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Ghaith, D. M., R. M. Hassan, and A. Hasanin, "Rapid identification of nosocomial Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from a surgical intensive care unit in Egypt", Annals of Saudi Medicine, vol. 35, issue 6, pp. 440-4, 2015.
Gamal, R. M., M. Mostafa, A. M. Hasanin, S. A. Khedr, A. S. Abdelgalil, and M. M. Elshal, "Evaluation of the accuracy of oscillometric non-invasive blood pressure measurement at the ankle in children during general anesthesia.", Journal of clinical monitoring and computing, vol. 37, issue 5, pp. 1239-1245, 2023. Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of oscillometric blood pressure measurement at the ankle in children using invasive blood pressure as reference standard. This prospective observational study included children undergoing noncardiac surgery. Paired radial invasive and ankle non-invasive blood pressure measurements were obtained. Delta blood pressure was calculated as the difference between two consecutive readings. The primary outcome was the mean bias and agreement between the two methods using the Bland-Altman analysis. The ISO standard was fulfilled if the mean bias between the two methods was ≤ 5 ± 8 mmHg. Other outcomes included the trending ability of ankle blood pressure using the four-quadrant plot and the accuracy of ankle measurement to detect hypotension using area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. We analyzed 683 paired readings from 86 children. The mean bias between the two methods for systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure (SBP, DBP, MAP) was - 7.2 ± 10.7, 4.5 ± 12.8, and - 1.8 ± 8.2 mmHg, respectively. The concordance rate of ankle blood pressure was 72%, 71%, and 77% for delta SBP, DBP and MAP, respectively. The AUC (95% confidence interval) for ankle MAP ability to detect hypotension was 0.91 (0.89-0.93) with negative predictive value of 100% at cut-off value ≤ 70 mmHg, We concluded that in pediatric population undergoing noncardiac surgery, ankle blood pressure was not interchangeable with the corresponding invasive readings with the ankle MAP having the least bias compared to SBP and DBP. An ankle MAP > 70 mmHg can exclude hypotension with negative predictive value of 100%.

Gamal, M., B. A. Elhamid, D. Zakaria, O. A. E. Dayem, A. Rady, M. Fawzy, and A. Hasanin, "Evaluation of Noninvasive Hemoglobin Monitoring in Trauma Patients with Low Hemoglobin Levels.", Shock (Augusta, Ga.), vol. 49, issue 2, pp. 150-153, 2018 Feb. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Bleeding is a leading cause of death among trauma patients. Delayed assessment of blood hemoglobin level might result in either unnecessary blood transfusion in nonindicated patients or delayed blood transfusion in critically bleeding patients. In this study, we evaluate the precision of noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring in trauma patients with low hemoglobin levels.

METHODS: We included trauma patients with low hemoglobin levels (less than 8 g/dL) scheduled for surgical intervention. Blood samples were obtained on admission and after each blood unit with concomitant measurement of serum hemoglobin using radical-7 Masimo device. The change in blood hemoglobin after every transfused blood unit was also assessed by both methods (change in noninvasive Masimo hemoglobin [Delta-Sp-Hb] and change in laboratory hemoglobin [Delta-Lab-Hb]). The precision of Masimo hemoglobin level (Sp-Hb) compared with Laboratory hemoglobin level (Lab-Hb) was determined using both Bland-Altman and Pearson correlation analyses.

RESULTS: One hundred eighty-four time-matched samples were available for final analysis. Bland-Altman analysis showed excellent accuracy of Sp-Hb compared with Lab-Hb with mean bias of 0.12 g/dL and limits of agreement between -0.56 g/dL and 0.79 g/dL. Excellent correlation was reported between both measures with Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.872. Excellent agreement was also reported between both Delta-Sp-Hb and Delta-Lab-Hb with mean bias of -0.05 and limits of agreement from -0.62 to 0.51 CONCLUSIONS:: Sp-Hb showed accurate precision in both absolute values and trend values compared with Lab-Hb measurement in trauma patients with low hemoglobin levels.

Gamal, M., A. Hasanin, N. Adly, M. Mostafa, A. M. Yonis, A. Rady, N. M. AbdAllah, M. Ibrahim, and M. Elsayad, "Thermal Imaging to Predict Failed Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block: A Prospective Observational Study.", Local and regional anesthesia, vol. 16, pp. 71-80, 2023. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Successful brachial plexus blockade produces sympathetic blockade, resulting in increased skin temperature in the blocked segments. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of infrared thermography in predicting failed segmental supraclavicular brachial plexus block.

METHODS: This prospective observational study included adult patients undergoing upper-limb surgery under supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Sensation was evaluated at the dermatomal distribution of the ulnar, median, and radial nerves. Block failure was defined as absence of complete sensory loss 30 min after block completion. Skin temperature was evaluated by infrared thermography at the dermatomal supply of the ulnar, median, and radial nerves at baseline, 5, 10, 15, and 20 min after block completion. The temperature change from the baseline measurement was calculated for each time point. Outcomes were the ability of temperature change at each site to predict failed block of the corresponding nerve using area under receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) analysis.

RESULTS: Eighty patients were available for the final analysis. The AUC (95% confidence interval [CI]) for the ability of temperature change at 5 min to predict failed ulnar, median, and radial nerve block was 0.79 (0.68-0.87), 0.77 (0.67-0.86), and 0.79 (0.69-0.88). The AUC (95% CI) increased progressively and reached its maximum values at 15 min (ulnar nerve 0.98 [0.92-1.00], median nerve 0.97 [0.90-0.99], radial nerve 0.96 [0.89-0.99]) with negative predictive value of 100%.

CONCLUSION: Infrared thermography of different skin segments provides an accurate tool for predicting failed supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Increased skin temperature at each segment can exclude block failure in the corresponding nerve with 100% accuracy.

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