social, recreational, sports activities)and family support (independence, psychological, social supports) for mild ASD and mild ID. The research sample consisted of (201) children and adolescents (114) with ASD and(87) with ID and their parents from special education centers enrolled in inclusion schools. The descriptive method was used, The scales of SP, FS and sociocultural level were applied. The results indicated that the level of SP for participants with ASD was average while it was low for participants with ID, and that parents’ presence was more in SP activities, FS was high for both groups. There was a positive correlation between SP and FS and a predictive ability of FS to predict SP. There are statistically significant differences in SP and FS in favor of ASD. concerning gender in SP in favor of females with ASD and in FS in favor of males with ASD. concerning age in both SP and FS in favor of the age group (8-12) with ASD. concerning social level in both SP and FS in favor of high-social level with ASD. This finding supports research on barriers that hinder SP and recommends further research to increase SP of people with ASD and with ID.
Key Words: Autism spectrum disorder ASD - Intellectual disabilities ID-
Social participation SP - Family support FS.

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