Pharmacokinetics and tissue residues of kitasamycin in healthy and diseased broilers.

Citation:
Pharmacokinetics and tissue residues of kitasamycin in healthy and diseased broilers., Hassan, A. B., Atta A. H., and Soliman Z. I. , DTW. Deutsche tierarztliche Wochenschrift, 1990 Aug, Volume 97, Issue 8, p.315-7, (1990)

Abstract:

The pharmacokinetics of kitasamycin after intravenous and oral administration in a dose of 300 mg/kg b.wt. was studied in 18 healthy and 18 Salmonella gallinarum naturally infected chickens. The tissue residue of the studied antibiotic was estimated in 36 normal chickens when it was given orally for 7 successive days. Therapeutic level of kitasamycin was achieved after 15 minutes and persisted for 20-22 hours after its oral administration. Higher serum kitasamycin concentrations were recorded in Salmonella gallinarum infected chickens. The elimination half-life of kitasamycin calculated after single intravenous injection was 9.03 hours in diseased chickens corresponding to 3.74 hours in healthy birds. The body clearance was significantly reduced in diseased chickens (23.86 ml/kg/min) when compared to that in normal ones (62.03 ml/kg/min). Kitasamycin treated broilers should not be slaughtered before 3 days from the last dose as it was detected only in bile and caecum at that time but not in edible tissues.

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