Agrawal, P., T. Ganesh, and A. W. Mohamed,
*Chaotic gaining sharing knowledge-based optimization algorithm: an improved metaheuristic algorithm for feature selection, *
, vol. 25, issue 14, pp. 9505 - 9528, 2021.

AbstractThe gaining sharing knowledge based optimization algorithm (GSK) is recently developed metaheuristic algorithm, which is based on how humans acquire and share knowledge during their life-time. This paper investigates a modified version of the GSK algorithm to find the best feature subsets. Firstly, it represents a binary variant of GSK algorithm by employing a probability estimation operator (Bi-GSK) on the two main pillars of GSK algorithm. And then, the chaotic maps are used to enhance the performance of the proposed algorithm. Ten different types of chaotic maps are considered to adapt the parameters of the GSK algorithm that make a proper balance between exploration and exploitation and save the algorithm from premature convergence. To check the performance of proposed approaches of GSK algorithm, twenty-one benchmark datasets are taken from the UCI repository for feature selection. The performance is measured by calculating different type of measures, and several metaheuristic algorithms are adopted to compare the obtained results. The results indicate that Chebyshev chaotic map shows the best result among all chaotic maps which improve the performance accuracy and convergence rate of the original algorithm. Moreover, it outperforms the other metaheuristic algorithms in terms of efficiency, fitness value and the minimum number of selected features.

Agrawal, P., T. Ganesh, and A. W. Mohamed,
*A novel binary gaining–sharing knowledge-based optimization algorithm for feature selection, *
, vol. 33, issue 11, pp. 5989 - 6008, 2021.

AbstractTo obtain the optimal set of features in feature selection problems is the most challenging and prominent problem in machine learning. Very few human-related metaheuristic algorithms were developed and solved this type of problem. It motivated us to check the performance of recently developed gaining–sharing knowledge-based optimization algorithm (GSK), which is based on the concept of gaining and sharing knowledge of humans throughout their lifespan. It depends on two stages: beginners–intermediate gaining and sharing stage and intermediate–experts gaining and sharing stage. In this study, two approaches are proposed to solve feature selection problems: FS-BGSK: a novel binary version of GSK algorithm that relies on these two stages with knowledge factor 1 and FS-pBGSK: a population reduction technique that is employed on BGSK algorithm to enhance the exploration and exploitation quality of FS-BGSK. The proposed approaches are checked on twenty two feature selection benchmark datasets from UCI repository that contains small, medium and large dimensions datasets. The obtained results are compared with seven state-of-the-art metaheuristic algorithms; binary differential evolution, binary particle swarm optimization algorithm, binary bat algorithm, binary grey wolf optimizer, binary ant lion optimizer, binary dragonfly algorithm and binary salp swarm algorithm. It concludes that FS-pBGSK and FS-BGSK outperform other algorithms in terms of accuracy, convergence and robustness in most of the datasets.