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Aziz, A. S. A., M. M. Fouad, and A. E. Hassanien, "Cloud Computing Forensic Analysis: Trends and Challenges", Multimedia Forensics and Security: Springer International Publishing, pp. 3–23, 2017. Abstract
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Abdelsalam, M., Mahmood A. Mahmood, Yasser Mahmoud Awad, M. Hazman, N. Elbendary, A. E. Hassanien, M. F. Tolba, and S. M. Saleh, "Climate recommender system for wheat cultivation in North Egyptian Sinai Peninsula", The 5th International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications (Springer) IBICA2014, Ostrava, Czech Republic., 22-24 June, 2013.
Abdelsalam, M., M. A. Mahmood, Yasser Mahmoud Awad, M. Hazman, N. Elbendary, A. E. Hassanien, M. F. Tolba, and S. M. Saleh, "Climate recommender system for wheat cultivation in North Egyptian Sinai Peninsula", Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications IBICA 2014: Springer International Publishing, pp. 121–130, 2014. Abstract
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Alaa Tharwat, Y. S. Moemen, and A. E. Hassanien, "Classification of toxicity effects of biotransformed hepatic drugs using whale optimized support vector machines", Journal of Biomedical Informatics, vol. 68: Academic Press, pp. 132–149, 2017. Abstract
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Schaefer, G., Niraj P. Doshi, Qinghua Hu, and A. E. Hassanien, "Classification of HEp-2 Cell Images using Compact Multi-Scale Texture Information and Margin Distribution Based Bagging ", The 2nd International Conference on Advanced Machine Learning Technologies and Applications , Egypt, November 17-19, , 2014.
Schaefer, G., N. P. Doshi, Qinghua Hu, and A. E. Hassanien, "Classification of HEp-2 Cell Images Using Compact Multi-Scale Texture Information and Margin Distribution Based Bagging", International Conference on Advanced Machine Learning Technologies and Applications: Springer International Publishing, pp. 299–308, 2014. Abstract
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Hassanien, A. E., and J. M. H. Ali, "Classification of digital mammography algorithm based on rough set theory", Automatic Control and Computer Sciences, vol. 37, no. 6: ALLERTON PRESS INC 18 WEST 27TH ST, NEW YORK, NY 10001 USA, pp. 64–71, 2003. Abstract
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Alaa Tharwat, Yasmine S. Moemen, and A. E. Hassanien, "Classification of toxicity effects of biotransformed hepatic drugs using whale optimized support vector machines", Journal of Biomedical Informatics, vol. 68, pp. 132-149 , 2017. AbstractWebsite

Measuring toxicity is an important step in drug development. Nevertheless, the current experimental methods used to estimate the drug toxicity are expensive and time-consuming, indicating that they are not suitable for large-scale evaluation of drug toxicity in the early stage of drug development. Hence, there is a high demand to develop computational models that can predict the drug toxicity risks. In this study, we used a dataset that consists of 553 drugs that biotransformed in liver. The toxic effects were calculated for the current data, namely, mutagenic, tumorigenic, irritant and reproductive effect. Each drug is represented by 31 chemical descriptors (features). The proposed model consists of three phases. In the first phase, the most discriminative subset of features is selected using rough set-based methods to reduce the classification time while improving the classification performance. In the second phase, different sampling methods such as Random Under-Sampling, Random Over-Sampling and Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE), BorderLine SMOTE and Safe Level SMOTE are used to solve the problem of imbalanced dataset. In the third phase, the Support Vector Machines (SVM) classifier is used to classify an unknown drug into toxic or non-toxic. SVM parameters such as the penalty parameter and kernel parameter have a great impact on the classification accuracy of the model. In this paper, Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA) has been proposed to optimize the parameters of SVM, so that the classification error can be reduced. The experimental results proved that the proposed model achieved high sensitivity to all toxic effects. Overall, the high sensitivity of the WOA + SVM model indicates that it could be used for the prediction of drug toxicity in the early stage of drug development.

Mahmood, M. A., N. El-Bendary, A. E. Hassanien, and H. A. Hefny, "Classification Approach based on Rough Mereology", In Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Intelligent Informatics (ISI'13), , Mysore, India, 23-24 August, 20, 2013. isi2013-india-classification_approach_based_on_rough_mereology.pdf
Mahmood, M. A., N. El-Bendary, A. E. Hassanien, and H. A. Hefny, "Classification Approach Based on Rough Mereology", Recent Advances in Intelligent Informatics: Springer International Publishing, pp. 175–184, 2014. Abstract
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Hassanien, A. E., and J. M. Ali, "Classification and Retrieval of Images from Databases Using Rough Set Theory", Distributed Artificial Intelligence, Agent Technology, and Collaborative Applications: IGI Global, pp. 179–198, 2009. Abstract
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Hassanien, A. E., and J. M. Ali, "Classification and Retrieval of Images from Databases Using Rough Set Theory", Distributed Artificial Intelligence, Agent Technology, and Collaborative Applications: IGI Global, pp. 179–198, 2009. Abstract
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Hassanien, A. E., "Classification and feature selection of breast cancer data based on decision tree algorithm", Studies in Informatics and Control, vol. 12, no. 1: INFORMATICS AND CONTROL PUBLICATIONS, pp. 33–40, 2003. Abstract
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Hassanien, A. E., "Classification and feature selection of breast cancer data based on decision tree algorithm", Studies in Informatics and Control, vol. 12, no. 1: INFORMATICS AND CONTROL PUBLICATIONS, pp. 33–40, 2003. Abstract
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Elshazly, H. I., M. Waly, A. M. Elkorany, and A. E. Hassanien, "Chronic eye disease diagnosis using ensemble-based classifier", Engineering and Technology (ICET), 2014 International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 1–6, 2014. Abstract
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Rizk Masoud, A. E. Hassanien, and Siddhartha Bhattacharyya, "Chaotic Crow Search Algorithm for Fractional Optimization Problems", Applied soft computing , 2018. Abstract

This paper presents a chaotic crow search algorithm (CCSA) for solving fractional optimization problems (FOPs). To refine the global convergence speed and enhance the exploration/exploitation tendencies, the proposed CCSA integrates chaos theory (CT) into the CSA. CT is introduced to tune the parameters of the standard CSA, yielding four variants, with the best chaotic variant being investigated. The performance of the proposed CCSA is validated on twenty well-known fractional benchmark problems. Moreover, it is validated on a fractional economic environmental power dispatch problem by attempting to minimize the ratio of total emissions to total fuel cost. Finally, the proposed CCSA is compared with the standard CSA, particle swarm optimization (PSO), firefly algorithm (FFA), dragonfly algorithm (DA) and grey wolf algorithm (GWA). Additionally, the efficiency of the proposed CCSA is justified using the non parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The experimental results prove that the proposed CCSA outperforms other algorithms in terms of quality and reliability.

Alaa Tharwat, and A. E. Hassanien, "Chaotic antlion algorithm for parameter optimization of support vector machine", Applied Intelligence, vol. 48, issue 3, pp. 670–686, 2018. AbstractWebsite

Support Vector Machine (SVM) is one of the well-known classifiers. SVM parameters such as kernel parameters and penalty parameter (C) significantly influence the classification accuracy. In this paper, a novel Chaotic Antlion Optimization (CALO) algorithm has been proposed to optimize the parameters of SVM classifier, so that the classification error can be reduced. To evaluate the proposed algorithm (CALO-SVM), the experiment adopted six standard datasets which are obtained from UCI machine learning data repository. For verification, the results of the CALO-SVM algorithm are compared with grid search, which is a conventional method of searching parameter values, standard Ant Lion Optimization (ALO) SVM, and three well-known optimization algorithms: Genetic Algorithm (GA), Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), and Social Emotional Optimization Algorithm (SEOA). The experimental results proved that the proposed algorithm is capable of finding the optimal values of the SVM parameters and avoids the local optima problem. The results also demonstrated lower classification error rates compared with GA, PSO, and SEOA algorithms.

Alaa Tharwat, T. Gaber, A. E. Hassanien, H. A. Hassanien, and M. F. Tolba, "Cattle identification using muzzle print images based on texture features approach", Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications IBICA 2014: Springer International Publishing, pp. 217–227, 2014. Abstract
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Awad, A. I., H. zawbaa, and A. E. Hassanien, "A Cattle Identification of Approach Using Live Captured Muzzle Print Images", International conference on Advances in Security of Information and Communication Networks, (SecNet 2013) , Springer , Egypt, 3-5 Sept, , 2013. a_cattle_identification.pdf
Alaa Tharwat, T. Gaber, and A. E. Hassanien, "Cattle Identification based on Muzzle Images using Gabor Features and SVM Classifier ", The 2nd International Conference on Advanced Machine Learning Technologies and Applications , Egypt, November 17-19, , 2014.
Alaa Tharwat, T. Gaber, and A. E. Hassanien, "Cattle identification based on muzzle images using gabor features and SVM classifier", International Conference on Advanced Machine Learning Technologies and Applications: Springer International Publishing, pp. 236–247, 2014. Abstract
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Awad, A. I., A. E. Hassanien, and H. M. Zawbaa, "A cattle identification approach using live captured muzzle print images", Advances in Security of Information and Communication Networks: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 143–152, 2013. Abstract
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Alaa Tharwat, T. Gaber, A. E. Hassanien, H. A. Hassanien, and M. F. Tolba, "Cattle Identi cation using Muzzle Print Images based on Texture Features Approach", The 5th International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications (Springer) IBICA2014, Ostrava, Czech Republic., 22-24 June, 2014. Abstractibica2014_p26.pdf

The increasing growth of the world trade and growing con-
cerns of food safety by consumers need a cutting-edge animal identi-
cation and traceability systems as the simple recording and reading
of tags-based systems are only eective in eradication programs of na-
tional disease. Animal biometric-based solutions, e.g. muzzle imaging
system, oer an eective and secure, and rapid method of addressing
the requirements of animal identication and traceability systems. In
this paper, we propose a robust and fast cattle identication approach.
This approach makes use of Local Binary Pattern (LBP) to extract local
invariant features from muzzle print images. We also applied dierent
classiers including Nearest Neighbor, Naive Bayes, SVM and KNN for
cattle identication. The experimental results showed that our approach
is superior than existed works as ours achieves 99,5% identication accu-
racy. In addition, the results proved that our proposed method achieved
this high accuracy even if the testing images are rotated in various angels
or occluded with dierent parts of their sizes.

Mahmoud, H. A., H. M. El Hadad, F. A. Mousa, and A. E. Hassanien, "Cattle classifications system using Fuzzy K-Nearest Neighbor Classifier", Informatics, Electronics & Vision (ICIEV), 2015 International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 1–5, 2015. Abstract
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Ayeldeen, H., M. A. Fattah, O. Shaker, A. E. Hassanien, and T. - H. Kim, "Case-Based Retrieval Approach of Clinical Breast Cancer Patients", Computer, Information and Application (CIA), 2015 3rd International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 38–41, 2015. Abstract
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