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Sakr, A. H., S. M. Metwalli, and Y. H. Anis, "Dynamics of Heaving Buoy Wave Energy Converters with a Stiffness Reactive Controller", Energies, vol. 14, no. 1: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, pp. 44, 2021. Abstract
Ibrahim, P., M. Arafa, and Y. Anis, "An Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvester with a Tunable Mass Moment of Inertia", Sensors, vol. 21, no. 16, 2021. AbstractWebsite

This paper presents a vibration-based electromagnetic energy harvester whose resonance frequency can be adjusted to match that of the excitation. Frequency adjustment is attained by controlling a rotatable arm, with tuning masses, at the tip of a cantilever-type energy harvester, thereby changing the effective mass moment of inertia of the system. The rotatable arm is mounted on a servomotor that is autonomously controlled through a microcontroller and a photo sensor to keep the device at resonance for maximum power generation. A mathematical model is developed to predict the system response for different design parameters and to estimate the generated power. The system is investigated analytically by a distributed-parameter model to study the natural frequency variation and dynamic response. The analytical model is verified experimentally where the frequency is tuned from 8 to 10.25 Hz. A parametric study is performed to study the effect of each parameter on the system behavior.

Beshay, P. E., A. M. Ibrahim, S. S. Jeffrey, R. T. Howe, and Y. H. Anis, "Encapsulated Cell Dynamics in Droplet Microfluidic Devices with Sheath Flow", Micromachines, vol. 12, no. 7: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, pp. 839, 2021. Abstract
Elsisy, M. M., M. H. Arafa, C. A. Saleh, and Y. H. Anis, "Modeling of a Symmetric Five-Bar Displacement Amplification Compliant Mechanism for Energy Harvesting", Sensors, vol. 21, no. 4, 2021. AbstractWebsite

This paper presents an analytical model to determine a closed form mathematical representation for the output displacement of a displacement amplification compliant mechanism used for energy harvesting. A symmetric five-bar compliant mechanism with right-circular and corner-filleted flexure hinges was mathematically modeled and its displacement was determined using the Castigliano energy theorem. The stresses within the flexure joints, the weakest points in the mechanism body, were calculated. The mathematical model expresses both the displacement amplification and the stresses as functions of the design parameters and the load caused by the harvester. The developed model can be used to optimize the mechanism dimensions for maximum harvested power, while minimizing its structural stresses. The mechanism was also modeled numerically using finite element methods; both the analytical and numerical models were verified experimentally. The mathematical model of the mechanism was integrated with a model representing a piezoelectric energy harvester to calculate the open-circuit voltage. As a proof of concept, experiments were performed using an unimorph piezoelectric cantilever at low-frequency (less than 1 Hz) harmonic excitation inputs. The measured open-circuit voltage was found to be in agreement with that calculated using the proposed model, when integrated with the model representing the piezoelectric beam. The power generated by the piezoelectric harvester, equipped with the proposed displacement amplification mechanism, was more than a hundred times that without amplification.

Ibrahim, A. M., J. I. Padovani, R. T. Howe, and Y. H. Anis, "Modeling of Droplet Generation in a Microfluidic Flow-Focusing Junction for Droplet Size Control", Micromachines, vol. 12, no. 6: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, pp. 590, 2021. Abstract