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Abdelatty, A. M., M. A.Tony, B. M. Edrees, and E. Y.Ismail, impact of some phytobiotic feed additives upon health and zootechnical parameters in broiler chicken, , Cairo, Cairo University, 2011.
Li, X., G. Li, X. Du, X. Sun, Z. Peng, C. Zhao, Q. Xu, A. M. Abdelatty, F. F. Mohamed, Z. Wang, et al., "Increased autophagy mediates the adaptive mechanism of the mammary gland in dairy cows with hyperketonemia.", Journal of dairy science, 2020. Abstract

Hyperketonemia is a metabolic disease in dairy cows, associated with negative nutrition balance (NNB) induced by low dry matter intake (DMI) and increased nutrient requirements. Hyperketonemia could induce metabolic stress, which might indirectly affect mammary tissue. Autophagy is a highly conserved physiological process that results in the turnover of intracellular material, and is involved in maintaining cellular homeostasis under the challenge of metabolic stress induced by NNB. The aim of this study was to investigate the autophagy status and autophagy-related pathways AMP-activated kinase α (AMPKα) and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) in the mammary glands of dairy cows with hyperketonemia. Cows with hyperketonemia [CWH, n = 10, blood β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) concentration 1.2 to 3.0 mmol/L] and cows without hyperketonemia (CWOH, n = 10, BHB < 1.2 mmol/L) from 3 to 12 DIM were randomly selected from the herd. The mammary tissue and blood samples were collected from these cows between 0630 and 0800 h, before feeding, at 3 to 12 d in milk. Serum concentrations of glucose, BHB, and fatty acids were determined using an autoanalyzer with commercial kits between 0630 and 0800 h, before feeding. Concentrations of fatty acids, BHB (median and interquartile range: CWH, 2.44 and 1.3, 2.82 mM; CWOH, 0.49 and 0.41, 0.57 mM), and milk fat were greater in CWH. The DMI, glucose concentration, milk production, and milk protein levels were lower in CWH. The mRNA abundance of autophagosome formation-related gene, beclin 1 (BECN1), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit type 3 (PIK3C3), autophagy-related gene (ATG) 5, ATG7, ATG12, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (MAP1LC3, also called LC3) and sequestosome-1 (SQSTM1, also called p62) were greater in the mammary glands of CWH. The protein abundance of LC3-II and phosphorylation level of Unc-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) were greater in CWH, but the total ubiquitinated proteins and protein abundance of p62 were lower. Transmission electron microscopy showed an increased number of autophagosomes in the mammary glands of CWH. Furthermore, the phosphorylation of AMPKα was greater, but the phosphorylation of mTOR was lower in the mammary glands of CWH. These results indicate that activity of mTOR pathways and autophagy activity, and upregulation of AMPKα, may be response mechanisms to mitigate metabolic stress induced by hyperketonemia in the mammary glands of dairy cows.

Abdelatty, A. M., M. I. Mandouh, A. K. Al-Mokaddem, H. A. Mansour, H. M. A. Khalil, A. A. Elolimy, H. Ford, O. A. A. Farid, A. Prince, O. G. Sakr, et al., "Influence of level of inclusion of Azolla leaf meal on growth performance, meat quality and skeletal muscle p70S6 kinase α abundance in broiler chickens.", Animal : an international journal of animal bioscience, vol. 14, issue 11, pp. 2423-2432, 2020. Abstract

The interest in biodiesel production from oil-bearing seeds rather than soybean necessitates the scientific validation of other good quality protein sources that could substitute soybean meal in animal diets, particularly, broiler chickens where soybean meal constitutes a large portion of their diet. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the effect of sun-dried Azolla leaf meal (ALM) as an unconventional dietary protein source in broiler chicken diet on growth performance, meat quality, skeletal muscle cell growth and protein synthesis through regulation of ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6 kinase α). A total of 120 male Ross 308 broiler chicks were randomly allocated to three dietary treatments. Each treatment had four cages (i.e. replicates) with 10 birds/cage. The control group was fed with a corn-soy-based diet, the AZ5 group was supplemented with 5% ALM and the AZ10 group was supplemented with 10% ALM for 37 days. A 5-day trial was also conducted to measure the apparent nutrient digestibility. Growth performance parameters were measured weekly. At the end of the experiment, 12 birds from each group (3/cage) were euthanized and used for samplings. Inclusion of ALM tended to improve BW gain (P = 0.06) and increased feed intake (P < 0.01). Additionally, ALM decreased the percentage of breast meat cooking loss linearly (P < 0.01). In addition, ALM at a dose of 5% increased the production of propionate in the cecum (P = 0.01). Activation of breast muscle p70S6 kinase was higher when ALM was included in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.01). The inclusion of ALM increased breast meat redness (P < 0.01); however, the lightness was within the normal range in all groups. Findings from our study suggest that ALM could be included in a broiler chicken diet up to 5% without any major negative effect on meat quality or performance, and it regulates muscle protein synthesis through activation of mammalian target of rapamycin/6S kinase signaling.

Abdelatty, A. M., M. E. Iwaniuk, S. B. Potts, and A. Gad, "Influence of maternal nutrition and heat stress on bovine oocyte and embryo development", International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine, issue Int J Vet Sci Med. 2018; 6(Suppl): S1–S5. , 2018.
Esmael, A., E. Azab, A. A. Gobouri, M. A. Nasr-Eldin, M. M. A. Moustafa, S. A. Mohamed, O. A. M. Badr, and A. M. Abdelatty, "Isolation and Characterization of Two Lytic BacteriophagesInfecting a Multi-Drug ResistantSalmonellaTyphimurium andTheir Efficacy to Combat Salmonellosis in Ready-to-Use Foods", Microorgansims, vol. 9, pp. 423, 2021.