Fouad, H. - A. A. - A., E. F. El-Khashab, A. Setta, and W. H. Kilany, "CLINICO-PATHOLOGICAL STUDIES ON CO-INFECTION BETWEEN LOW PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS H9N2 AND HIGHLY PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS H5N1", J.Egy.Vet.Med.Assoc., vol. 28, issue 1, pp. 122-143, 2021.
Abed, M., M. El Hariri, R. El-Helw, A. Setta, and R. Soliman, "Immunomodulatory effect of CpG ODN-adjuvanted bacterin against Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis in broiler chickens", World's Veterinary journal, vol. 10, issue 1, pp. 60-66, 2020.
Nassif, S., F. Zaki, A. Mourad, E. Fouad, A. Saad, A. Setta, B. Felföldi, T. Mató, I. Kiss, and V. Palya, "Herpesvirus of turkey vectored avian influenza vaccine offers cross-protection against antigenically drifted H5Nx highly pathogenic avian influenza virus strains", Avian Pathology, vol. 49, issue 6, pp. 547-556, 2020.
Palya, V., T. Tatár-Kis, A. S. A. Arafa, B. Felföldi, T. Mató, and A. Setta, "Efficacy of a Turkey Herpesvirus Vectored Newcastle Disease Vaccine against Genotype VII.1.1 Virus: Challenge Route Affects Shedding Pattern", Vaccines, vol. 9, issue 1, pp. 1-12, 2021.
Setta, A., H. M. Salem, M. Elhady, A. El-Hussieny, and A. S. Arafa, "Molecular and Genetic Characterization of Infectious Bronchitis Viruses Isolated from Commercial Chicken Flocks in Egypt between 2014 and 2016", Journal of World's Poultry Research, vol. 8, issue 1, pp. 1-8, 2018.
Saad, M., A. Setta, S. Marouf, and A. Hamouda, "Molecular epidemiology of Salmonella in Egyptian poultry farms", J Egy Vet Med Assoc, vol. 77, issue 4, pp. 821-838, 2017.
Setta, A., E. Refaei, and H. Salem, "Pasteurella hemolytica infection in commercial layers: a case report", J Egypt Vet Med Assoc, vol. 77, issue 2, pp. 237-242, 2017.
Naguib, M. M., D. Höper, A. - S. Arafa, A. M. Setta, M. Abed, I. Monne, M. Beer, and T. C. Harder, "Full genome sequence analysis of a newly emerged QX-like infectious bronchitis virus from Sudan reveals distinct spots of recombination.", Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases, vol. 46, pp. 42-49, 2016 Dec. Abstract

Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) infection continues to cause economically important diseases in poultry while different geno- and serotypes continue to circulate globally. Two infectious bronchitis viruses (IBV) were isolated from chickens with respiratory disease in Sudan. Sequence analysis of the hypervariable regions of the S1 gene revealed a close relation to the QX-like genotype which has not been detected in Sudan before. Whole genome analysis of IBV/Ck/Sudan/AR251-15/2014 isolate by next generation sequencing revealed a genome size of 27,646 nucleotides harbouring 13 open reading frames: 5'-1a-1b-S-3a-3b-E-M-4b-4c-5a-5b-N-6b-3'. Highest nucleotide sequence identity of 93% for the whole genome was found with the Chinese IBV strain Ck/CH/LHLJ/140906, the Italian IBV isolate ITA/90254/2005 and the 4/91 vaccine strain. Phylogenetic analysis of the S1 gene revealed that the IBV/Ck/Sudan/AR251-15/2014 isolate clustered together with viruses of the GI-19 lineage. Recombination analysis gave evidence for distinct patterns of origin of RNA in the Sudanese isolate in multiple genes. Several sites of recombination were scattered throughout the genome suggesting that the Sudan-QX-like strain emerged as a unique recombinant from multiple recombination events of parental viruses from 4/91, H120 and ITA/90254/2005 genotypes. The Sudanese QX-like isolate is plausibly genetically different from IBV strains previously reported in Africa and elsewhere.

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