Analysis of optical coherence angiography in cystoid macular oedema associated with gyrate atrophy.

Citation:
Mansour, A. M., A. G. Elnahry, K. Tripathy, R. E. Foster, C. - J. Mehanna, R. Vishal, C. Çavdarlı, A. Arrigo, and M. B. Parodi, "Analysis of optical coherence angiography in cystoid macular oedema associated with gyrate atrophy.", Eye (London, England), vol. 35, issue 6, pp. 1766-1774, 2021.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the relationship between superficial, deep foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and foveal cyst areas in eyes with cystoid macular oedema (CMO) associated with gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina (GA).

METHODS: This is a retrospective collaborative multicenter study of optical coherence tomography-angiography (OCTA) images in GA. Superficial and deep FAZ and foveal cyst were measured using Image J by two independent experts. Values were corrected for myopia magnification. These values were compared with age-matched controls from normative data.

RESULTS: Twenty-three eyes from 12 patients with GA and CMO were included in the study. The mean ± standard deviation age was 22 ± 19.7 years, mean Snellen spectacle-corrected visual acuity of 20/70 with mean myopia of 5.7 ± 4.1 dioptres. Qualitatively, no focal occlusion of superficial and deep capillary plexus was noted. Mean superficial FAZ area (0.484 ± 0.317 mm), deep FAZ area (0.626 ± 0.452 mm), and foveal cyst area (0.630 ± 0.503 mm) were significantly larger than superficial and deep FAZ areas in controls of same age range (p < 0.001). Macular cyst area correlated with superficial FAZ area (R = 0.59; p = 0.0057) and more strongly with deep FAZ area (R = 0.69; p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: The superficial and deep FAZ area in GA-associated CMO were noted to be significantly larger than in controls. It seems that RPE dysfunction leads to foveal cyst enlargement displacing the capillary plexus with resultant enlarged superficial and deep FAZ area.

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