Water Pollution Detection System Based on Fish Gills as a Biomarker

Asmaa Hashem Sweidan, N. El-Bendary, O. M. Hegazy, A. E. Hassanien, and V. Snasel, "Water Pollution Detection System Based on Fish Gills as a Biomarker", International Conference on Communications, management, and Information technology (ICCMIT'2015), 2015.


This article presents an automatic system for assessing water quality based on fish gills microscopic images. As fish gills are a good biomarker for assessing water quality, the proposed system uses fish gills microscopic images in order to detect water pollution. The proposed system consists of three phases; namely pre-processing, feature extraction, and classification phases. Since the shape is the main characteristic of fish gills microscopic images, the proposed system uses shape feature based on edge detection and wavelets transform for classifying the water-quality degree. Furthermore, it implemented Principal Components Analysis (PCA) along with Support Vector Machines (SVMs) algorithms for feature extraction and water quality degree classification. The datasets used for experiments were constructed based on real sample images for fish gills. Training dataset is divided into four classes representing the different histopathological changes and the corresponding water quality degrees. Experimental results showed that the proposed classification system has obtained water quality classification accuracy of 95.41%, using the SVMs linear kernel function and 10-fold cross validation with 37 images per class for training.

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