Ayman, Salim, A. H., "Effectiveness of a program using augmented reality to develop expressive language in improving spontaneous speech for children with autism spectrum disorder", تكنولوجيا التربية دراسات وبحوث, vol. 52, issue (3), pp. 359-406. , 2022. Abstract

Abstract:
Previous research indicates a close relationship between the use of technology and particularly augmented reality technology and the acquisition of many skills and behaviors by children with autism spectrum disorder.The current research aims to verify the effectiveness of augmented reality technology in the development of expressive language and its impact at improving the level of spontaneous speech among children with autism spectrum disorder. The research sample consisted of (10) children who were divided into two equal groups, experimental and control, whose ages ranged between(6-8) years, IQ coefficient between(85-100) degrees, and autism spectrum disorder between(55-69), with a convergence of the level of deficiency In expressive language and spontaneous speech. The current research applied Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale(fifth modified version) and ,Gilliam Scale-3, the expressive language skills scale, the spontaneous speech scale, the socioeconomic and cultural level scale, the training program using augmented reality technology, and a group of augmented reality applications on the tablet. The results of the research indicates the effectiveness of the program in developing expressive language among children with autism spectrum disorder using augmented reality, as well as improving the level of spontaneous speech among the children of the experimental group. This result supports the possibility of expanding the use of augmented reality technology to Provide children with autism spectrum disorder with many behaviors and social skills, including language. It also recommends continued efforts in the development of expressive language, which would enhance spontaneous speaking skills.
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder- augmented reality- expressive language- spontaneous speech.

Ayman, Salim, A. H., "Social participation and its relationship to Family support provided among autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disabilities", العلوم التربوية, vol. 31, issue (1), pp. 1-66, 2023. Abstract

Abstract:
The level of social participation(SP)of autism spectrum disorders(ASD)and with intellectual disabilities(ID) is believed to be affected by family support(FS), yet the impact of the availability or lack of such support is unknown. This research aims to determine the relation between social participation (social, recreational, sports activities)and family support (independence, psychological, social supports) for mild ASD and mild ID. The research sample consisted of (201) children and adolescents (114) with ASD and(87) with ID and their parents from special education centers enrolled in inclusion schools. The descriptive method was used, The scales of SP, FS and sociocultural level were applied. The results indicated that the level of SP for participants with ASD was average while it was low for participants with ID, and that parents’ presence was more in SP activities, FS was high for both groups. There was a positive correlation between SP and FS and a predictive ability of FS to predict SP. There are statistically significant differences in SP and FS in favor of ASD. concerning gender in SP in favor of females with ASD and in FS in favor of males with ASD. concerning age in both SP and FS in favor of the age group (8-12) with ASD. concerning social level in both SP and FS in favor of high-social level with ASD. This finding supports research on barriers that hinder SP and recommends further research to increase SP of people with ASD and with ID.
Key Words: Autism spectrum disorder ASD - Intellectual disabilities ID-
Social participation SP - Family support FS.

Ayman, Salim, A. H., "The Relative contribution of receptive and expressive language skills in Predicting Social interaction among children with autism spectrum disorder", مجلة کلية التربية . جامعة طنطا,, vol. 88, issue (4), pp. 1011-1088, 2022. Abstract

Abstract:
Deficiencies in language and social interaction skills are key symptoms in diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Current research aims to determine the predictability of social interaction skills through receptive and expressive language skills among children with autism spectrum disorder and to reveal their relationship as well as differences in the light of gender, age and IQ. The research sample consisted of (90) children. The descriptive curriculum was used, the receptive and expressive language skills scale and the social interaction skills scale were used. The results indicated that the level of receptive language was high, while expressive language and the overall degree of language skills were medium, social exchange and social relations skills were medium, while non-verbal communication skills were high. A statistically significant correlation between children's grades at some levels of receptive language with some social interaction skills, and no statistically significant correlation between expressive language levels and social interaction skills except the pragmatic level. The statistical impact of some levels of receptive language on their ability to predict social interaction skills, while only the pragmatic level of expressive language levels is predicted by some social interaction skills. and The absence of statistically significant differences between males and females in receptive and expressive language skills, as well as in social interaction skills. There are statistically significant differences in older age in receptive and expressive language skills, as opposed to no differences in social interaction skills. Statistically significant differences exist in favour of the high IQ in receptive and expressive language skills, as well as social interaction skills except for social relations skills. This result supports research into the interrelationships between language and social interaction at larger ages, and recommends further research into the intermediate variables between language skills and social interaction.
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder - receptive language - expressive language - social interaction.

Ayman, Salim, A. H., "The Effectiveness of a Program Based on Central Cohesion tasks to Develop Visual Processing among Children with Autism Spectrum disorder", مجلة التربية الخاصة، جامعة الزقازيق, vol. 10, issue 37, pp. 324-381, 2021. Abstract

Abstract:
Previous research indicates that there is a lack of visual processing skills in children with autism spectrum disorder, and the current research aims to verify the effectiveness of a programme based on some central cohesion tasks in developing visual processing skills in children with autism spectrum disorder. The sample consisted of 10 children at the Fort-T Rehabilitation Centre, in age from 8 to 10 years old, the level of autism disorder (55-70) on the Gilliam scale-3, divided into two equivalent groups of experimental and control. The tools of the study consisted of the Stanford Binet Scale-Image 5, the Gilliam-3 Scale, the Visual Processing Scale for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, and a programme based on central cohesion tasks.The results indicated statistically significant differences at the level (0.05) Between the means rank of the experimental group in the pre and posttest for visual processing in favour posttest, and statistically significant differences at the level (0.01) between the means rank of two groups at posttest in favour of experimental group, its reflecting the effectiveness of the programme in improving visual treatment in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Ayman, Salim, A. H., "The effectiveness of a program based on social stories in developing auditory processing among children with mild intellectual disability", مجلة كلية التربية جامعة بنها, vol. 32, issue 128, pp. 433-484, 2021. Abstract

Abstract:
Previous research indicates that there is a lack of Auditory processing skills in children with Intellectual Disability, and the research aims to verify the effectiveness of a programme based on social stories in developing Auditory processing in children with mild Intellectual Disability. The sample consisted of 10 children at the Kids Rehabilitation Centre, in age from (8 -10) years old, the level of IQ (70-55) on Stanford Binet scale, divided into two equivalent groups of experimental and control. The tools of the study consisted of the Stanford Binet Scale-version 5, the Adaptive Behavior Scale, the Auditory Processing Scale for Children with Intellectual Disability, and a programme based on social stories. The results indicated statistically significant differences at the level (0.01) Between the means rank of the experimental group in the pre and posttest for Auditory processing in favour posttest, and statistically significant differences at the level (0.01) between the means rank of two groups at posttest in favour of experimental group, its reflecting the effectiveness of the programme in improving Auditory Processing in children with Intellectual Disability.

Ayman, Salim, A. H., "Socio-Economic- Cultural Level Assessment Scale Of The Egyptian Family", مجلة كلية التربية، جامعة بنها, vol. 29, issue 116, pp. 150-186, 2018. Abstract

The current research aimed to review and update the socio-economic- cultural level scale of the Egyptian family in light of the current changes. the descriptive approach was used. the study sample (701) family varied between the urban governorates (rural and city) in upper Egypt (Luxor - Sohag - Assiut - Minia - Beni Suef) and the lower Egypt (Cairo - Qalubia - Dakahlia - Kafr El Sheikh - Sharqia - Port Said). the results identified the most important variables in determining the socio-economic -cultural level of the Egyptian family, namely educational qualifications, occupational / vocational position, living income of both parents and their life style. the search also found a predictive equation that suits the current socio-economic and cultural level of the Egyptian family, also showed that the distribution of the current research sample does not follow the average distribution on the socio-economic cultural level of the Egyptian family (research sample).

Ayman, Salim, A. H., "Self-Determination Among Adolescents with Intellectual Disability and Autism Spectrum Disorder: A multivariate analysis", مجلة العلوم التربوية، جامعة القاهرة, vol. 28, issue 4, pp. 90-130, 2018. Abstract

the current research aims to identify the differences in self-determination and its dimensions (independence, self-regulation, psychological empowerment, self-realization) among Adolescents with Intellectual Disability and with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The sample consisted of 190 students (95 with Intellectual Disability, 95 with Autism Disorder) were divided into two equal groups to identify differences in self-determination. the Egyptian version of the self-determination scale (ARC'S SDS-E) was used. The results revealed the availability of self-determination at a moderate level among people with Intellectual Disability and a low level of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Also, the results indicated that there are statistically significant differences in the total score and sub-dimensions of self-determination according to the type of disability in the total sample in favor of adolescents with intellectual disability. and there are statistically significant differences according to severity of disability and score of IQ in the overall score of self-determination, respectively, in favor of adolescents with simple intellectual disability, high-functioning autism disorder, moderate intellectual disability, low-functioning autism disorder, except the dimensions of self-regulation and self-realization were respectively for intellectual disability, and then autism disorder. according to the gender variable, there were statistically significant differences in the total score and sub-dimensions of self-determination within intellectual disability in favor of males and for females with autism disorder. according to the chronological age there were statistically significant differences in favor of the elderly in the total and sub-dimensions, respectively, of late adolescence with intellectual disability, late adolescence with autism spectrum disorder, early adolescence with intellectual disability, and early adolescence with autism spectrum disorder.

Ayman, Salim, A. H., "Psychometric properties of ARC’S Self-Determination Scale Among Adolescents with Intellectual Disability and Autism Spectrum Disorder", مجلة العلوم التربوية، جامعة القاهرة, vol. 26, issue 1, pp. 105-138, 2018. Abstract

The current research aims to calculate the psychometric characteristics of the arc's self-determination scale (arc's SDS; wehmeyer & kelchner, 1995) for adolescents with intellectual disability and with Autism Spectrum Disorder in the Egyptian environment. The sample consisted of 300 adolescents (150 with intellectual disabilities & 150 with Autism Spectrum Disorder),their ages ranged between 10-19 years from the public schools and private centers in the governorates of Cairo, Beni suef and Qalioubia to calculate the psychometric characteristics of the self-determination scale. The results revealed the validity of the scaleas evidence of the validity and reliability of the self-determination scale - modified Egyptian version (arc’s SDS–e) with the research groups; Adolescents with Intellectual disability and with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Ayman, Salim, A. H., "Effectiveness of a Training program to Develop Social Problem Solving Style In improving Social Interaction among people with mild intellectual disability", مجلة كلية التربية، جامعة بنها, vol. 28, issue 112, pp. 183-226, 2017. Abstract

this research aimed to verify the effectiveness of a training program in developing the practice of Social problem solving method In improving Social Interaction among adolescents with mild intellectual disability. The study sample consisted of (10) adolescents divided equally into two groups, experimental and control groups from the school of intellectual education in Beni Suef for 2016-2017 academic year. The ages ranged between (13-16) years, their scores of intelligence ranged between (50 - 68). The research used Stanford-Binet Intelligence scale (4th Edition), Vineland Adaptive Behavior scale, Socio-Economic level scale, Problem Solving method scale, and the Training Program. The results revealed that there are statistically significant differences between the mean scores of the experimental and control groups in Social problem solving method, and Social Interaction in favor of experimental group. this indicates the effectiveness of the training program in developing problem solving style and improving the level of social interaction among adolescents with mild intellectual disability.

Ayman, Salim, A. H., "Effectiveness of a training program in development of decision-making ability among People with mild intellectual disability", مجلة التربية الخاصة، جامعة الزقازيق, vol. 5, issue 17, pp. 388-434, 2016. Abstract

The current research aimed to verify the effectiveness of a training program in developing the decision-making skill among people with mild intellectual disability. The research sample consisted of (10) adult males divided equally into two groups: experimental group and control group from the School of Intellectual Education in Nasser city in Beni Suef governorate , for the 2015/2016 academic year. their ages ranged between (14 to 17) years, their scores of intelligence ranged between (50 to 68). The research used Stanford-Binet intelligence scale (4th Edition), Vineland Adaptive Behavior scale, socio-economic level Scale, decision-making Scale, and the training program. The results revealed that There are statistically significant differences between means of scores of the experimental and control groups in the post test of decision-making skill in the favor of the of experimental group, and this indicates the effectiveness of the training program in the development of decision-making among adults with mild intellectual disability.