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2023
Hasanin, A., N. Karam, M. Mostafa, A. Abdelnasser, W. Hamimy, A. Z. Fouad, akram eladawy, and ahmed lotfy, "THE ACCURACY OF INFERIOR VENA CAVA DISTENSIBILITY THROUGH THE TRANSHEPATIC APPROACH TO PREDICT FLUID RESPONSIVENESS IN PATIENTS WITH SEPTIC SHOCK AFTER EMERGENCY LAPAROTOMY.", Shock (Augusta, Ga.), vol. 60, issue 4, pp. 560-564, 2023. Abstract

Background: We aimed to evaluate the ability of inferior vena cava (IVC) distensibility using the transhepatic approach to predict fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients with septic shock after emergency laparotomy. Methods: This prospective observational study included mechanically ventilated paralyzed adult who had septic shock after emergency laparotomy. The IVC dimensions were measured through the transhepatic and subxiphoid approaches. The fluid responsiveness was confirmed with >15% increase in cardiac output after 500 mL of fluid bolus. The outcomes were the ability of transhepatic (primary outcome) and subxiphoid approach to predict fluid responders using the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve analysis. The gray zone for the two approaches was calculated. Results: Data from 51 patients were analyzed, and the number of fluid responders was 30 of 52 (58%). The transhepatic approach was feasible in all patients, whereas the subxiphoid approach was only feasible in 42 patients. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (95% confidence interval) for the transhepatic IVC distensibility was 0.88 (0.76-0.95), and it was comparable with that of the subxiphoid approach (0.81 [0.66-0.92], P = 0.417). The gray zone for the transhepatic IVC distensibility was 17% to 35% including 24 of 51 patients (47%), whereas the gray zone for the subxiphoid IVC distensibility was 13% to 34% including 18 of 42 patients (43%). Conclusion: In conclusion, the transhepatic approach for evaluation of IVC distensibility showed good accuracy in predicting fluid responsiveness in patients with septic shock after emergency laparotomy. The transhepatic approach showed the same accuracy as the subxiphoid approach with the advantage of being feasible in larger number of patients.

Mostafa, M., and A. Hasanin, "Analgesia for open liver resection surgery.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 42, issue 1, pp. 101169, 2023.
Eley, V., A. Hasanin, R. Landau, D. Benhamou, F. J. Mercier, and L. Bouvet, "Antibiotic prophylaxis in obstetric care: is universal administration warranted?", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 42, issue 3, pp. 101235, 2023.
Lefrant, J. - Y., D. Benhamou, M. - O. Fischer, R. Pirracchio, B. Allaouchiche, S. Bastide, M. Biais, A. Blet, L. Bouvet, O. Brissaud, et al., "Comments on: Reducing the Risks of Nuclear War-The Role of Health Professionals.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, pp. 101314, 2023.
Elsherbiny, M., A. Hasanin, S. Kasem, M. Abouzeid, M. Mostafa, A. Fouad, and Y. Abdelwahab, "Comparison of different ratios of propofol-ketamine admixture in rapid-sequence induction of anesthesia for emergency laparotomy: a randomized controlled trial.", BMC anesthesiology, vol. 23, issue 1, pp. 329, 2023. Abstract

BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare the hemodynamic effect of two ratios of propofol and ketamine (ketofol), namely 1:1 and 1:3 ratios, in rapid-sequence induction of anesthesia for emergency laparotomy.

METHODS: This randomized controlled study included adult patients undergoing emergency laparotomy under general anesthesia. The patients were randomized to receive either ketofol ratio of 1:1 (n = 37) or ketofol ratio of 1:3 (n = 37). Hypotension (mean arterial pressure < 70 mmHg) was managed by 5-mcg norepinephrine. The primary outcome was total norepinephrine requirements during the postinduction period. Secondary outcomes included the incidence of postinduction hypotension, and the intubation condition (excellent, good, or poor).

RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients in the ketofol-1:1 and 35 patients in the ketofol 1:3 group were analyzed. The total norepinephrine requirement was less in the ketofol-1:1 group than in the ketofol-1:3 group, P-values: 0.043. The incidence of postinduction hypotension was less in the ketofol-1:1 group (4 [12%]) than in ketofol-1:3 group (12 [35%]), P-value 0.022. All the included patients had excellent intubation condition.

CONCLUSION: In patients undergoing emergency laparotomy, the use of ketofol in 1:1 ratio for rapid-sequence induction of anesthesia was associated with less incidence of postinduction hypotension and vasopressor consumption in comparison to the 1:3 ratio with comparable intubation conditions.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT05166330. URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT05166330 .

Amin, S. M., A. Hasanin, O. S. Elsayed, M. Mostafa, D. KHALED, A. S. Arafa, and A. Hassan, "Comparison of the hemodynamic effects of opioid-based versus lidocaine-based induction of anesthesia with propofol in older adults: a randomized controlled trial.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 42, issue 4, pp. 101225, 2023. Abstract

BACKGROUND: The present study aims to compare the hemodynamic profile of lidocaine and fentanyl during propofol induction of general anesthesia.

METHODS: This randomized controlled trial included patients aged above 60 years undergoing elective non-cardiac surgery. The included patients received either 1 mg/kg lidocaine (n = 50) or 1 mcg/kg fentanyl (n = 50) based on total body weight with propofol induction of anesthesia. Patient's hemodynamics were recorded every minute for the first 5 min then every 2 min until 15 min after induction of anesthesia. Hypotension (mean arterial pressure [MAP] <65 mmHg or >30% reduction from baseline) was treated by intravenous 4 mcg bolus of norepinephrine. Outcomes included norepinephrine requirements (primary), the incidence of postinduction hypotension, MAP, heart rate, intubation condition, and postoperative delirium via the cognitive assessment method.

RESULTS: Forty-seven patients in the lidocaine group and 46 patients in the fentanyl group were analyzed. None in the lidocaine group experienced hypotension, while 28/46 (61%) of patients in the fentanyl group developed at least one episode of hypotension requiring a median (25th and 75th quartiles) norepinephrine dose of 4 (0,5) mcg, p-value <0.001 for both outcomes. The average MAP was lower in the fentanyl group than in the lidocaine group at all time points after anesthesia induction. The average heart rate was comparable between the two groups nearly at all time points after anesthesia induction. The overall intubation condition was comparable between the two groups. None of the included patients developed postoperative delirium.

CONCLUSION: Lidocaine-based regimen for induction of anesthesia reduced the risk of postinduction hypotension in older patients compared to the fentanyl-based regimen.

Sanfilippo, F., A. Zeidan, and A. Hasanin, "Disposable versus reusable medical devices and carbon footprint: old is gold.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 42, issue 5, pp. 101285, 2023.
Sarhan, K. A., R. Emad, D. Mahmoud, A. Hasanin, Osama Hosny, M. Al-Sonbaty, A. Aboel-ela, and S. Othman, "The effect of hyperventilation versus normoventilation on cerebral oxygenation using near infrared spectroscopy in children undergoing posterior fossa tumor resection: A randomized controlled cross-over trial.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 42, issue 3, pp. 101190, 2023. Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare the effect of two different ventilation strategies on cerebral oxygenation in children undergoing posterior fossa tumor excision surgeries.

METHODS: Children scheduled for posterior fossa tumor surgeries were enrolled in this randomized, double-blinded, controlled cross-over trial. After induction of general anesthesia and positioning, participants were randomized to have mild hyperventilation for 30 min (phase 1) followed by normal ventilation for another 30 min (phase2) (early hyperventilation group, n = 23), or normal ventilation for 30 min (phase 1) followed by hyperventilation for 30 min (phase 2) (early normoventilation group, n = 19). Our primary outcome was cerebral oxygenation, measured using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Other outcomes included the intracranial pressure (ICP), brain relaxation score at the end of phase 1, and frequency of nadir NIRS.

RESULTS: Forty-two children were available for final per protocol analysis. The cerebral oxygenation decreased after the hyperventilation phase compared to the baseline values and the corresponding phases of normoventilation. The mean difference [95% confidence intervals (CI)] in cerebral oxygen saturation between the hyperventilation and normal ventilation readings was 13.45 ± 1.14% [11.14-15.76] and 11.47 ± 0.96% [11.14-15.76] in the left and right sides, respectively (p-values <0.0001). Both carryover and period effects were not significant. The ICP at the end of phase 1 did not differ between the two groups: 22.12 ± 3.75 mmHg vs. 23.26 ± 4.33, mean difference [95%CI]: -0.78 [-3.05 to 1.5], p = 0.49. Brain relaxation score was similar in the two groups.

CONCLUSION: In children undergoing posterior fossa craniotomy, moderate hyperventilation reduced cerebral oxygenation without significant improvement of the surgical brain relaxation or the ICP.

Hasanin, A. M., M. Mostafa, and M. Abdulatif, "The effect of intrathecal morphine on urinary bladder function after Caesarean delivery: risk-benefit dilemma.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 42, issue 6, pp. 101287, 2023.
Mostafa, M., M. S. Mousa, A. Hasanin, A. S. Arafa, H. Raafat, and A. S. Ragab, "Erector spinae plane block versus subcostal transversus abdominis plane block in patients undergoing open liver resection surgery: A randomized controlled trial.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 42, issue 1, pp. 101161, 2023. Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of erector spinae plane block (ESPB) in relation to subcostal transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) in patients undergoing open liver resection surgery.

METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, we included adult patients undergoing open liver resection surgery. After induction of general anaesthesia, the included patients were randomized to receive either ESPB (n = 30) or subcostal TAPB (n = 30). Postoperative pain was assessed using the numeric rating scale (NRS) at rest and during cough. Intravenous morphine boluses were used for management of breakthrough pain intra- and postoperatively. The study's primary outcome was morphine consumption during the first 24 h postoperatively. Secondary outcomes included intraoperative morphine consumption, time to first postoperative morphine requirement, incidence of complications, and patient satisfaction.

RESULTS: Sixty patients were included and were available for the final analysis in this study. The intra-and postoperative morphine consumption were less in the ESPB group than the subcostal TAPB group (median [quartiles] morphine dose: 0 [0-0] vs 2 [0-5] mg, p = 0.007 and 20 [15-20] vs 25 [20-30] mg, p = 0.006, respectively). The time to first morphine requirement was longer in the ESPB group (median [quartiles]: 6.5 [5.5-6.5] h) than the subcostal TAPB group (median [quartiles]: 4.3 [1.0-6.5] h), P = 0.013. Patients in the ESPB group had lower incidence of sedation and higher level of satisfaction than the subcostal TAPB group.

CONCLUSION: In patients undergoing open liver resection surgery, ESPB provided superior analgesic properties than subcostal TAPB.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT05253079, Principal investigator: Maha Mostafa, Date of registration: February 23, 2022. URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT05253079.

Gamal, R. M., M. Mostafa, A. M. Hasanin, S. A. Khedr, A. S. Abdelgalil, and M. M. Elshal, "Evaluation of the accuracy of oscillometric non-invasive blood pressure measurement at the ankle in children during general anesthesia.", Journal of clinical monitoring and computing, vol. 37, issue 5, pp. 1239-1245, 2023. Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of oscillometric blood pressure measurement at the ankle in children using invasive blood pressure as reference standard. This prospective observational study included children undergoing noncardiac surgery. Paired radial invasive and ankle non-invasive blood pressure measurements were obtained. Delta blood pressure was calculated as the difference between two consecutive readings. The primary outcome was the mean bias and agreement between the two methods using the Bland-Altman analysis. The ISO standard was fulfilled if the mean bias between the two methods was ≤ 5 ± 8 mmHg. Other outcomes included the trending ability of ankle blood pressure using the four-quadrant plot and the accuracy of ankle measurement to detect hypotension using area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. We analyzed 683 paired readings from 86 children. The mean bias between the two methods for systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure (SBP, DBP, MAP) was - 7.2 ± 10.7, 4.5 ± 12.8, and - 1.8 ± 8.2 mmHg, respectively. The concordance rate of ankle blood pressure was 72%, 71%, and 77% for delta SBP, DBP and MAP, respectively. The AUC (95% confidence interval) for ankle MAP ability to detect hypotension was 0.91 (0.89-0.93) with negative predictive value of 100% at cut-off value ≤ 70 mmHg, We concluded that in pediatric population undergoing noncardiac surgery, ankle blood pressure was not interchangeable with the corresponding invasive readings with the ankle MAP having the least bias compared to SBP and DBP. An ankle MAP > 70 mmHg can exclude hypotension with negative predictive value of 100%.

Helmy, M. A., L. M. Milad, A. M. Hasanin, M. Mostafa, A. H. Mannaa, M. M. Youssef, M. Abdelaziz, R. Alkonaiesy, M. M. Elshal, and Osama Hosny, "Parasternal intercostal thickening at hospital admission: a promising indicator for mechanical ventilation risk in subjects with severe COVID-19.", Journal of clinical monitoring and computing, vol. 37, issue 5, pp. 1287-1293, 2023. Abstract

We aimed to evaluate the ability of parasternal intercostal thickening fraction (PIC TF) to predict the need for mechanical ventilation, and survival in subjects with severe Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). This prospective observational study included adult subjects with severe COVID-19. The following data were collected within 12 h of admission: PIC TF, respiratory rate oxygenation index, [Formula: see text] ratio, chest CT, and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II score. The ability of PIC TF to predict the need for ventilatory support (primary outcome) and a composite of invasive mechanical ventilation and/or 30-days mortality were performed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUC) analysis. Multivariate analysis was done to identify the independent predictors for the outcomes. Fifty subjects were available for the final evaluation. The AUC (95% confidence interval [CI]) for the right and left PIC TF ability to predict the need for ventilator support was 0.94 (0.83-0.99), 0.94 (0.84-0.99), respectively, with a cut off value of > 8.3% and positive predictive value of 90-100%. The AUC for the right and left PIC TF to predict invasive mechanical ventilation and/or 30 days mortality was 0.95 (0.85-0.99) and 0.90 (0.78-0.97), respectively. In the multivariate analysis, only the PIC TF was found to independently predict invasive mechanical ventilation and/or 30-days mortality. In subjects with severe COVID-19, PIC TF of 8.3% can predict the need to ventilatory support with a positive predictive value of 90-100%. PIC TF is an independent risk factor for the need for invasive mechanical ventilation and/or 30-days mortality.

Ali, T. M., R. Elwy, B. A. E. Razik, M. A. R. Soliman, M. F. Alsawy, A. Abdullah, E. Ahmed, S. Zaki, A. A. Salem, M. A. Katri, et al., "Risk factors of congenital hydrocephalus: a case-control study in a lower-middle-income country (Egypt).", Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics, vol. 31, issue 5, pp. 397-405, 2023. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Hydrocephalus is the most common brain disorder in children and is more common in low- and middle-income countries. Research output on hydrocephalus remains sparse and of lower quality in low- and middle-income countries compared with high-income countries. Most studies addressing hydrocephalus epidemiology are retrospective registry studies entailing their inherent limitations and biases. This study aimed to investigate child-related, parental, and socioeconomic risk factors of congenital hydrocephalus (CH) in a lower-middle-income country.

METHODS: An investigator-administered questionnaire was used to query parents of patients with CH and controls who visited the authors' institution from 2017 until 2021. Patients with secondary hydrocephalus and children older than 2 years of age at diagnosis were excluded. Uni- and multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify the factors affecting CH development.

RESULTS: Seven hundred forty-one respondents (312 cases and 429 controls) were included in this study. The authors showed that maternal diseases during pregnancy (OR 3.12, 95% CI 1.96-5.03), a lack of periconceptional folic acid intake (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.32-2.81), being a housewife (OR 2.66, 95% CI 1.51-4.87), paternal illiteracy (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.02-2.69), parental consanguinity (OR 3.67, 95% CI 2.40-5.69), a history of other CNS conditions in the family (OR 2.93, 95% CI 1.24-7.34), conceiving a child via assisted fertilization techniques (OR 3.93, 95% CI 1.57-10.52), and the presence of other congenital anomalies (OR 2.57, 95% CI 1.38-4.87) were associated with an independent higher odds of a child having CH. Conversely, maternal hypertension (OR 0.22, 95% CI 0.09-0.48), older maternal age at delivery (OR 0.93, 95% CI 0.89-0.97), and having more abortions (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.67-0.95) were negatively correlated with CH.

CONCLUSIONS: Multiple parental, socioeconomic, and child-related factors were associated with higher odds for developing CH. These results can be utilized to guide parental counseling and management, and direct social education and prevention programs.

Gamal, M., A. Hasanin, N. Adly, M. Mostafa, A. M. Yonis, A. Rady, N. M. AbdAllah, M. Ibrahim, and M. Elsayad, "Thermal Imaging to Predict Failed Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block: A Prospective Observational Study.", Local and regional anesthesia, vol. 16, pp. 71-80, 2023. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Successful brachial plexus blockade produces sympathetic blockade, resulting in increased skin temperature in the blocked segments. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of infrared thermography in predicting failed segmental supraclavicular brachial plexus block.

METHODS: This prospective observational study included adult patients undergoing upper-limb surgery under supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Sensation was evaluated at the dermatomal distribution of the ulnar, median, and radial nerves. Block failure was defined as absence of complete sensory loss 30 min after block completion. Skin temperature was evaluated by infrared thermography at the dermatomal supply of the ulnar, median, and radial nerves at baseline, 5, 10, 15, and 20 min after block completion. The temperature change from the baseline measurement was calculated for each time point. Outcomes were the ability of temperature change at each site to predict failed block of the corresponding nerve using area under receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) analysis.

RESULTS: Eighty patients were available for the final analysis. The AUC (95% confidence interval [CI]) for the ability of temperature change at 5 min to predict failed ulnar, median, and radial nerve block was 0.79 (0.68-0.87), 0.77 (0.67-0.86), and 0.79 (0.69-0.88). The AUC (95% CI) increased progressively and reached its maximum values at 15 min (ulnar nerve 0.98 [0.92-1.00], median nerve 0.97 [0.90-0.99], radial nerve 0.96 [0.89-0.99]) with negative predictive value of 100%.

CONCLUSION: Infrared thermography of different skin segments provides an accurate tool for predicting failed supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Increased skin temperature at each segment can exclude block failure in the corresponding nerve with 100% accuracy.

Sarhan, K. A., H. Hasaneen, A. Hasanin, H. Mohammed, R. Saleh, and A. Kamel, "Ultrasound Assessment of Gastric Fluid Volume in Children Scheduled for Elective Surgery After Clear Fluid Fasting for 1 Versus 2 Hours: A Randomized Controlled Trial.", Anesthesia and analgesia, vol. 136, issue 4, pp. 711-718, 2023. Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the gastric fluid volume (GFV) in children who fasted 1 versus 2 hours using ultrasound, after ingestion of a defined volume of clear fluid.

METHODS: Children scheduled for elective surgery were enrolled in this randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial. After receiving 3 mL kg -1 clear fluid, participants were randomized to have a gastric ultrasound after fasting for either 1 hour (1-hour group, n = 116) or 2 hours (2-hour group, n = 111). Our primary outcome was the GFV. Other outcomes included the antral cross-sectional area, frequency of high risk and low risk of aspiration, and qualitative grading for the gastric antrum.

RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty-seven children were available for final analysis. The median (Q1-Q3) GFV was higher in the 1-hour group versus the 2-hour group (0.61 [0.41-0.9] mL kg -1 vs 0.32 [0.23-0.47] mL kg -1 ; P value = .001). None of the study groups had GFV ≥1.5 mL kg -1 . The frequency (%) of GFV ≥1.25 mL kg -1 was comparable between both groups (2 [1.7%] vs 0 [0%], P value = .165). However, the frequency of GFV ≥0.8 mL kg -1 was higher in 1-hour group than in 2-hour group (34.5% vs 4.5%), and grade 2 antral grading score was 56.9% in 1-hour group vs 0.9% in 2-hour group ( P value <.001).

CONCLUSIONS: In healthy children scheduled for elective surgery receiving 3 mL kg -1 clear fluid, the median GFV after 1-hour fasting was double the volume after conventional 2-hour fasting. These findings should be considered whether weighting the risk/benefit of a liberal approach to preoperative fasting versus the risk of pulmonary aspiration.

Hasanin, A. M., A. Abou Amer, Y. S. Hassabelnaby, M. Mostafa, A. Abdelnasser, S. M. Amin, M. Elsherbiny, and S. Refaat, "The use of epinephrine infusion for the prevention of spinal hypotension during Caesarean delivery: A randomized controlled dose-finding trial.", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 42, issue 3, pp. 101204, 2023. Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare three epinephrine doses for the prevention of spinal hypotension during Caesarean delivery.

METHODS: This randomized controlled trial included full-term pregnant women undergoing elective Caesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia. The participants received prophylactic epinephrine infusions at rates of 0.01, 0.02, or 0.03 mcg/kg/min. Spinal hypotension (systolic blood pressure <80% of baseline) was managed with a 9-mg ephedrine bolus. The primary outcome was the incidence of spinal hypotension. Secondary outcomes included total ephedrine requirement, the incidence of severe spinal hypotension, excessive tachycardia and hypertension, and neonatal outcomes.

RESULTS: The final analysis included 271 patients. The incidence of hypotension was lowest in the 0.03 mcg group (11/90 [12%]), followed by the 0.02 mcg (32/91 [35%]) and the 0.01 mcg (55/90 [61%]) groups (p < 0.001). The median ephedrine requirements (quartiles) were also the lowest in the 0.03 mcg group (0 [0-0] mg), followed by the 0.02 mcg (0 [0-9] mg) and the 0.01 mcg (9 [0-18] mg) groups. The incidence of severe hypotension was lower in the 0.03 mcg and 0.02 mcg groups than in the 0.01 mcg group (3/90 [3%], 5/91 [6%], and 15/90 [17%], respectively). The incidences of excessive tachycardia, hypertension, and neonatal outcomes were comparable among the groups.

CONCLUSION: The use of epinephrine to prevent spinal hypotension during Caesarean delivery is feasible and effective. An initial dose of 0.03 mcg/kg/min produced the lowest incidence of hypotension compared to 0.02 mcg/kg/min and 0.01 mcg/kg/min doses. The three doses were comparable in terms of the incidence of tachycardia, hypertension, and neonatal outcomes.

STUDY REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05279703.

2022
Helmy, M. A., L. Magdy Milad, A. Hasanin, Y. S. Elbasha, H. A. ElSabbagh, M. S. ElMarzouky, M. Mostafa, A. K. Abdelhakeem, and M. A. E. - M. Morsy, "Ability of IMPROVE and IMPROVE-DD scores to predict outcomes in patients with severe COVID-19: a prospective observational study.", Scientific reports, vol. 12, issue 1, pp. 13323, 2022. Abstract

In this study we aimed to evaluate the ability of IMPROVE and IMPROVE-DD scores in predicting in-hospital mortality in patients with severe COVID-19. This prospective observational study included adult patients with severe COVID-19 within 12 h from admission. We recorded patients' demographic and laboratory data, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), SpO at room air, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), IMPROVE score and IMPROVE-DD score. In-hospital mortality and incidence of clinical worsening (the need for invasive mechanical ventilation, vasopressors, renal replacement therapy) were recorded. Our outcomes included the ability of the IMPROVE and IMPROVE-DD to predict in-hospital mortality and clinical worsening using the area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. Multivariate analysis was used to detect independent risk factors for the study outcomes. Eighty-nine patients were available for the final analysis. The IMPROVE and IMPROVE-DD score showed the highest ability for predicting in-hospital mortality (AUC [95% confidence intervals {CI}] 0.96 [0.90-0.99] and 0.96 [0.90-0.99], respectively) in comparison to other risk stratification tools (APACHE II, CCI, SpO). The AUC (95% CI) for IMPROVE and IMPROVE-DD to predict clinical worsening were 0.80 (0.70-0.88) and 0.79 (0.69-0.87), respectively. Using multivariate analysis, IMPROVE-DD and SpO were the only predictors for in-hospital mortality and clinical worsening. In patients with severe COVID-19, high IMPROVE and IMOROVE-DD scores showed excellent ability to predict in-hospital mortality and clinical worsening. Independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality and clinical worsening were IMPROVE-DD and SpO.

Hasanin, A., and S. A. El Beih, "Appropriate fluid management in emergency abdominal surgery. Comment on Br J Anaesth 2021; 127: 521-31.", British journal of anaesthesia, vol. 128, issue 2, pp. e58-e59, 2022.
Mostafa, M., and A. Hasanin, "Appropriate intraoperative haemodynamic targets. Comment on Br J Anaesth 2021; 127: 396-404.", British journal of anaesthesia, vol. 128, issue 1, pp. e13-e14, 2022.
Helmy, M. A., L. M. Milad, A. Hasanin, E. A. Elsayed, O. Y. Kamel, M. Mostafa, S. Fathy, and M. Elsayad, "Bleeding and thrombotic complications in patients with severe COVID-19: A prospective observational study.", Health science reports, vol. 5, issue 4, pp. e736, 2022.
Hasanin, A., M. Mostafa, and M. Abdulatif, "Combined Thoracic Spinal-Epidural Anesthesia in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: a Risk-Benefit Assessment.", Obesity surgery, vol. 32, issue 6, pp. 2092-2093, 2022.
Sanfilippo, F., D. P. Gopalan, and A. Hasanin, "The COVID-19 pandemic: a gateway between one world and the next!", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 41, issue 5, pp. 101131, 2022.
Sarhan, K., A. Hasanin, R. Melad, R. Fouad, H. Elhadi, M. Elsherbeeny, A. Arafa, and M. Mostafa, "Evaluation of gastric contents using ultrasound in full-term pregnant women fasted for 8 h: a prospective observational study.", Journal of anesthesia, vol. 36, issue 1, pp. 137-142, 2022. Abstract

BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the gastric volume and contents after an 8-h fasting period in full-term, non-laboring, pregnant women following a standardized meal.

METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we included full-term pregnant women scheduled for elective cesarean delivery. The participants were instructed to fast after a standardized meal (apple juice, bread, and cheese). Participants were scanned in the semi-recumbent and right-lateral positions 8 h after the standardized meal. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients with gastric volume > 1.5 mL kg calculated by two equations. Secondary outcomes included the antral cross-sectional area and gastric volume. Data are expressed as frequency (%, 95% confidence interval [CI]), mean ± standard deviation (95% CI of the mean), or median (quartiles) as appropriate.

RESULTS: Forty-one women were available for the final analysis. For the primary outcome, one participant (2.4%, 95% CI of 0.06 to 12.8%) had gastric volume > 1.5 mL kg, and none had solids in the antrum. For the secondary outcomes, the mean (95% CI of the mean) of the antral cross-sectional area was 2.11 ± 0.72 (1.88 to 2.34) cm and 4.08 ± 1.80 (3.51 to 4.65) cm during the semi-recumbent and right-lateral position, respectively. The median (quartiles) gastric volume was 0.53 (0.32, 0.66) mL kg and 0.33 (0.13, 0.52) mL kg as estimated by Perlas et al. and Roukhomovsky et al. equations, respectively.

CONCLUSION: After 8-h fasting following a standardized meal, full-term pregnant non-laboring women are less likely to have a high residual gastric volume.

Hasanin, A., and S. Fathy, "In response: Was ketamine-lidocaine an adequate hypnotic agent in patients with septic shock?", Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine, vol. 41, issue 2, pp. 101041, 2022.