Pharmacokinetic properties of florfenicol in Egyptian goats.

Pharmacokinetic properties of florfenicol in Egyptian goats., Atef, M., El-Gendi AY, Aziza MM, and Abd El-Aty A. M. , DTW. Deutsche tierarztliche Wochenschrift, 2000 Apr, Volume 107, Issue 4, p.147-50, (2000)


The single-dose disposition kinetics of florfenicol was determined in healthy, non-lactating Egyptian goats, after its intravenous (i.v.) and intramuscular (i.m.) administration at 20 mg kg-1 b.wt. Drug concentrations in serum and urine were determined using microbiological assay method and data was subjected to a kinetic analysis. Florfenicol concentrations in serum decreased in a bi-exponential manner after intravenous administration with distribution (t1/2 alpha) and elimination (t1/2 beta) half-lives of 10.256 +/- 0.938 and 56.237 +/- 3.102 minute, respectively. The steady-state volume of distribution (Vdss) and total body clearance (Cltot) were 3.413 +/- 0.304 l kg-1 and 3.306 +/- 0.333 l kg h-1. After intramuscular administration, the peak serum concentration (Cmax) was 0.859 +/- 0.025 micrograms ml-1, achieved at (Tmax) 1.220 + 0.045 h. Florfenicol was detected in urine up to 24 and 96 hour after i.v. and i.m. administration, respectively. The extent of the protein binding and systemic bioavailability of florfenicol were 22.45 +/- 1.727% and 65.718 +/- 3.372%, respectively.