Computational intelligence optimization approach based on particle swarm optimizer and neutrosophic set for abdominal CT liver tumor segmentation

Citation:
Ahmed M. Anter, and A. E. Hassenian, "Computational intelligence optimization approach based on particle swarm optimizer and neutrosophic set for abdominal CT liver tumor segmentation", Journal of Computational Science, 2018.

Abstract:

In this paper, an improved segmentation approach for abdominal CT liver tumor based on neutrosophic sets (NS), particle swarm optimization (PSO), and fast fuzzy C-mean algorithm (FFCM) is proposed. To increase the contrast of the CT liver image, the intensity values and high frequencies of the original images were removed and adjusted firstly using median filter approach. It is followed by transforming the abdominal CT image to NS domain, which is described using three subsets namely; percentage of truth T, percentage of falsity F, and percentage of indeterminacy I. The entropy is used to evaluate indeterminacy in NS domain. Then, the NS image is passed to optimized FFCM using PSO to enhance, optimize clusters results and segment liver from abdominal CT. Then, these segmented livers passed to PSOFCM technique to cluster and segment tumors. The experimental results obtained based on the analysis of variance (ANOVA) technique, Jaccard Index and Dice Coefficient measures show that, the overall accuracy offered by neutrosophic sets is accurate, less time consuming and less sensitive to noise and performs well on non-uniform CT images.