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Journal Article
Elhamid, B. A., mohamed emam, M. Mostafa, A. Hasanin, W. Awada, A. Rady, and H. Omar, "The ability of perfusion index to detect segmental ulnar nerve sparing after supraclavicular nerve block.", Journal of clinical monitoring and computing, vol. 34, issue 6, pp. 1185-1191, 2020. Abstract

Supraclavicular nerve block (SCB) is a commonly used regional block for upper extremity surgery. The most common form of failure of SCB is ulnar segmental sparing. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of perfusion index (PI) in early detection of segmental sparing of the ulnar component of SCB. A prospective observational study included adult patients scheduled for surgery under ultrasound-guided SCB. PI was simultaneously measured at the index finger and little finger. PI was recorded every minute for the first 10 min after SCB. PI ratio was calculated at every measurement point as PI/baseline PI. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve was calculated for the ability of PI ratio to detect segmental ulnar sparing with comparison of little finger readings to the index finger readings. Forty-nine patients were available for the final analysis. Nine patients (18%) had segmental ulnar sparing. PI ratio at the little finger showed excellent predictive ability for ulnar sparing starting from the fifth minute (AUROC 0.92 [0.8-0.98], cutoff value ≤ 1.71) and reached the highest value at the seventh minute (AUROC 0.96 [0.86-1], cutoff value ≤ 1.35), whereas PI ratio at the index finger showed poor predictive ability. When using the PI for evaluation of successful SCB, segmental ulnar sparing could be accurately detected when the PI was measured at the little finger and not at the index finger. An increase of 71% in PI at the little finger 5 min after SCB could accurately rule out ulnar sparing.Clinical trial identifier NCT03880201. Clinical trial registration https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03880201?term=NCT03880201&draw=2&rank=1 .

Hasanin, A., N. Karam, A. H. M. E. D. M. MUKHTAR, and S. F. Habib, "The ability of pulse oximetry-derived peripheral perfusion index to detect fluid responsiveness in patients with septic shock.", Journal of anesthesia, vol. 35, issue 2, pp. 254-261, 2021. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fluid challenge test is a widely used method for the detection of fluid responsiveness in acute circulatory failure. However, detection of the patient's response to the fluid challenge requires monitoring of cardiac output which is not feasible in many settings. We investigated whether the changes in the pulse oximetry-derived peripheral perfusion index (PPI), as a non-invasive surrogate of cardiac output, can detect fluid responsiveness using the fluid challenge test or not.

METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 58 patients with septic shock on norepinephrine infusion. Fluid challenge test, using 200 mL crystalloid solution, was performed in all study subjects. All patients received an additional 300 mL crystalloid infusion to confirm fluid responsiveness. Velocity time integral (VTI) (using transthoracic echocardiography), and PPI were measured at the baseline, after 200 mL fluid challenge, and after completion of 500 mL crystalloids. Fluid responsiveness was defined by 10% increase in the VTI after completion of the 500 mL. The predictive ability of ∆PPI [Calculated as (PPI after 200 mL - baseline PPI)/baseline PPI] to detect fluid responders was obtained using the receiver operating characteristic curve.

RESULTS: Forty-two patients (74%) were fluid responders; in whom, the mean arterial pressure, the central venous pressure, the VTI, and the PPI increased after fluid administration compared to the baseline values. ∆PPI showed moderate ability to detect fluid responders [area under receiver operating characteristic curve (95% confidence interval) 0.82 (0.70-0.91), sensitivity 76%, specificity 80%, positive predictive value 92%, negative predictive value 54%, cutoff value ≥ 5%]. There was a significant correlation between ∆PPI and ∆VTI induced by the fluid challenge.

CONCLUSION: ∆PPI showed moderate ability to detect fluid responsiveness in patients with septic shock on norepinephrine infusion. Increased PPI after 200 mL crystalloid challenge can detect fluid responsiveness with a positive predictive value of 92%; however, failure of the PPI to increase does not exclude fluid responsiveness.

CLINICAL TRIAL IDENTIFIER: NCT03805321. Date of registration: 15 January 2019. Clinical trial registration URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03805321?term=ahmed+hasanin&rank=9 .

Adel, A., W. Awada, B. A. Elhamid, H. Omar, O. A. E. Dayem, A. Hasanin, and A. Rady, "Accuracy and trending of non-invasive hemoglobin measurement during different volume and perfusion statuses.", Journal of clinical monitoring and computing, 2018 Jan 15. Abstract

The evolution of non-invasive hemoglobin measuring technology would save time and improve transfusion practice. The validity of pulse co-oximetry hemoglobin (SpHb) measurement in the perioperative setting was previously evaluated; however, the accuracy of SpHb in different volume statuses as well as in different perfusion states was not well investigated. The aim of this work is to evaluate the accuracy and trending of SpHb in comparison to laboratory hemoglobin (Lab-Hb) during acute bleeding and after resuscitation. Seventy patients scheduled for major orthopedic procedures with anticipated major blood loss were included. Radical-7 device was used for continuous assessment of SpHb, volume status [via pleth variability index (PVI)] and perfusion status [via perfusion index (PI)]. Lab-Hb and SpHb were measured at three time-points, a baseline reading, after major bleeding, and after resuscitation. Samples were divided into fluid-responsive and fluid non-responsive samples, and were also divided into high-PI and low-PI samples. Accuracy of SpHb was determined using Bland-Altman analysis. Trending of SpHb was evaluated using polar plot analysis. We obtained 210 time-matched readings. Fluid non-responsive samples were 106 (50.5%) whereas fluid responsive samples were 104 (49.5%). Excellent correlation was reported between Lab-Hb and SpHb (r = 0.938). Excellent accuracy with moderate levels of agreement was also reported between both measures among all samples, fluid non-responsive samples, fluid-responsive samples, high-PI samples, and low-PI samples [Mean bias (limits of agreement): 0.01 (- 1.33 and 1.34) g/dL, - 0.08 (- 1.27 and 1.11) g/dL, 0.09 (- 1.36 and 1.54) g/dL, 0.01 (- 1.34 to 1.31) g/dL, and 0.04 (- 1.31 to 1.39) g/dL respectively]. Polar plot analysis showed good trending ability for SpHb as a follow up monitor. In conclusion, SpHb showed excellent correlation with Lab-Hb in fluid responders, fluid non-responders, low-PI, and high PI states. Despite a favorable mean bias of 0.01 g/dL for SpHb, the relatively wide levels of agreement (- 1.3 to 1.3 g/dL) might limit its accuracy. SpHb showed good performance as a trend monitor.

Mostafa, M. M. A., A. M. Hasanin, F. Alhamade, B. A. Elhamid, A. G. Safina, S. M. Kasem, Osama Hosny, M. Mahmoud, E. fouad, A. Rady, et al., "Accuracy and trending of non-invasive oscillometric blood pressure monitoring at the wrist in obese patients.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 39, issue 2, pp. 221-227, 2020. Abstract

BACKGROUND: In obese patients, non-invasive blood pressure monitoring in the arm is difficult due to the arm size and morphology. We compared the non-invasive oscillometric wrist blood pressure measurement with the arm and forearm in obese patients monitored with invasive radial blood pressure (reference standard).

METHODS: This prospective observational study included adult obese patients scheduled for bariatric surgery. Non-invasive blood pressure was measured at the arm, upper forearm and wrist of one upper extremity, while invasive blood pressure was simultaneously measured through a radial arterial catheter in the contralateral upper extremity. The accuracy of non-invasive blood pressure reading at each site was evaluated for absolute and trending values using the Bland-Altman analysis and Spearman's correlation coefficient.

RESULTS: In 40 patients, 262, 259, and 263 pairs of non-invasive blood pressure readings were obtained from the arm, forearm, and wrist sites, respectively. As primary outcome, the correlation coefficient for systolic blood pressure was higher for the wrist (0.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) [0.9-0.94]) than for the arm (0.74, 95% CI [0.68-0.79]) and the forearm (0.71, 95% CI [0.64-0.76]) (P<0.05). The non-invasive systolic wrist blood pressure showed the least mean bias and the narrowest limits of agreement (-0.3±7.6mmHg) when compared with forearm (4.3±16) and arm measurements (14.2±13.6) (P<0.05). For trending values, the correlation coefficient was the highest at the wrist.

CONCLUSION: In obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery, non-invasive blood pressure measured at the wrist showed the highest accuracy in comparison with the arm and forearm.

Refaat, S., M. Mostafa, A. Hasanin, N. Rujubali, R. Fouad, and Y. Hassabelnaby, "Accuracy of noninvasive blood pressure measured at the ankle during cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia.", Journal of clinical monitoring and computing, vol. 35, issue 5, pp. 1211-1218, 2021. Abstract

In this study, we evaluated the accuracy of oscillometric noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) measured at the ankle in detecting low arm NIBP during cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia. In this prospective observational study, a cohort of full-term mothers undergoing elective cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia was examined. Simultaneous NIBP measurements were obtained from the arm and the ankle. The primary outcome was the accuracy of the ankle NIBP in detecting arm systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 90 mmHg. Other outcomes included the accuracy of ankle NIBP in detecting SBP < 80% of the baseline value. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was calculated to evaluate the accuracy of ankle NIBP in detecting low arm NIBP. The Bland-Altman analysis was conducted to evaluate the agreement between values. We analyzed 1729 pairs of readings obtained from 97 mothers. Ankle SBP showed good accuracy in detecting SBP < 90 mmHg, with an AUC (95% confidence interval [CI]) of 0.90 (0.89-0.91) and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 99 (98-99%) at a cutoff value of ≤ 103 mmHg. Furthermore, ankle SBP showed good accuracy in detecting SBP < 80% of the baseline value, with an AUC (95% CI) of 0.84 (0.82-0.89) and an NPV of 95 (93-96%) at a cutoff value of ≤ 76% of the ankle baseline SBP. The mean bias between the two sites of measurement was - 5.4 ± 15.5, - 2.0 ± 11, and 0.5 ± 12.1 mmHg for SBP, diastolic blood pressure, and mean arterial pressure, respectively. In conclusion, ankle NIBP measurement is not interchangeable with arm NIBP measurement. However, ankle NIBP measurement showed good accuracy for ruling out low arm NIBP during a cesarean delivery.Clinical trial rejistration: NCT04199156.

Mostafa, M., A. M. Hasanin, O. S. Elsayed, M. M. Mostafa, and K. Sarhan, "Accuracy of oscillometric blood pressure measurement at both arms in the lateral position.", Blood pressure monitoring, vol. 26, issue 5, pp. 364-372, 2021. Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) measurement at the dependent- and nondependent arms in the lateral position, using invasive blood pressure (IBP) as reference.

METHODS: This prospective observational study included 42 adult patients undergoing surgery in the lateral position. Paired readings of IBP and NIBP were obtained at either arm. The accuracy of both arms in detecting mean arterial pressure (MAP) <70 mmHg was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The agreement between the IBP and NIBP was evaluated using the Bland-Altman and error grid analyses.

RESULTS: We analyzed 350 and 347 paired readings at the dependent- and nondependent arms. The AUC for detecting hypotension was comparable in both arms. The negative and positive predictive values (95% confidence interval) were 100% (99-100%) and 24% (14-34%), respectively for the dependent arm at cutoff value MAP ≤86 mmHg; and were 99% (96-100%) and 21% (13-30%), respectively for the nondependent arm at cutoff value MAP ≤75 mmHg. The mean bias for MAP was -6.0 ± 9.1 and 6.3 ± 10.1 mmHg; and for systolic blood pressure was 0.3 ± 11.6 and 13.2 ± 12.6 mmHg, in the dependent- and nondependent arm, respectively. Error grid analysis showed that the proportions of paired MAP readings in risk zone A were 71 and 82% in the dependent- and the nondependent arms, respectively.

CONCLUSION: In the lateral position, the NIBP readings at both arms are not interchangeable with the corresponding IBP readings. However, NIBP measurement at both arms can be used to accurately rule out hypotension.

Mostafa, M., M. Saeed, A. Hasanin, S. Badawy, and D. KHALED, "Accuracy of thyromental height test for predicting difficult intubation in elderly.", Journal of anesthesia, vol. 34, issue 2, pp. 217-223, 2020. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Studies of the accuracy of different airway tests are lacking in elderly. We evaluated and compared the accuracy of thyromental height in predicting difficult intubation in relation to the other traditional airway tests in elderly.

METHODS: We included 120 patients aged ≥ 65 years scheduled for general anesthesia with tracheal intubation. Thyromental height, modified Mallampati test, thyromental distance and sternomental distance were evaluated. Cormack-Lehane grade > 2 was considered difficult laryngoscopy. Difficult tracheal intubation was considered if successful intubation required more than 2 attempts. The accuracy of different tests in predicting difficult intubation and difficult laryngoscopy were evaluated through area under receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curves. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify risk factors for difficult intubation and difficult laryngoscopy.

RESULTS: Our cohort had a mean age of 71(7) years. We encountered difficult laryngoscopy in 15/120 (12%) patients, difficult intubation in 20/120 (17%) patients, and failed laryngoscopy requiring alternative methods for securing the airway in 3/120 (3%) patients. For predicting difficult intubation, thyromental height and modified Mallampati test showed the highest accuracy AUROC (95% confidence interval): 0.9 (0.83-0.95), cut-off value ≤ 5.9 cm, and AUROC (95% confidence interval): 0.89 (0.82-0.94), cut-off value > 2, respectively. Low thyromental height and high modified Mallampati test were the only independent risk factors for difficult laryngoscopy and difficult intubation.

CONCLUSION: In elderly scheduled for elective procedure, both thyromental height and modified Mallampati tests showed good accuracy in predicting difficult intubation and difficult laryngoscopy, whilst thyromental distance and sternomental distance were poor predictors.

Mukhtar, A., A. Rady, A. Hasanin, ahmed lotfy, akram eladawy, A. Hussein, I. El-Hefnawy, M. Hassan, and hanan mostafa, "Admission SpO and ROX index predict outcome in patients with COVID-19.", The American journal of emergency medicine, vol. 50, pp. 106-110, 2021. Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of pulse oximetry-derived oxygen saturation (SpO) on room air, determined at hospital admission, as a predictor for the need for mechanical ventilatory support in patients with Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19).

METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, demographic and clinical details of the patients were obtained during ICU admission. SpO and respiratory rate (RR) on room air were determined within the first 6 h of hospital admission. As all measurements were obtained on room air, we calculated the simplified respiratory rate‑oxygenation (ROX) index by dividing the SpO by the RR. Based on the use of any assistance of mechanical ventilator (invasive or noninvasive), patients were divided into mechanical ventilation (MV) group and oxygen therapy group. The accuracy of the SpO, CT score, and ROX index to predict the need to MV were determined using the Area under receiver operating curve (AUC).

RESULTS: We included 72 critically ill patients who tested COVID-19-positive. SpO on the room air could predict any MV requirement (AUC [95% confidence interval]: 0.9 [0.8-0.96], sensitivity: 70%, specificity 100%, cut-off value ≤78%, P < 0.001). Within the MV group, the use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) was successful in 37 (74%) patients, whereas 13 patients (26%) required endotracheal intubation. The cut-off ROX value for predicting early NIV failure was ≤1.4, with a sensitivity of 85%, a specificity of 86%, and an AUC of 0.86 (95% confidence interval of 0.73-0.94, P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS: A baseline SpO ≤78% is an excellent predictor of MV requirement with a positive predictive value of 100%. Moreover, the ROX index measured within the first 6 h of hospital admission is a good indicator of early NIV failure.

Fathy, S., A. Hasanin, M. Mostafa, E. Ramzy, K. Sarhan, T. Almenesey, A. G. Safina, Osama Hosny, G. A. Hamden, A. A. Gado, et al., "The benefit of adding lidocaine to ketamine during rapid sequence endotracheal intubation in patients with septic shock: A randomised controlled trial.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 40, issue 1, pp. 100731, 2021. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with septic shock commonly require endotracheal intubation under general anaesthesia in the operating theatre, the emergency department, and the intensive care unit. Hypotension is a serious complication after induction of general anaesthesia, especially in patients with circulatory failure. No randomised controlled trials had previously investigated protocols for induction of anaesthesia in septic shock patients. The aim of the current work is to compare two protocols, lidocaine-ketamine combination versus ketamine full-dose for rapid-sequence endotracheal intubation in patients with septic shock.

METHODS: Forty-four adult patients, with septic shock, scheduled for emergency surgical intervention were enrolled in this randomised, double-blinded, controlled study. Patients were randomised to receive either 1 mg/kg ketamine (ketamine group, n = 22) or 0.5 mg/kg ketamine plus 1 mg/kg lidocaine (ketamine-lidocaine group, n = 22) for induction of anaesthesia in addition to 0.05 mg/kg midazolam (in both groups). Our primary outcome was the mean arterial pressure (MAP). Other outcomes included frequency of post-induction hypotension, heart rate, and cardiac output.

RESULTS: Forty-three patients were available for final analysis. The average MAP reading in the first 5 min post-induction was higher in ketamine-lidocaine group than in the ketamine group {82.8 ± 5.6 mmHg and 73 ± 10.2 mmHg, P < 0.001}. Furthermore, the incidence of post-intubation hypotension was lower in the ketamine-lidocaine group than in the ketamine group {1 patient (5%) versus 17 patients (77%), P < 0.001}. The ketamine-lidocaine group showed higher MAP in almost all the readings after induction compared to ketamine group. Other haemodynamic variables including cardiac output and heart rate were comparable between both study groups.

CONCLUSION: Lidocaine-ketamine combination showed less incidence of hypotension compared to ketamine full-dose when used for rapid-sequence endotracheal intubation in patients with septic shock. REGISTRATION URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03844984?cond=NCT03844984&amp;rank=1.

Hassabelnaby, Y. S., A. M. Hasanin, N. Adly, M. M. A. Mostafa, S. Refaat, E. fouad, M. Elsonbaty, H. A. Hussein, M. Mahmoud, Y. M. Abdelwahab, et al., "Comparison of two Norepinephrine rescue bolus for Management of Post-spinal Hypotension during Cesarean Delivery: a randomized controlled trial.", BMC anesthesiology, vol. 20, issue 1, pp. 84, 2020. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Data on the best norepinephrine bolus dose for management of hypotension are limited. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of two norepinephrine bolus doses in the rescue management of maternal hypotension during cesarean delivery.

METHODS: This randomized, controlled trial included mothers scheduled for cesarean delivery with spinal anesthesia with a prophylactic norepinephrine infusion. Following spinal anaesthesia administration, a participant was considered hypotensive if systolic blood pressure was ≤80% compared to the baseline reading. Participants were allocated to receive either 6 mcg or 10 mcg norepinephrine bolus for the management of hypotensive episodes. The hemodynamic response after administration of norepinephrine bolus was recorded. The episode was considered successfully managed if systolic blood pressure returned to within 80% from the baseline reading within 2 min after norepinephrine bolus administration, and did not drop again within 6 min after the norepinephrine bolus. The primary outcome was the incidence of successful management of the first hypotensive episode. Other outcomes included systolic blood pressure, heart rate, incidence of maternal bradycardia, and reactive hypertension.

RESULTS: One hundred and ten mothers developed hypotensive episodes and received norepinephrine boluses for management. The number of successfully managed first hypotensive episodes was 50/57 (88%) in the 6 mcg-treated episodes and 45/53 (85%) in the 10 mcg-treated episodes (p = 0.78). Systolic blood pressure was comparable after administration of either bolus dose. Heart rate was lower after administration of 10 mcg bolus compared to 6 mcg bolus, without significant bradycardia requiring atropine administration. The incidence of reactive hypertension was comparable between both groups.

CONCLUSION: In mothers undergoing elective cesarean delivery under prophylactic norepinephrine infusion at 0.05 mcg/kg/min, there was no advantage to the use of 10 mcg norepinephrine bolus over 6 mcg norepinephrine bolus for the rescue management of first hypotensive episode. Neither of the 2 bolus doses reached a 100% success rate. The incidences of bradycardia and reactive hypertension were comparable between both norepinephrine doses.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: At clinicaltrial.gov registry system on January 4, 2019 Clinical trial identifier: NCT03792906.

Hasanin, A., K. de Vasconcellos, and M. Abdulatif, "COVID-19 in Africa: Current difficulties and future challenges considering the ACCCOS study.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 40, issue 4, pp. 100912, 2021.
Habib, S., A. Mukhtar, H. Abdelreeem, M. Khorshied, R. E. Sayed, M. Hafez, H. Gouda, doaa ghaith, A. Hasanin, A. El-adawy, et al., "Diagnostic values of CD64, C-reactive protein and procalcitonin in ventilator-associated pneumonia in adult trauma patients: a pilot study", Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, vol. 54, issue 5, pp. 889-95, 2016.
Helmy, M. A., L. Magdy Milad, S. H. Osman, M. A. Ali, and A. Hasanin, "Diaphragmatic excursion: A possible key player for predicting successful weaning in patients with severe COVID-19.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 40, issue 3, pp. 100875, 2021.
Zayed, M., H. Nassar, A. Hasanin, A. H. Saleh, P. Hassan, D. Saad, S. A. H. A. R. MAHMOUD, G. A. Bakr, E. fouad, N. Saleh, et al., "Effects of nitroglycerin versus labetalol on peripheral perfusion during deliberate hypotension for sinus endoscopic surgery: a randomized, controlled, double-blinded trial.", BMC anesthesiology, vol. 20, issue 1, pp. 85, 2020. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Deliberate hypotension is used to provide a bloodless field during functional endoscopic sinus surgery; however, the impact of controlled hypotension during anesthesia on peripheral tissue perfusion has not been extensively evaluated. The aim of this study was to compare the impact of nitroglycerin- versus labetalol-induced hypotension on peripheral perfusion.

METHODS: The present randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial included adult patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery. Patients were allocated to one of two groups according to the drug received for induction of deliberate hypotension: nitroglycerin (n = 20) or labetalol (n = 20). Mean arterial pressure was maintained at 55-65 mmHg in both groups. Both study groups were compared according to pulse oximeter-derived peripheral perfusion index (primary outcome), serum lactate level, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, surgical field score, and intraoperative blood loss.

RESULTS: Forty patients were included in the final analysis. The nitroglycerin group exhibited a higher peripheral perfusion index at nearly all records (p < 0.0001) and lower postoperative serum lactate levels (1.3 ± 0.2 mmol/L vs. 1.7 ± 0.4 mmol/L; p = 0.001) than the labetalol group. The peripheral perfusion index was higher in the nitroglycerin group than at baseline at most intraoperative readings. The median surgical field score was modestly lower in the labetalol group than in the nitroglycerin group in the first 20 min (2 [interquartile range (IQR) 2-2.5] versus 1.5 [IQR 1-2]; p = 0.001). Both groups demonstrated comparable and acceptable surgical field scores in all subsequent readings.

CONCLUSION: Nitroglycerin-induced deliberate hypotension was accompanied by higher peripheral perfusion index and lower serum lactate levels than labetalol-induced deliberate hypotension during sinus endoscopic surgery.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered at clinicaltrials registry system with trial number: NCT03809065. Registered at 19 January 2019. This study adheres to CONSORT guidelines.

Abdulatif, M., M. Fawzy, H. Nassar, A. Hasanin, M. Ollaek, and H. Mohamed, "The effects of perineural dexmedetomidine on the pharmacodynamic profile of femoral nerve block: a dose-finding randomised, controlled, double-blind study", Anaesthesia, vol. 71, issue 10, pp. 1177-85, 2016.
Eltrabili, H. H., A. Hasanin, M. S. Soliman, A. M. Lotfy, W. I. Hamimy, and A. H. M. E. D. M. MUKHTAR, "Evaluation of Diaphragmatic Ultrasound Indices as Predictors of Successful Liberation From Mechanical Ventilation in Subjects With Abdominal Sepsis", Respiratory Care, vol. 64, issue 5, pp. 564-569, 2019.
Hasanin, A., and M. Mostafa, "Evaluation of fluid responsiveness during COVID-19 pandemic: what are the remaining choices?", Journal of anesthesia, vol. 34, pp. 758-764, 2020.
Sabry, R., A. Hasanin, S. Refaat, S. A. E. Raouf, A. S. Abdallah, and N. Helmy, "Evaluation of Gastric Residual Volume in Fasting Diabetic Patients Using Gastric Ultrasound", Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol. 63, issue 5, pp. 615-619, 2019.
Hasanin, A., A. Abdelmottaleb, H. Elhadi, A. S. Arafa, and M. Mostafa, "Evaluation of gastric residual volume using ultrasound in fasting patients with uncomplicated appendicitis scheduled for appendectomy.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 40, issue 3, pp. 100869, 2021.
Kamel, M. M., A. Hasanin, B. Nawar, M. Mostafa, V. F. Jacob, H. Elhadi, W. Alsadek, and S. A. Elmetwally, "Evaluation of noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring in children with congenital heart diseases.", Paediatric anaesthesia, vol. 30, issue 5, pp. 571-576, 2020. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Noninvasive measurement of blood hemoglobin could save time and decrease the risk of anemia and infection. The accuracy of CO-oximetry-derived noninvasive hemoglobin (Sp-Hb) had been evaluated in pediatric population; however, its accuracy in children with congenital heart disease has not been studied till date. We evaluated the accuracy of Sp-Hb in relation to laboratory-measured hemoglobin (Lab-Hb) in children with congenital heart disease.

METHODS: This prospective observational study included children with congenital heart disease undergoing procedural intervention. Sp-Hb measurements were obtained using Radical-7 Masimo pulse CO-oximeter and were compared against simultaneous Lab-Hb measurements obtained from the arterial line. Children were divided in cyanotic and acyanotic, and separate analysis was performed for each group. The values of both measurements were analyzed using Spearman's correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman analysis. Correlation was performed between Sp-Hb and Lab-Hb bias and each of arterial oxygen saturation and perfusion index.

RESULTS: One-hundred and eleven pairs of readings were obtained from 65 children. The median (quartiles) age and weight of the children were 1 (1.2-4) years and 11 (8-17) kg, respectively. There was moderate correlation between Lab-Hb and Sp-Hb with a correlation coefficient (95% confidence interval [CI]) of 0.75 (0.63-0.83) in acyanotic children and 0.62 (0.37-0.79) in cyanotic children. The mean bias (95% limits of agreements) was -0.4 g/dL (-2.4 to 1.6 g/dL) and 1 g/dL (-2.7 to 4.6 g/dL) in acyanotic and cyanotic children, respectively. The mean bias between Sp-Hb and Lab-Hb showed a weak negative correlation with oxygen saturation (r [95% CI]): (-0.36 [-0.51--0.18]), and a weak positive correlation with the perfusion index (r [95% CI]): (0.19 [0.01-0.37]).

CONCLUSION: The large bias and the wide limits of agreement between Sp-Hb and Lab-Hb denote that Masimo-derived Sp-Hb is not accurate in children with congenital heart disease especially in the cyanotic group; the error in Sp-Hb increases when oxygen saturation decreases.

Gamal, M., B. A. Elhamid, D. Zakaria, O. A. E. Dayem, A. Rady, M. Fawzy, and A. Hasanin, "Evaluation of Noninvasive Hemoglobin Monitoring in Trauma Patients with Low Hemoglobin Levels.", Shock (Augusta, Ga.), vol. 49, issue 2, pp. 150-153, 2018 Feb. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Bleeding is a leading cause of death among trauma patients. Delayed assessment of blood hemoglobin level might result in either unnecessary blood transfusion in nonindicated patients or delayed blood transfusion in critically bleeding patients. In this study, we evaluate the precision of noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring in trauma patients with low hemoglobin levels.

METHODS: We included trauma patients with low hemoglobin levels (less than 8 g/dL) scheduled for surgical intervention. Blood samples were obtained on admission and after each blood unit with concomitant measurement of serum hemoglobin using radical-7 Masimo device. The change in blood hemoglobin after every transfused blood unit was also assessed by both methods (change in noninvasive Masimo hemoglobin [Delta-Sp-Hb] and change in laboratory hemoglobin [Delta-Lab-Hb]). The precision of Masimo hemoglobin level (Sp-Hb) compared with Laboratory hemoglobin level (Lab-Hb) was determined using both Bland-Altman and Pearson correlation analyses.

RESULTS: One hundred eighty-four time-matched samples were available for final analysis. Bland-Altman analysis showed excellent accuracy of Sp-Hb compared with Lab-Hb with mean bias of 0.12 g/dL and limits of agreement between -0.56 g/dL and 0.79 g/dL. Excellent correlation was reported between both measures with Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.872. Excellent agreement was also reported between both Delta-Sp-Hb and Delta-Lab-Hb with mean bias of -0.05 and limits of agreement from -0.62 to 0.51 CONCLUSIONS:: Sp-Hb showed accurate precision in both absolute values and trend values compared with Lab-Hb measurement in trauma patients with low hemoglobin levels.

Mukhtar, A., I. Rasmy, hossam mohamed, and N. Nabil, "Evaluation of Perfusion Index as a Predictor of Vasopressor Requirement in Patients with Severe Sepsis", shock, vol. 44, issue 6, pp. 554-9, 2015.
Hasanin, A., S. A. R. Mohamed, and A. El-adawy, "Evaluation of perfusion index as a tool for pain assessment in critically ill patients", Journal of clinical monitoring and computing, vol. 31, issue 5, pp. 961-65, 2017.
hanan mostafa, M. Shaban, A. Hasanin, H. Mohamed, S. Fathy, H. M. Abdelreheem, ahmed lotfy, and A. Abougabal, "Evaluation of peripheral perfusion index and heart rate variability as early predictors for intradialytic hypotension in critically ill patients.", BMC Anesthesiology, vol. 19, issue 1, pp. 242, 2019.
Mahmoud, M., A. M. Hasanin, M. Mostafa, F. Alhamade, B. A. Elhamid, and M. Elsherbeeny, "Evaluation of super-obesity and super-super-obesity as risk factors for difficult intubation in patients undergoing bariatric surgery.", Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery, vol. 17, issue 7, pp. 1279-1285, 2021. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Super-obesity is a serious disorder which requires bariatric surgery. The association of super-obesity and difficult intubation was not adequately established.

OBJECTIVES: To determine if super-obesity and super-super-obesity are associated with difficult intubation or not.

SETTING: University Hospital.

METHODS: A cohort of obese patients scheduled for bariatric surgery was prospectively recruited. Super-obesity and super-super-obesity were defined as body mass index ≥50 kg/m and 60 kg/m, respectively. Intubation difficulty was assessed by 2 methods: (1) intubation difficulty scale; (2) number of intubation attempts. Risk factors for difficult intubation were recorded. Univariate and multivariate analysis for risk factors for difficult intubation and difficult mask ventilation were performed.

RESULTS: A total of 658 patients were enrolled in the study including 205 (31%) super-obese and 52 (8%) super-super-obese patients. Ninety-nine (15%) patients required more than 1 intubation attempt, while 215 (33%) patients had intubation difficulty scale ≥5. Ninety-four (14.4%) patients had mask ventilation of moderate difficulty, while only 2 (.3%) patients needed 2-person ventilation. The independent risk factors for difficult intubation using the two stated definitions were STOP-Bang and Mallampati score values. The independent risk factors for mask ventilation of moderate difficulty were STOP-Bang score, Mallampati score, and limited neck extension.

CONCLUSION: Within obese patients, neither super-obesity nor super-super-obesity was associated with difficult intubation or difficult mask ventilation. High STOP-Bang and Mallampati score are the independent factors for difficult intubation.

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