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Rouibah, K., "Mobile-commerce intention to use via SMS: The case of Kuwait", Emerging markets and e-commerce in developing economies: IGI Global, pp. 230–253, 2009. Abstract
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Rizk-Allah, R. M., and A. E. Hassanien, "New binary bat algorithm for solving 0–1 knapsack problem", Complex & Intelligent Systems, 2017. Website
Rizk-Allah, R. M., and A. E. Hassanien, " A Hybrid Optimization Algorithm for Single and Multi-Objective Optimization Problems", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends, USA, IGI, 2017. Abstract

This chapter presents a hybrid optimization algorithm namely FOA-FA for solving single and multi-objective optimization problems. The proposed algorithm integrates the benefits of the fruit fly optimization algorithm (FOA) and the firefly algorithm (FA) to avoid the entrapment in the local optima and the premature convergence of the population. FOA operates in the direction of seeking the optimum solution while the firefly algorithm (FA) has been used to accelerate the optimum seeking process and speed up the convergence performance to the global solution. Further, the multi-objective optimization problem is scalarized to a single objective problem by weighting method, where the proposed algorithm is implemented to derive the non-inferior solutions that are in contrast to the optimal solution. Finally, the proposed FOA-FA algorithm is tested on different benchmark problems whether single or multi-objective aspects and two engineering applications. The numerical comparisons reveal the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

Rizk Masoud, A. E. Hassanien, and Siddhartha Bhattacharyya, "Chaotic Crow Search Algorithm for Fractional Optimization Problems", Applied soft computing , 2018. Abstract

This paper presents a chaotic crow search algorithm (CCSA) for solving fractional optimization problems (FOPs). To refine the global convergence speed and enhance the exploration/exploitation tendencies, the proposed CCSA integrates chaos theory (CT) into the CSA. CT is introduced to tune the parameters of the standard CSA, yielding four variants, with the best chaotic variant being investigated. The performance of the proposed CCSA is validated on twenty well-known fractional benchmark problems. Moreover, it is validated on a fractional economic environmental power dispatch problem by attempting to minimize the ratio of total emissions to total fuel cost. Finally, the proposed CCSA is compared with the standard CSA, particle swarm optimization (PSO), firefly algorithm (FFA), dragonfly algorithm (DA) and grey wolf algorithm (GWA). Additionally, the efficiency of the proposed CCSA is justified using the non parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The experimental results prove that the proposed CCSA outperforms other algorithms in terms of quality and reliability.

Reham Gharbia, and A. E. Hassanien, "Swarm Intelligence Based on Remote Sensing Image Fusion: Comparison between the Particle Swarm Optimization and the Flower Pollination Algorithm ", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends, USA, IGI, 2017. Abstract

This chapter presents a remote sensing image fusion based on swarm intelligence. Image fusion is combining multi-sensor images in a single image that has most informative. Remote sensing image fusion is an effective way to extract a large volume of data from multisource images. However, traditional image fusion approaches cannot meet the requirements of applications because they can lose spatial information or distort spectral characteristics. The core of the image fusion is image fusion rules. The main challenge is getting suitable weight of fusion rule. This chapter proposes swarm intelligence to optimize the image fusion rule. Swarm intelligence algorithms are a family of global optimizers inspired by swarm phenomena in nature and have shown better performance. In this chapter, two remote sensing image fusion based on swarm intelligence algorithms, Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and flower pollination algorithm are presented to get an adaptive image fusion rule and comparative between them.

Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, A. E. Hassanien, and M. F.Tolba, Remote sensing image fusion approach based on Brovey and wavelets transforms, , 2014. Abstractibica2014_p37.pdf

This paper proposes a remote sensing image fusion approach
based on a modi ed version of Brovey transform and wavelets. The aim is
to reduce the spectral distortion in the Brovey transform and spatial dis-
tortion in the wavelets transform. The remote sensing data sets has been
chosen for the image fusion process and the data sets were selected from
di erent satellite images in south western Sinai, Egypt. Experiments were
conducted on a variety of images, and the results of the proposed image
fusion approach were compared with principle component analysis and
the traditional Brovey approach. The obtained results show that the
proposed approach achieves less de
ection and reduces the distortion.
Several quality evaluation metrics were used for the proposed image fu-
sion like standard deviation, correlation coecient, entropy information,
peak signal to noise ratio, root mean square error and structural simi-
larity index. Experimental results obtained from proposed image fusion
approach prove that the use of the Brovey with wavelets can eciently
preserve the spectral information while improving the spatial resolution
of the remote sensing.

Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, A. E. Hassanien, and M. F. Tolba, "Remote sensing image fusion approach based on Brovey and wavelets transforms", Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications IBICA 2014: Springer International Publishing, pp. 311–321, 2014. Abstract
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Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, A. E. H. V. S.:, "Region-based Image Fusion Approach of Panchromatic and Multi-spectral Images", , Proceedings of the Second Euro-China Conference on Intelligent Data Analysis and Applications, ECC 2015, pp. 535-545, , Ostrava, Czech Republic, June 29 - July 1, 2015. Abstract

In this paper, a region-based image fusion approach were proposed based on the stationary wavelet transform (SWT) in conjunction with marker-controlled watershed segmentation technique. The SWT is redundant, linear and shift invariant and these properties allow SWT to be realized exploiting a recursive algorithm and gives a better approximation than the DWT. The performance of the fusion approach is illustrated via experimental results obtained with a broad series of images and the experimental results used the MODIS multi-spectral bands and Spot panchromatic band to validate the proposed image fusion technique. Moreover, the visual presentation and different evaluation criteria including the standard deviation, the entropy information, the correlation coefficient, the root mean square error, the peak signal to noise ratio and the structural similarity index was used to evaluate the obtained results. The proposed approach achieves superior results compared with the existing work.

Reham Gharbia, Sara Ahmed, and A. E. Hassanien, "Remote Sensing Image Registration Based On Particle Swarm Optimization and Mutual Information", The Second International Conference on INformation systems Design and Intelligent Applications ((INDIA 15), Kalyani, India, January 8-9 , 2015.
Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, A. E. Hassanien, and V. Snasel, "Region-based Image Fusion Approach of Panchromatic and Multi-spectral Images", Intelligent Data Analysis and Applications: Springer International Publishing, pp. 535–545, 2015. Abstract
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Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, A. E. Hassanien, G. Schaefer, T. Nakashima, and A. T. Azar, "Fusion of multi-spectral and panchromatic satellite images using principal component analysis and fuzzy logic", Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE), 2014 IEEE International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 1118–1122, 2014. Abstract
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Reham Gharbia, A. T. Azar, A. E. Baz, and A. E. Hassanien, "Image fusion techniques in remote sensing", arXiv preprint arXiv:1403.5473, 2014. Abstract
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Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, A. T. Azar, and A. E. Hassanien, "Principal component analysis and fuzzy-based rules approach for satellite image fusion", The annual IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE), Beijing, China, 6 July, 2014.
Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, and A. E. Hassanien, "An adaptive image fusion rule for remote sensing images based on the particle swarm optimization", Computing, Communication and Automation (ICCCA), 2016 International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 1080–1085, 2016. Abstract
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Reham Gharbia, S. A. Ahmed, and A. E. Hassanien, "Remote Sensing Image Registration Based on Particle Swarm Optimization and Mutual Information", Information Systems Design and Intelligent Applications: Springer India, pp. 399–408, 2015. Abstract
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Rehab Mahmoud, Nashwa El-Bendary, H. M. A. E. H. H. S. M. O. A., "Machine Learning-Based Measurement System for Spinal Cord Injuries Rehabilitation Length of Stay", Proceedings of the Second Euro-China Conference on Intelligent Data Analysis and Applications, ECC 2015, , Ostrava, Czech Republic, , June 29 - July , 2015. Abstract

Disabilities, specially Spinal Cord Injuries (SCI), affect people behaviors, their response, and the participation in daily activities. People with SCI need long care, cost, and time to improve their heath status. So, the rehabilitation of people with SCI on different period of times is required. In this paper, we proposed an automated system to estimate the rehabilitation length of stay of patients with SCI. The proposed system is divided into three phases; (1) pre-processing phase, (2) classification phase, and (3) rehabilitation length of stay measurement phase. The proposed system is automating International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health classification (ICF) coding process, monitoring progress in patient status, and measuring the rehabilitation time based on support vector machines algorithm. The proposed system used linear and radial basis (RBF) kernel functions of support vector machines (SVMs) classification algorithm to classify data. The accuracy obtained was full match on training and testing data for linear kernel function and 93.3 % match for RBF kernel function.

Ragab A. El-Sehiemy, Mostafa Abdelkhalik El-hosseini, and A. E. Hassanien, " Multiobjective Real-Coded Genetic Algorithm for Economic/Environmental Dispatch Problem, ", Studies in Informatics and Control, , vol. 22, issue 2, pp. 113-122, 2013. Website
Raffat, M. M., R. Ahmed, and A. E. Hassanien, "Blind 2D vector data watermarking approach using random table and polar coordinates", 2nd IEEE International Conference on Uncertainty Reasoning and Knowledge Engineering (URKE): 14-15 Aug., 2012. Abstract
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Raffat, M. M., R. Ahmed, and A. E. Hassanien, "Blind 2D vector data watermarking approach using random table and polar coordinates", 2nd IEEE International Conference on Uncertainty Reasoning and Knowledge Engineering (URKE) , Jalarta Turky , 14-15 Aug., pp. 67 – 70, 2012. Abstract

In this paper, a blind robust watermark approach for authentication 2D Map based on random table and polar coordinates mapping is presented. Firstly, All vertices will mapped into polar coordinate system. Then, the watermark is embedded using the random table of the decimal valued of the polar coordinates through the digit substitution of the decimal part. Theoretical analysis and excremental results shows that the presented approach is robust against a various attacks such as rotation, scaling and translation and also good imperceptibility.

Raffat, M. M., R. Ahmed, and A. E. Hassanien, "Blind 2D vector data watermarking approach using random table and polar coordinates", 2nd IEEE International Conference on Uncertainty Reasoning and Knowledge Engineering (URKE): 14-15 Aug., 2012. Abstract
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Radhwan, A., M. Kamel, M. Y. Dahab, and A. E. Hassanien, "Forecasting Exchange Rates: A Chaos-Based Regression Approach", International Journal of Rough Sets and Data Analysis (IJRSDA), vol. 2, no. 1: IGI Global, pp. 38–57, 2015. Abstract
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Radhwan, A., M. Kamel, M. Y. Dahab, and A. E. Hassanien, "Forecasting Exchange Rates: A Chaos-Based Regression Approach. Intelligent Approach.", International Journal of Rough Sets and Data Analysis (IJRSDA) , vol. 2, issue 1, 2015. AbstractWebsite

Accurate forecasting for future events constitutes a fascinating challenge for theoretical and for applied researches. Foreign Exchange market (FOREX) is selected in this research to represent an example of financial systems with a complex behavior. Forecasting a financial time series can be a very hard task due to the inherent uncertainty nature of these systems. It seems very difficult to tell whether a series is stochastic or deterministic chaotic or some combination of these states. More generally, the extent to which a non-linear deterministic process retains its properties when corrupted by noise is also unclear. The noise can affect a system in different ways even though the equations of the system remain deterministic. Since a single reliable statistical test for chaoticity is not available, combining multiple tests is a crucial aspect, especially when one is dealing with limited and noisy data sets like in economic and financial time series. In this research, the authors propose an improved model for forecasting exchange rates based on chaos theory that involves phase space reconstruction from the observed time series and the use of support vector regression (SVR) for forecasting.Given the exchange rates of a currency pair as scalar observations, observed time series is first analyzed to verify the existence of underlying nonlinear dynamics governing its evolution over time. Then, the time series is embedded into a higher dimensional phase space using embedding parameters.In the selection process to find the optimal embedding parameters,a novel method based on the Differential Evolution (DE) geneticalgorithm(as a global optimization technique) was applied. The authors have compared forecasting accuracy of the proposed model against the ordinary use of support vector regression. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method, which is based on chaos theory and genetic algorithm,is comparable with the existing approaches.

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