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2018
Abdelhameed Ibrahim, ali ahmed, S. Hussein, and A. E. Hassanien, "Fish Image Segmentation Using Salp Swarm Algorithm", Download book PDF EPUB International Conference on Advanced Machine Learning Technologies and Applications, Cairo, 23 Feb, 2018. Abstract

Fish image segmentation can be considered an essential process in developing a system for fish recognition. This task is challenging as different specimens, rotations, positions, illuminations, and backgrounds exist in fish images. In this research, a segmentation model is proposed for fish images using Salp Swarm Algorithm (SSA). The segmentation is formulated using Simple Linear Iterative Clustering (SLIC) method with initial parameters optimized by the SSA. The SLIC method is used to cluster image pixels to generate compact and nearly uniform superpixels. Finally, a thresholding using Otsu’s method helped to produce satisfactory results of extracted fishes from the original images under different conditions. A fish dataset consisting of real-world images was tested. In experiments, the proposed model shows robustness for different cases compared to conventional work.

Ahmed, K., A. E. Hassanien, E. Ezzat, and Siddhartha Bhattacharyya, "Swarming Behaviors of Chicken for Predicting Posts on Facebook Branding Pages", AMLTA 2018: The International Conference on Advanced Machine Learning Technologies and Applications (AMLTA2018), Cairo, 23 fEB , 2018. Abstract

The rapid increase in social networks data and users present an urgent need for predicting the performance of posted data over these networks. It helps in many industrial aspects such as election, public opinion detection and advertising or branding over social networks. This paper presents a new posts’ prediction system for Facebook’s branding pages concerning the user’s attention and interaction. CSO is utilized to optimize the ANFIS parameters for accurate prediction. CSO-ANFIS is compared with several methods including ANFIS, particle swarm optimization, genetic algorithm and krill herd optimization.

Issaa, M., A. E. Hassanien, D. Oliva, A. Helmi, and I. Z. A. and Alzohairy, "ASCA-PSO: Adaptive sine cosine optimization algorithm integrated with particle swarm for pairwise local sequence alignment", Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 99, issue 1, pp. 56-70, 2018. AbstractWebsite

The sine cosine algorithm (SCA), a recently proposed population-based optimization algorithm, is based on the use of sine and cosine trigonometric functions as operators to update the movements of the search agents. To optimize performance, different parameters on the SCA must be appropriately tuned. Setting such parameters is challenging because they permit the algorithm to escape from local optima and avoid premature convergence. The main drawback of the SCA is that the parameter setting only affects the exploitation of the prominent regions. However, the SCA has good exploration capabilities. This article presents an enhanced version of the SCA by merging it with particle swarm optimization (PSO). PSO exploits the search space better than the operators of the standard SCA. The proposed algorithm, called ASCA-PSO, has been tested over several unimodal and multimodal benchmark functions, which show its superiority over the SCA and other recent and standard meta-heuristic algorithms. Moreover, to verify the capabilities of the SCA, the SCA has been used to solve the real-world problem of a pairwise local alignment algorithm that tends to find the longest consecutive substrings between two biological sequences. Experimental results provide evidence of the good performance of the ASCA-PSO solutions in terms of accuracy and computational time.

Alaa Tharwat, and A. E. Hassanien, "Chaotic antlion algorithm for parameter optimization of support vector machine", Applied Intelligence, vol. 48, issue 3, pp. 670–686, 2018. AbstractWebsite

Support Vector Machine (SVM) is one of the well-known classifiers. SVM parameters such as kernel parameters and penalty parameter (C) significantly influence the classification accuracy. In this paper, a novel Chaotic Antlion Optimization (CALO) algorithm has been proposed to optimize the parameters of SVM classifier, so that the classification error can be reduced. To evaluate the proposed algorithm (CALO-SVM), the experiment adopted six standard datasets which are obtained from UCI machine learning data repository. For verification, the results of the CALO-SVM algorithm are compared with grid search, which is a conventional method of searching parameter values, standard Ant Lion Optimization (ALO) SVM, and three well-known optimization algorithms: Genetic Algorithm (GA), Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), and Social Emotional Optimization Algorithm (SEOA). The experimental results proved that the proposed algorithm is capable of finding the optimal values of the SVM parameters and avoids the local optima problem. The results also demonstrated lower classification error rates compared with GA, PSO, and SEOA algorithms.

Ahmed M. Anter, and A. E. Hassenian, "Computational intelligence optimization approach based on particle swarm optimizer and neutrosophic set for abdominal CT liver tumor segmentation", Journal of Computational Science, 2018. Abstract

In this paper, an improved segmentation approach for abdominal CT liver tumor based on neutrosophic sets (NS), particle swarm optimization (PSO), and fast fuzzy C-mean algorithm (FFCM) is proposed. To increase the contrast of the CT liver image, the intensity values and high frequencies of the original images were removed and adjusted firstly using median filter approach. It is followed by transforming the abdominal CT image to NS domain, which is described using three subsets namely; percentage of truth T, percentage of falsity F, and percentage of indeterminacy I. The entropy is used to evaluate indeterminacy in NS domain. Then, the NS image is passed to optimized FFCM using PSO to enhance, optimize clusters results and segment liver from abdominal CT. Then, these segmented livers passed to PSOFCM technique to cluster and segment tumors. The experimental results obtained based on the analysis of variance (ANOVA) technique, Jaccard Index and Dice Coefficient measures show that, the overall accuracy offered by neutrosophic sets is accurate, less time consuming and less sensitive to noise and performs well on non-uniform CT images.

Hassanien, A. E., S. H. Basha, and A. S. Abdalla, "Generalization of Fuzzy C-Means Based on Neutrosophic Logic", Studies in Informatics and Control, vol. 27, issue 1, pp. 43-54, , 2018. Abstract

This article presents a New Neutrosophic C-Means (NNCMs) method for clustering. It uses the neutrosophic logic (NL), to generalize the Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) clustering system. The NNCMs system assigns objects to clusters using three degrees of membership: a degree of truth, a degree of indeterminacy, and a degree of falsity, rather than only the truth degree used in the FCM. The indeterminacy degree, in the NL, helps in categorizing objects laying in the intersection and the boundary areas. Therefore, the NNCMs reaches more accurate results in clustering. These degrees are initialized randomly without any constraints. That is followed by calculating the clusters’ centers. Then, iteratively, the NNCMs updates the membership values of every object, and the clusters’ centers. Finally, it measures the accuracy and tests the objective function. The performance of the proposed system is tested on the six real-world databases: Iris, Wine, Wisconsin Diagnostic Breast Cancer, Seeds, Pima, and Statlog (Heart). The comparison between the two systems shows that the proposed NNCMs is more accurate.

Inbarani, H. H., S. Udhaya Kumar, A. T. Azar, and A. E. Hassanien, "Hybrid rough-bijective soft set classification system", Neural Computing and Applications, , vol. 29, issue 8, pp. 67–78., 2018. Abstract

In today’s medical world, the patient’s data with symptoms and diseases are expanding rapidly, so that analysis of all factors with updated knowledge about symptoms and corresponding new treatment is merely not possible by medical experts. Hence, the essential for an intelligent system to reflect the different issues and recognize an appropriate model between the different parameters is evident. In recent decades, rough set theory (RST) has been broadly applied in various fields such as medicine, business, education, engineering and multimedia. In this study, a hybrid intelligent system that combines rough set (RST) and bijective soft set theory (BISO) to build a robust classifier model is proposed. The aim of the hybrid system is to exploit the advantages of the constituent components while eliminating their limitations. The resulting approach is thus able to handle data inconsistency in datasets through rough sets, while obtaining high classification accuracy based on prediction using bijective soft sets. Toward estimating the performance of the hybrid rough-bijective soft set (RBISO)-based classification approach, six benchmark medical datasets (Wisconsin breast cancer, liver disorder, hepatitis, Pima Indian diabetes, echocardiogram data and thyroid gland) from the UCI repository of machine learning databases are utilized. Experimental results, based on evaluation in terms of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy, are compared with other well-known classification methods, and the proposed algorithm provides an effective method for medical data classification.

Alaa Tharwat, M. Elhoseny, A. E. Hassanien, and T. G. A. and Kumar, "Intelligent Bézier curve-based path planning model using Chaotic Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm", Cluster Computing, 2018. Abstract

Path planning algorithms have been used in different applications with the aim of finding a suitable collision-free path which satisfies some certain criteria such as the shortest path length and smoothness; thus, defining a suitable curve to describe path is essential. The main goal of these algorithms is to find the shortest and smooth path between the starting and target points. This paper makes use of a Bézier curve-based model for path planning. The control points of the Bézier curve significantly influence the length and smoothness of the path. In this paper, a novel Chaotic Particle Swarm Optimization (CPSO) algorithm has been proposed to optimize the control points of Bézier curve, and the proposed algorithm comes in two variants: CPSO-I and CPSO-II. Using the chosen control points, the optimum smooth path that minimizes the total distance between the starting and ending points is selected. To evaluate the CPSO algorithm, the results of the CPSO-I and CPSO-II algorithms are compared with the standard PSO algorithm. The experimental results proved that the proposed algorithm is capable of finding the optimal path. Moreover, the CPSO algorithm was tested against different numbers of control points and obstacles, and the CPSO algorithm achieved competitive results.

Elhoseny, M., Alaa Tharwat, X. Yuan, and A. E. Hassanien, "Optimizing K-coverage of mobile WSNs", Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 92, 2018. AbstractWebsite

Recently, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are widely used for monitoring and tracking applications. Sensor mobility adds extra flexibility and greatly expands the application space. Due to the limited energy and battery lifetime for each sensor, it can remain active only for a limited amount of time. To avoid the drawbacks of the classical coverage model, especially if a sensor died, K-coverage model requires at least k sensor nodes monitor any target to consider it covered. This paper proposed a new model that uses the Genetic Algorithm (GA) to optimize the coverage requirements in WSNs to provide continuous monitoring of specified targets for longest possible time with limited energy resources. Moreover, we allow sensor nodes to move to appropriate positions to collect environmental information. Our model is based on the continuous and variable speed movement of mobile sensors to keep all targets under their cover all times. To further prove that our proposed model is better than other related work, a set of experiments in different working environments and a comparison with the most related work are conducted. The improvement that our proposed method achieved regarding the network lifetime was in a range of 26%–41.3% using stationary nodes while it was in a range of 29.3%–45.7% using mobile nodes. In addition, the network throughput is improved in a range of 13%–17.6%. Moreover, the running time to form the network structure and switch between nodes’ modes is reduced by 12%.

2017
Eslam Hassan, A. Hafez, A. E. H. and, and A. Fahmy, " Nature inspired algorithms for solving the community detection problem, ", Logic Journal of the IGPL: Oxford Journals, 2017.
Amira Sayed A. Aziza, S. E. - O. Hanafi, and A. E. Hassanien, " , Comparison of classification techniques applied for network intrusion detection and classification, ", Journal of Applied Logic Available online 14 November 2017, 2017. AbstractWebsite
Alaa Tharwat, and A. E. Hassanien, " Chaotic Antlion Algorithm for Parameter Optimization of Support Vector Machine", Applied Intelligence , vol. in press, 2017. AbstractWebsite

Support Vector Machine (SVM) is one of the well-known classifiers. SVM parameters such as kernel
parameters and penalty parameter (C) significantly influences the classification accuracy. In this
paper, a novel Chaotic Antlion Optimization (CALO) algorithm has been proposed to optimize the
parameters of SVM classifier, so that the classification error can be reduced. To evaluate the proposed
model (CALO-SVM), the experiment adopted six standard datasets which are obtained from UCI machine
learning data repository. For verification, the results of the CALO-SVM algorithm are compared
with grid search, which is a conventional method of searching parameter values, standard Ant Lion
Optimization (ALO) SVM, and two well-known optimization algorithms: Genetic algorithm (GA)
and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). The experimental results proved that the proposed model is
capable to find the optimal values of the SVM parameters and avoids the local optima problem. The
results also demonstrated lower classification error rates compared with GA and PSO algorithms

Abdelhameed Ibrahim, T. Horiuchi, S. Tominaga, and A. E. Hassanien, " Color Invariant Representation and Applications", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends,, USA, IGI, USA, pp.21, 2017. Abstract

Illumination factors such as shading, shadow, and highlight observed from object surfaces affect the appearance and analysis of natural color images. Invariant representations to these factors were presented in several ways. Most of these methods used the standard dichromatic reflection model that assumed inhomogeneous dielectric material. The standard model cannot describe metallic objects. This chapter introduces an illumination-invariant representation that is derived from the standard dichromatic reflection model for inhomogeneous dielectric and the extended dichromatic reflection model for homogeneous metal. The illumination color is estimated from two inhomogeneous surfaces to recover the surface reflectance of object without using a reference white standard. The overall performance of the invariant representation is examined in experiments using real-world objects including metals and dielectrics in detail. The feasibility of the representation for effective edge detection is introduced and compared with the state-of-the-art illumination-invariant methods.

El-Said, S. A., H. M. A. Atta, and A. E. Hassanien, " Interactive soft tissue modelling for virtual reality surgery simulation and planning,", Int. J. Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, Inderscience, , vol. 9, issue 1, pp. pp. 38-61, 2017. AbstractWebsite

While most existing virtual reality-based surgical simulators in the literature use linear deformation models, soft-tissues exhibit geometric and material nonlinearities that should be taken into account for realistic modelling of the deformations. In this paper, an interactive soft tissue model (ISTM) which enables flexible, accurate and robust simulation of surgical interventions on virtual patients is proposed. In ISTM, simulating the tool-tissue interactions using nonlinear dynamic analysis is formulated within a total Lagrangian framework, and the energy function is modified by adding a term in order to achieve material incompressibility. The simulation results show that ISTM increases the stability and eliminates integration errors in the dynamic solution, decreases calculation costs by a factor of 5-7, and leads to very stable and sufficiently accurate results. From the simulation results it can be concluded that the proposed model can successfully create acceptable soft tissue models and generate realistically visual effects of surgical simulation.

el-hoseny, M., Alaa Tharwat, and A. E. Hassanien, "Bezier Curve Based Path Planning in a Dynamic Field using Modified Genetic Algorithm", Journal of Computational Science, 2017. Website
Alaa Tharwat, Yasmine S. Moemen, and A. E. Hassanien, "Classification of toxicity effects of biotransformed hepatic drugs using whale optimized support vector machines", Journal of Biomedical Informatics, vol. 68, pp. 132-149 , 2017. AbstractWebsite

Measuring toxicity is an important step in drug development. Nevertheless, the current experimental methods used to estimate the drug toxicity are expensive and time-consuming, indicating that they are not suitable for large-scale evaluation of drug toxicity in the early stage of drug development. Hence, there is a high demand to develop computational models that can predict the drug toxicity risks. In this study, we used a dataset that consists of 553 drugs that biotransformed in liver. The toxic effects were calculated for the current data, namely, mutagenic, tumorigenic, irritant and reproductive effect. Each drug is represented by 31 chemical descriptors (features). The proposed model consists of three phases. In the first phase, the most discriminative subset of features is selected using rough set-based methods to reduce the classification time while improving the classification performance. In the second phase, different sampling methods such as Random Under-Sampling, Random Over-Sampling and Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE), BorderLine SMOTE and Safe Level SMOTE are used to solve the problem of imbalanced dataset. In the third phase, the Support Vector Machines (SVM) classifier is used to classify an unknown drug into toxic or non-toxic. SVM parameters such as the penalty parameter and kernel parameter have a great impact on the classification accuracy of the model. In this paper, Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA) has been proposed to optimize the parameters of SVM, so that the classification error can be reduced. The experimental results proved that the proposed model achieved high sensitivity to all toxic effects. Overall, the high sensitivity of the WOA + SVM model indicates that it could be used for the prediction of drug toxicity in the early stage of drug development.

Ahmed, K., and A. E. Hassanien, "An Efficient Approach for Community Detection in Complex Social Networks Based on Elephant Swarm Optimization Algorithm", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends, USA, IGI, 2017. Abstract

Complex social networks analysis is an important research trend, which basically based on community detection. Community detection is the process of dividing the complex social network into a dynamic number of clusters based on their edges connectivity. This paper presents an efficient Elephant Swarm Optimization Algorithm for community detection problem (EESO) as an optimization approach. EESO can define dynamically the number of communities within complex social network. Experimental results are proved that EESO can handle the community detection problem and define the structure of complex networks with high accuracy and quality measures of NMI and modularity over four popular benchmarks such as Zachary Karate Club, Bottlenose Dolphin, American college football and Facebook. EESO presents high promised results against eight community detection algorithms such as discrete krill herd algorithm, discrete Bat algorithm, artificial fish swarm algorithm, fast greedy, label propagation, walktrap, Multilevel and InfoMap.

Sharif, M. M., Alaa Tharwat, A. E. Hassanien, and H. A. Hefny, "Enzyme Function Classification: Reviews, Approaches, and Trends: ", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends , USA, IGI, USA pp. 26 , 2017. Abstract

Enzymes are important in our life and it plays a vital role in the most biological processes in the living organisms and such as metabolic pathways. The classification of enzyme functionality from a sequence, structure data or the extracted features remains a challenging task. Traditional experiments consume more time, efforts, and cost. On the other hand, an automated classification of the enzymes saves efforts, money and time. The aim of this chapter is to cover and reviews the different approaches, which developed and conducted to classify and predict the functions of the enzyme proteins in addition to the new trends and challenges that could be considered now and in the future. The chapter addresses the main three approaches which are used in the classification the function of enzymatic proteins and illustrated the mechanism, pros, cons, and examples for each one.

Ismael, G., A. E. H. and, and A. Taher, "Feature selection via a novel chaotic crow search algorithm,", Neural Computing and Applications , 2017. AbstractWebsite

Crow search algorithm (CSA) is a new natural inspired algorithm proposed by Askarzadeh in 2016. The main inspiration of CSA came from crow search mechanism for hiding their food. Like most of the optimization algorithms, CSA suffers from low convergence rate and entrapment in local optima. In this paper, a novel meta-heuristic optimizer, namely chaotic crow search algorithm (CCSA), is proposed to overcome these problems. The proposed CCSA is applied to optimize feature selection problem for 20 benchmark datasets. Ten chaotic maps are employed during the optimization process of CSA. The performance of CCSA is compared with other well-known and recent optimization algorithms. Experimental results reveal the capability of CCSA to find an optimal feature subset which maximizes the classification performance and minimizes the number of selected features. Moreover, the results show that CCSA is superior compared to CSA and the other algorithms. In addition, the experiments show that sine chaotic map is the appropriate map to significantly boost the performance of CSA.

Inbarani, H., U. S. Kum, A. T. Azar, and A. E. Hassanien, "Hybrid Rough-Bijective Soft Set Classification system,", Neural Computing and Applications (NCAA) , pp. , pp, 1-21, 2017 , 2017. AbstractWebsite

In today’s medical world, the patient’s data with symptoms and diseases are expanding rapidly, so that analysis of all factors with updated knowledge about symptoms and corresponding new treatment is merely not possible by medical experts. Hence, the essential for an intelligent system to reflect the different issues and recognize an appropriate model between the different parameters is evident. In recent decades, rough set theory (RST) has been broadly applied in various fields such as medicine, business, education, engineering and multimedia. In this study, a hybrid intelligent system that combines rough set (RST) and bijective soft set theory (BISO) to build a robust classifier model is proposed. The aim of the hybrid system is to exploit the advantages of the constituent components while eliminating their limitations. The resulting approach is thus able to handle data inconsistency in datasets through rough sets, while obtaining high classification accuracy based on prediction using bijective soft sets. Toward estimating the performance of the hybrid rough-bijective soft set (RBISO)-based classification approach, six benchmark medical datasets (Wisconsin breast cancer, liver disorder, hepatitis, Pima Indian diabetes, echocardiogram data and thyroid gland) from the UCI repository of machine learning databases are utilized. Experimental results, based on evaluation in terms of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy, are compared with other well-known classification methods, and the proposed algorithm provides an effective method for medical data classification.

Alaa Tharwat, T. Gaber, Abdelhameed Ibrahim, and A. E. Hassanien, "Linear Discriminant Analysis: A Detailed Tutorial", AI Communications, IOS press, 2017. linear_discreminate_analysisp_detailed_tutorails.pdf
Hassanien, A. E., M. M. Fouad, A. A. Manaf, M. Zamani, R. Ahmad, and J. Kacprzyk, Multimedia Forensics and Security: Foundations, Innovations, and Applications, , Germany , Springer, 2017. AbstractWebsite

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Elghamrawy, S., and Aboul Ella Hassa, "A Partitioning Framework for Cassandra NoSQL Database using Rendezvous Hashing", Journal of Supercomputing (SUPE), Springer , vol. pp 1–22, 2017. AbstractWebsite

Due to the gradual expansion in data volume used in social networks and cloud computing, the term “Big data” has appeared with its challenges to store the immense datasets. Many tools and algorithms appeared to handle the challenges of storing big data. NoSQL databases, such as Cassandra and MongoDB, are designed with a novel data management system that can handle and process huge volumes of data. Partitioning data in NoSQL databases is considered one of the critical challenges in database design. In this paper, a MapReduce Rendezvous Hashing-Based Virtual Hierarchies (MR-RHVH) framework is proposed for scalable partitioning of Cassandra NoSQL database. The MapReduce framework is used to implement MR-RHVH on Cassandra to enhance its performance in highly distributed environments. MR-RHVH distributes the nodes to rendezvous regions based on a proposed Adopted Virtual Hierarchies strategy. Each region is responsible for a set of nodes. In addition, a proposed bloom filter evaluator is used to ensure the accurate allocation of keys to nodes in each region. Moreover, a number of experiments were performed to evaluate the performance of MR-RHVH framework, using YCSB for database benchmarking. The results show high scalability rate and less time consuming for MR-RHVH framework over different recent systems.

Khairy, M., Alaa Tharwat, T. Gaber, and A. E. Hassanien, "A wheelchair control system using the human machine interaction: Single-modal and Multi-modal approaches", ournal of Intelligent Systems (JISYS), vol. In press, 2017.
Alaa Tharwat, Y. S. Moemen, and A. E. Hassanien, "Classification of toxicity effects of biotransformed hepatic drugs using whale optimized support vector machines", Journal of Biomedical Informatics, vol. 68: Academic Press, pp. 132–149, 2017. Abstract
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