Publications

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Submitted
MOROF, D. I. A. N. E. F., A. Abou-Zeid, and M. U. I. R. E. A. N. N. BRENNAN, An Evaluation of an Early Warning Alert and Response Network (EWARN) in Darfur, Sudan, , Submitted. Abstract
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MOROF, D. I. A. N. E. F., A. Abou-Zeid, and M. U. I. R. E. A. N. N. BRENNAN, An Evaluation of an Early Warning Alert and Response Network (EWARN) in Darfur, Sudan, , Submitted. Abstract
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Ahmed, A. A., A. A. Mohamed, I. A. Guled, H. M. Elamin, A. H. Abou-Zeid, J. Loko Roka, R. Van den Bergh, S. Au, E. De Plecker, R. Zachariah, et al., Womens/Reproductive Health:[32], , Submitted. Abstract
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2017
Elamein, M., H. Bower, C. Valderrama, D. Zedan, H. Rihawi, K. Almilaji, M. Abdelhafeez, N. Tabbal, N. Almhawish, S. Maes, et al., "Attacks against health care in Syria, 2015-16: results from a real-time reporting tool.", Lancet (London, England), vol. 390, issue 10109, pp. 2278-2286, 2017 Nov 18. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Collecting credible data on violence against health services, health workers, and patients in war zones is a massive challenge, but crucial to understanding the extent to which international humanitarian law is being breached. We describe a new system used mainly in areas of Syria with a substantial presence of armed opposition groups since November, 2015, to detect and verify attacks on health-care services and describe their effect.

METHODS: All Turkey health cluster organisations with a physical presence in Syria, either through deployed and locally employed staff, were asked to participate in the Monitoring Violence against Health Care (MVH) alert network. The Turkey hub of the health cluster, a UN-activated humanitarian health coordination body, received alerts from health cluster partners via WhatsApp and an anonymised online data-entry tool. Field staff were asked to seek further information by interviewing victims and other witnesses when possible. The MVH data team triangulated alerts to identify individual events and distributed a preliminary flash update of key information (location, type of service, modality of attack, deaths, and casualties) to partners, WHO, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, and donors. The team also received and entered alerts from several large non-health cluster organisations (known as external partners, who do their own information-gathering and verification processes before sharing their information). Each incident was then assessed in a stringent process of information-matching. Attacks were deemed to be verified if they were reported by a minimum of one health cluster partner and one external partner, and the majority of the key datapoints matched. Alerts that did not meet this standard were deemed to be unverified. Results were tabulated to describe attack occurrence and impact, disaggregated where possible by age, sex, and location.

FINDINGS: Between early November, 2015, and Dec 31 2016, 938 people were directly harmed in 402 incidents of violence against health care: 677 (72%) were wounded and 261 (28%) were killed. Most of the dead were adult males (68%), but the highest case fatality (39%) was seen in children aged younger than 5 years. 24% of attack victims were health workers. Around 44% of hospitals and 5% of all primary care clinics in mainly areas with a substantial presence of armed opposition groups experienced attacks. Aerial bombardment was the main form of attack. A third of health-care services were hit more than once. Services providing trauma care were attacked more than other services.

INTERPRETATION: The data system used in this study addressed double-counting, reduced the effect of potentially biased self-reports, and produced credible data from anonymous information. The MVH tool could be feasibly deployed in many conflict areas. Reliable data are essential to show how far warring parties have strayed from international law protecting health care in conflict and to effectively harness legal mechanisms to discourage future perpetrators.

FUNDING: None.

2014
Ahmed, A. A., A. A. Mohamed, I. A. Guled, H. M. Elamin, and A. H. Abou-Zeid, "Knowledge Translation in Africa for 21st Century Integrative Biology: The “Know-Do Gap” in Family Planning with Contraceptive Use among Somali Women", Omics: a journal of integrative biology, vol. 18, no. 11: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 140 Huguenot Street, 3rd Floor New Rochelle, NY 10801 USA, pp. 696–704, 2014. Abstract
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Hekim, N., Y. Coşkun, A. Sınav, A. H. Abou-Zeid, M. Ağırbaşlı, S. O. Akintola, Ş. Aynacıoğlu, M. Bayram, N. L. Bragazzi, C. Dandara, et al., "Translating Biotechnology to Knowledge-Based Innovation, Peace, and Development? Deploy a Science Peace Corps—An Open Letter to World Leaders", Omics: a journal of integrative biology, vol. 18, no. 7: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 140 Huguenot Street, 3rd Floor New Rochelle, NY 10801 USA, pp. 415–420, 2014. Abstract
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2013
Maklad, S., G. Esmat, W. Doss, A. Abou-Zeid, and S. S. El-Din, "Response and seroconversion rates among HBeAg-positive chronic HBV Egyptian patients treated with peginterferon alpha 2a (Pegasys), a single-centre experience", Arab Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 14, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 73–77, 2013. Abstract
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Abou-Zeid, A. H., T. A. Abkar, and R. O. Mohamed, "Schistosomiasis infection among primary school students in a war zone, Southern Kordofan State, Sudan: a cross-sectional study", BMC public health, vol. 13, no. 1: BioMed Central Ltd, pp. 643, 2013. Abstract
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Abou-Zeid, A. H., T. A. Abkar, and R. O. Mohamed, "Schistosomiasis infection among primary school students in a war zone, Southern Kordofan State, Sudan: a cross-sectional study", BMC public health, vol. 13, no. 1: BioMed Central Ltd, pp. 643, 2013. Abstract
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2012
Abou-Zeid, A., Y. Galal, M. Shawky, and M. El-Rabbat, "Exploring Barriers to Research Utilization in Policy Formulation in Egypt: Researchers’ Perspectives", Journal of American Science, vol. 8, no. 12, 2012. Abstract
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Abou-Zeid, A., Y. Galal, M. Shawky, and M. El-Rabbat, "Exploring Barriers to Research Utilization in Policy Formulation in Egypt: Researchers’ Perspectives", Journal of American Science, vol. 8, no. 12, 2012. Abstract
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Abou-Zeid, A. H., T. A. Abkar, and R. O. Mohamed, "Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths among an adult population in a war affected area, Southern Kordofan state, Sudan", Parasit Vectors, vol. 5, pp. 133, 2012. Abstract
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Abou-Zeid, A. H., T. A. Abkar, and R. O. Mohamed, "Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths among an adult population in a war affected area, Southern Kordofan state, Sudan", Parasit Vectors, vol. 5, pp. 133, 2012. Abstract
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2010
Abou-Zeid, A., H. Silverman, M. Shehata, M. Shams, M. Elshabrawy, T. Hifnawy, S. A. Rahman, B. Galal, H. Sleem, N. Mikhail, et al., "Collection, storage and use of blood samples for future research: views of Egyptian patients expressed in a cross-sectional survey", Journal of medical ethics, vol. 36, no. 9: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd and Institute of Medical Ethics, pp. 539–547, 2010. Abstract
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Emad, Y., Y. Ragab, I. Bassyouni, O. Moawayh, M. Fawzy, A. Saad, A. Abou-Zeid, and J. J. Rasker, "Enthesitis and related changes in the knees in seronegative spondyloarthropathies and skin psoriasis: magnetic resonance imaging case-control study", The Journal of rheumatology, vol. 37, no. 8: The Journal of Rheumatology, pp. 1709–1717, 2010. Abstract
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Emad, Y., M. Shehata, Y. Ragab, A. Saad, H. Hamza, and A. Abou-Zeid, "Prevalence and predictive value of anti-cyclic citrullinated protein antibodies for future development of rheumatoid arthritis in early undifferentiated arthritis", Modern rheumatology, vol. 20, no. 4: Informa Healthcare London, pp. 358–365, 2010. Abstract
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Emad, Y., M. Shehata, Y. Ragab, A. Saad, H. Hamza, and A. Abou-Zeid, "Prevalence and predictive value of anti-cyclic citrullinated protein antibodies for future development of rheumatoid arthritis in early undifferentiated arthritis", Modern rheumatology, vol. 20, no. 4: Informa Healthcare London, pp. 358–365, 2010. Abstract
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2009
Emad, Y., Y. Ragab, H. Hamza, A. Abou-Zeid, and J. J. Rasker, "439 CHARACTERISTIC ENHANCED MRI DIFFERENCES IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (RA) AND PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS (PsA) OF THE KNEE JOINT", European Journal of Pain, vol. 13: No longer published by Elsevier, pp. S132, 2009. Abstract
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Emad, Y., Y. Ragab, H. Hamza, A. Abou-Zeid, and J. J. Rasker, "439 CHARACTERISTIC ENHANCED MRI DIFFERENCES IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (RA) AND PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS (PsA) OF THE KNEE JOINT", European Journal of Pain, vol. 13: No longer published by Elsevier, pp. S132, 2009. Abstract
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Ragab, Y., Y. Emad, T. Gheita, O. Moawayh, A. Abou-Zeid, and J. J. Rasker, "474 DIFFERENTIATION OF OSTEOPOROTIC AND NEOPLASTIC VERTEBRAL FRACTURES BY OPPOSED-PHASED IMAGING (CHEMICAL SHIFT MR IMAGING)", European Journal of Pain, vol. 13: No longer published by Elsevier, pp. S141, 2009. Abstract
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Emad, Y., Y. Ragab, F. Zeinhom, A. Saad, A. Abou-Zeid, and J. J. Rasker, "500 HIPPOCAMPUS DYSFUNCTION MAY EXPLAIN SYMPTOMS OF FIBROMYALGIA SYNDROME", European Journal of Pain, vol. 13: No longer published by Elsevier, pp. S148, 2009. Abstract
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Emad, Y., Y. Ragab, A. Shaarawy, A. Abou-Zeid, A. Saad, M. Fawzy, H. Jokhdar, and J. J. Rasker, "Can magnetic resonance imaging differentiate undifferentiated arthritis based on knee imaging?", The Journal of rheumatology, vol. 36, no. 9: The Journal of Rheumatology, pp. 1963–1970, 2009. Abstract
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Abou-Zeid, A., M. Afzal, and H. J. Silverman, "Capacity mapping of national ethics committees in the Eastern Mediterranean Region", BMC medical ethics, vol. 10, no. 1: BioMed Central Ltd, pp. 8, 2009. Abstract
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Abou-Zeid, A., M. Afzal, and H. J. Silverman, "Capacity mapping of national ethics committees in the Eastern Mediterranean Region", BMC medical ethics, vol. 10, no. 1: BioMed Central Ltd, pp. 8, 2009. Abstract
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