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Nassrallah, A., and A. E. Abdel-Mobdy, "Biochemical Investigation of Goat Milk Casein and Whey Protein Crude Methanol Extract", Egyptian journal of chemistry, vol. 64, issue 11, pp. 6213-6219, 2021. ejchem_volume_64_issue_11_pages_6213-6219.pdf
Salamatullah, A. M., P. Subash-Babu, A. Nassrallah, A. A. Alshatwi, and M. S. Alkaltham, "Cyclotrisiloxan and b-Sitosterol rich Cassia alata (L.) flower inhibit HT-115 human colon cancer cell growth via mitochondrial dependent apoptotic stimulation", Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 28, issue 1, pp. 6009–6016, 2021.
Ahmed, H. A., Z. A. Salama, S. H. Salem, H. F. Aly, A. Nassrallah, F. Abou-Elella, and A. M. ABOUL, "Lyopene Nanoparticles Ameliorate The Antioxidants, Antimicrobial And Anticancer Potencies Of Tomato Pomace.", Egyptian journal of chemistry, vol. 64, issue 7, pp. 3739-3749, 2021. ejchem_volume_64_issue_7_pages_3739-3749.pdf
Kamal, K. Y., M. Khodaeiaminjan, G. Yahya, A. A. EL-tantawy, D. A. El-Moneim, M. A. El-Esawi, M. A. A. Abd-Elaziz, and A. A. Nassrallah, "Modulation of cell cycle progression and chromatin dynamic as tolerance mechanisms to salinity and drought stress in maize", physiologia plantarum, vol. 172, issue 2, pp. 684–695, 2021. lbhth_lkhms.pdf
Ahmed, H. A., A. M. Aboul-Enein, F. Abou-Elella, S. H. Salem, H. F. Aly, A. Nassrallah, and Z. A. Salama, "Nano-Formulations of Hesperidin and Essential Oil Extracted from Sweet Orange Peel: Chemical Properties and Biological Activities", Egyptian journal of chemistry, vol. 64, pp. 5373 - 5385, 2021.
Khodaeiaminjan, M., A. A. Nassrallah, and K. Y. Kamal, "Potential Attribute of Crassulacean Acid Metabolism of Opuntia spp. Production in Water-Limited Conditions", Opuntia spp.: Chemistry, Bioactivity and Industrial Applications: Springer, 2021. pages_from_2021_book_opuntiasppchemistrybioactivitychapter_9.pdf
Nassrallah, A. A., M. Khodaeiaminjan, and K. Y. Kamal, "Profile and Biological Properties of the Main Phenolic Compounds in Cactus Pear (Opuntia spp.)", Opuntia spp.: Chemistry, Bioactivity and Industrial Applications: Springer, 2021. pages_from_2021_book_opuntiasppchemistrybioactivity_chapter_15.pdf
Aboul-Soud, M. A. M., A. E. Ashour, J. K. Challis, A. F. Ahmed, A. Kumar, A. Nassrallah, T. A. Alahmari, Q. Saquib, M. A. Siddiqui, Y. Al-Sheikh, et al., "Biochemical and Molecular Investigation of In Vitro Antioxidant and Anticancer Activity Spectrum of Crude Extracts of Willow Leaves .", Plants (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 9, issue 10, 2020. Abstract2020_biochemical_and_molecular_investigation_of_in_vitroantioxidant_and_anticancer_activity_spectrum_ofcrude_extracts_of_willow_leavessalix_safsaf.pdf

Organic fractions and extracts of willow () leaves, produced by sequential solvent extraction as well as infusion and decoction, exhibited anticancer potencies in four cancerous cell lines, including breast (MCF-7), colorectal (HCT-116), cervical (HeLa) and liver (HepG2). Results of the MTT assay revealed that chloroform (CHCl) and ethyl acetate (EtOAc)-soluble fractions exhibited specific anticancer activities as marginal toxicities were observed against two non-cancerous control cell lines (BJ-1 and MCF-12). Ultra-high-resolution mass spectrometry Q-Exactive™ HF Hybrid Quadrupole-Orbitrap™ coupled with liquid chromatography (UHPLC) indicated that both extracts are enriched in features belonging to major phenolic and purine derivatives. Fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis (FACS), employing annexin V-FITC/PI double staining indicated that the observed cytotoxic potency was mediated via apoptosis. FACS analysis, monitoring the increase in fluorescence signal, associated with oxidation of DCFH to DCF, indicated that the mechanism of apoptosis is independent of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Results of immunoblotting and RT-qPCR assays showed that treatment with organic fractions under investigation resulted in significant up-regulation of pro-apoptotic protein and mRNA markers for Caspase-3, p53 and Bax, whereas it resulted in a significant reduction in amounts of both protein and mRNA of the anti-apoptotic marker Bcl-2. FACS analysis also indicated that pre-treatment and co-treatment of human amniotic epithelial (WISH) cells exposed to the ROS HO with EtOAc fraction provide a cytoprotective and antioxidant capacity against generated oxidative stress. In conclusion, our findings highlight the importance of natural phenolic and flavonoid compounds with unparalleled and unique antioxidant and anticancer properties.

El-Hallouty, S. M., A. A. F. Soliman, A. Nassrallah, A. Salamatullah, M. S. Alkaltham, K. Y. Kamal, E. A. Hanafy, H. S. Gaballa, and M. A. M. Aboul-Soud, "Crude Methanol Extract of Rosin Gum Exhibits Specific Cytotoxicity against Human Breast Cancer Cells via Apoptosis Induction.", Anti-cancer agents in medicinal chemistry, vol. 20, issue 8, pp. 1028-1036, 2020. Abstract2020_crude_methanol_extract_of_rosin_gum_exhibits_specific_cytotoxicity_against_human_breast_cancer_cells_via_apoptosis_induction.pdf

BACKGROUND: Rosin (Colophony) is a natural resin derived from species of the pine family Pinaceae. It has wide industrial applications including printing inks, photocopying paper, adhesives and varnishes, soap and soda. Rosin and its derivatives are employed as ingredients in various pharmaceutical products such as ointments and plasters. Rosin-based products contain allergens that may exert some occupational health problems such as asthma and contact dermatitis.

OBJECTIVE: Our knowledge of the pharmaceutical and medicinal properties of rosin is limited. The current study aims at investigating the cytotoxic potential of Rosin-Derived Crude Methanolic Extract (RD-CME) and elucidation of its mode-of-action against breast cancer cells (MCF-7 and MDA-MB231).

METHODS: Crude methanol extract was prepared from rosin. Its phenolic contents were analyzed by Reversed- Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-HPLC). Antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH radical-scavenging assay. Antiproliferation activity against MCF-7 and MDA-MB231 cancerous cells was investigated by MTT assay; its potency compared with doxorubicin as positive control and specificity were assessed compared to two non-cancerous cell lines (BJ-1 and MCF-12F). Selected apoptosis protein markers were assayed by western blotting. Cell cycle analysis was performed by Annexin V-FITC/PI FACS assay.

RESULTS: RD-CME exhibited significant and selective cytotoxicity against the two tested breast cancer cells (MCF-7 and MDA-MB231) compared to normal cells as revealed by MTT assay. ELISA and western blotting indicated that the observed antiproliferative activity of RD-CME is mediated via the engagement of an intrinsic apoptosis signaling pathway, as judged by enhanced expression of key pro-apoptotic protein markers (p53, Bax and Casp 3) relative to vehicle solvent-treated MCF-7 control cells.

CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first report to investigate the medicinal anticancer and antioxidant potential of crude methanolic extract derived from colophony rosin. We provided evidence that RD-CME exhibits strong antioxidant and anticancer effects. The observed cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 is proposed to take place via G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Colophony resin has a great potential to join the arsenal of plantderived natural anticancer drugs. Further thorough investigation of the potential cytotoxicity of RD-CME against various cancerous cell lines is required to assess the spectrum and potency of its novel activity.

Kamala, K. Y., M. Khodaeiaminjan, A. A. EL-tantawy, D. A. Moneim, A. A. Salama, S. M. A. I. Ash-shormillesya, A. Attiaa, M. A. S. Alie, R. Herranzf, M. A. El-Esawig, et al., Evaluation of growth and nutritional value of Brassica microgreens grown under red, blue and green LEDs combinations, , 2020.
Kamala, K. Y., M. Khodaeiaminjan, G. Yahya, A. A. EL-tantawy, D. A. Moneim, M. A. El-Esawi, M. Abd-Elaziz, and N. Amr, "Maize seedlings exhibit modulation of cell cycle progression and chromatin dynamic as tolerance machinery upon exposure to salinity and drought stress", Physiologia Plantarum, vol. 1, pp. 1-12, 2020. 2020_modulation_of_cell_cycle_progression_and_chromatin_dynamic_as.pdf
Abo-Salem, H. M., A. Nassrallah, A. A. F. Soliman, M. S. Ebied, M. E. Elawady, S. A. Abdelhamid, E. R. El-Sawy, Y. A. Al-Sheikh, and M. A. M. Aboul-Soud, "Synthesis and Bioactivity Assessment of Novel Spiro Pyrazole-Oxindole Congeners Exhibiting Potent and Selective in vitro Anticancer E ects", Molecules, 2020. molecules-25-01124-v2.pdf
Nassrallah, A., M. R. ´ e, C. Bourbousse, S. Drevensek, S. Fonseca, E. Iniesto, O. Ait-Mohamed, A. - F. Deton-Cabanillas, G. Zabulon, I. Ahmed, et al., DET1-mediated degradation of a SAGA-like deubiquitination module controls H2Bub homeostasis, : elife, 2018. elife-37892.pdf
Aboul-Enein, A. M., A. M. Al-Abd, E. Shalaby, F. Abul-Ela, A. A. Nasr-Allah, A. M. Mahmoud, and H. A. EL-SHEMY, "Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) solms: from water parasite to potential medicinal remedy.", Plant signaling & behavior, vol. 6, issue 6, pp. 834-6, 2011 Jun. Abstract

Water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) Solms, originating in the amazonian basin, is a warm water aquatic plant. Water hyacinth is considered one of the most productive plants on earth and, accordingly, is considered one of the top 10 world's worst weeds. Water hyacinth spread to other tropical and subtropical regions by humans. It invaded about 62 countries in Africa, Asia and North America, and propagated extremely serious ecological, economical and social problems in the region between 40 degrees north and 45 degrees south. The dense weed of water hyacinth forms dense monocultures that can threaten local native species diversity and change the physical and chemical aquatic environment, thus altering ecosystem structure and function by disrupting food chains and nutrient cycling. We have separated and identified nine active fractions from water hyacinth and showed their promising therapeutic activities. Several compounds (alkaloid, phthalate derivatives, propanoid and phenyl derivatives) were identified in the extract of water hyacinth.

El-Shemy, H. A., M. A. M. Aboul-Soud, A. A. Nassr-Allah, K. M. Aboul-Enein, A. Kabash, and A. Yagi, "Antitumor properties and modulation of antioxidant enzymes' activity by Aloe vera leaf active principles isolated via supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.", Current medicinal chemistry, vol. 17, issue 2, pp. 129-38, 2010. Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential anticancer properties and modulatory effect of selected Aloe vera (A. vera) active principles on antioxidant enzyme activities. Thus, three anthraquinones (Namely: aloesin, aloe-emodin and barbaloin) were extracted from A. vera leaves by supercritical fluid extraction and subsequently purified by high performance liquid chromatography. Additionally, the N-terminal octapeptide derived from verectin, a biologically active 14 kDa glycoprotein present in A. vera, was also tested. In vivo, active principles exhibited significant prolongation of the life span of tumor-transplanted animals in the following order: barbaloin> octapeptide> aloesin > aloe-emodin. A. vera active principles exhibited significant inhibition on Ehrlich ascite carcinoma cell (EACC) number, when compared to positive control group, in the following order: barbaloin> aloe-emodin > octapeptide > aloesin. Moreover, in trypan blue cell viability assay, active principles showed a significant concentration-dependent cytotoxicity against acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphocytes leukemia (ALL) cancerous cells. Furthermore, in MTT cell viability test, aloe-emodin was found to be active against two human colon cancer cell lines (i.e. DLD-1 and HT2), with IC(50) values of 8.94 and 10.78 microM, respectively. Treatments of human AML leukemic cells with active principles (100 microg ml(-1)) resulted in varying intensities of internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, hallmark of cells undergoing apoptosis, in the following order: aloe-emodin> aloesin> barbaloin> octapeptide. Intererstingly, treatment of EACC tumors with active principles resulted in a significant elevation activity of key antioxidant enzymes (SOD, GST, tGPx, and LDH). Our data suggest that the tested A. vera compounds may exert their chemo-preventive effect through modulating antioxidant and detoxification enzyme activity levels, as they are one of the indicators of tumorigenesis. These findings are discussed in the light of the potential of A. vera plant extracts for developing efficient, specific and non-toxic anticancer drugs that are affordable for developing countries.