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Sonousi, A., J. C. K. Quirke, P. Waduge, T. Janusic, M. Gysin, K. Haldimann, S. Xu, S. N. Hobbie, S. - H. Sha, J. Schacht, et al., "An Advanced Apralog with Increased in vitro and in vivo Activity toward Gram-negative Pathogens and Reduced ex vivo Cochleotoxicity", ChemMedChem, vol. 16, issue 2: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, pp. 335 - 339, 2021. AbstractWebsite

Abstract We describe the convergent synthesis of a 5-O-?-D-ribofuranosyl-based apramycin derivative (apralog) that displays significantly improved antibacterial activity over the parent apramycin against wild-type ESKAPE pathogens. In addition, the new apralog retains excellent antibacterial activity in the presence of the only aminoglycoside modifying enzyme (AAC(3)-IV) acting on the parent, without incurring susceptibility to the APH(3?) mechanism that disables other 5-O-?-D-ribofuranosyl 2-deoxystreptamine type aminoglycosides by phosphorylation at the ribose 5-position. Consistent with this antibacterial activity, the new apralog has excellent 30?nM activity (IC50) for the inhibition of protein synthesis by the bacterial ribosome in a cell-free translation assay, while retaining the excellent across-the-board selectivity of the parent for inhibition of bacterial over eukaryotic ribosomes. Overall, these characteristics translate into excellent in?vivo efficacy against E. coli in a mouse thigh infection model and reduced ototoxicity vis à vis the parent in mouse cochlear explants.

Bakr, R. O., S. S. Zaghloul, R. A. Hassan, A. Sonousi, R. Wasfi, and M. A. A. Fayed, "Antimicrobial activity of Vitex agnus-castus Essential Oil and Molecular Docking Study of Its Major Constituents", Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, vol. 23, issue 1: Taylor & Francis, pp. 184 - 193, 2020. AbstractWebsite


Quirke, J. C. K., P. Rajasekaran, V. A. Sarpe, A. Sonousi, I. Osinnii, M. Gysin, K. Haldimann, Q. - J. Fang, D. Shcherbakov, S. N. Hobbie, et al., "Apralogs: Apramycin 5-O-Glycosides and Ethers with Improved Antibacterial Activity and Ribosomal Selectivity and Reduced Susceptibility to the Aminoacyltransferase (3)-IV Resistance Determinant", Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 142, issue 1: American Chemical Society, pp. 530 - 544, 2020. AbstractWebsite