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Salama, M. A., A. E. Hassanien, and K. Revett, "Employment of neural network and rough set in meta-learning", Memetic Computing Springer , 2013. AbstractWebsite

The selection of the optimal ensembles of classifiers in multiple-classifier selection technique is un-decidable in many cases and it is potentially subjected to a trial-and-error search. This paper introduces a quantitative meta-learning approach based on neural network and rough set theory in the selection of the best predictive model. This approach depends directly on the characteristic, meta-features of the input data sets. The employed meta-features are the degree of discreteness and the distribution of the features in the input data set, the fuzziness of these features related to the target class labels and finally the correlation and covariance between the different features. The experimental work that consider these criteria are applied on twenty nine data sets using different classification techniques including support vector machine, decision tables and Bayesian believe model. The measures of these criteria and the best result classification technique are used to build a meta data set. The role of the neural network is to perform a black-box prediction of the optimal, best fitting, classification technique. The role of the rough set theory is the generation of the decision rules that controls this prediction approach. Finally, formal concept analysis is applied for the visualization of the generated rules.

Salama, M. A., A. E. Hassanien, and A. A. Fahmy, "Reducing the influence of normalization on data classification", Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management Applications (CISIM), 2010 International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 609–613, 2010. Abstract
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Salama, M. A., O. S. Soliman, I. Maglogiannis, A. E. Hassanien, and A. A. Fahmy, "Rough set-based identification of heart valve diseases using heart sounds", Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems-Professor Zdzisław Pawlak in Memoriam: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 475–491, 2013. Abstract
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Sahlol, A., M. A. Fattah, C. Y. Suen, and A. E. Hassanien, "Particle Swarm Optimization with Random Forests for Handwritten Arabic Recognition System", International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Systems and Informatics: Springer International Publishing, pp. 437–446, 2016. Abstract
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Sahlol, A. T., C. Y. Suen, H. M. Zawbaa, A. E. Hassanien, and M. A. Fattah, "Bio-inspired BAT optimization algorithm for handwritten Arabic characters recognition", Evolutionary Computation (CEC), 2016 IEEE Congress on: IEEE, pp. 1749–1756, 2016. Abstract
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Sahlol, A., A. M. Hemdan, and A. E. Hassanien, "Prediction of Antioxidant Status in Fish Farmed on Selenium Nanoparticles using Neural Network Regression Algorithm", International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Systems and Informatics: Springer International Publishing, pp. 353–364, 2016. Abstract
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Sahlol, A. T., A. A. Ewees, A. M. H.;, and A. E. Hassanien, "Training feedforward neural networks using Sine-Cosine algorithm to improve the prediction of liver enzymes on fish farmed on nano-selenite", 12th International Computer Engineering Conference (ICENCO),, Cairo, 28-29 Dec, 2016. Abstract

Analytical prediction of oxidative stress biomarkers in ecosystem provides an expressive result for many stressors. These oxidative stress biomarkers including superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase activity in fish liver tissue were analyzed within feeding different levels of selenium nanoparticles. Se-nanoparticles represent a salient defense mechanism in oxidative stress within certain limits; however, stress can be engendered from toxic levels of these nanoparticles. For instance, prediction of the level of pollution and/or stressors was elucidated to be improved with different levels of selenium nanoparticles using the bio-inspired Sine-Cosine algorithm (SCA). In this paper, we improved the prediction accuracy of liver enzymes of fish fed by nano-selenite by developing a neural network model based on SCA, that can train and update the weights and the biases of the network until reaching the optimum value. The performance of the proposed model is better and achieved more efficient than other models.

Sahlol, A. T., and A. E. Hassanien, "Bio-Inspired Optimization Algorithms for Arabic Handwritten Characters", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends: IGI Global, pp. 897–914, 2017. Abstract
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Sahlol, A. T., and A. E. Hassanien, "Bio-Inspired Optimization Algorithms for Arabic Handwritten Characters", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends, USA, IGI, 2017. Abstract

There are still many obstacles for achieving high recognition accuracy for Arabic handwritten optical character recognition system, each character has a different shape, as well as the similarities between characters. In this chapter, several feature selection-based bio-inspired optimization algorithms including Bat Algorithm, Grey Wolf Optimization, Whale optimization Algorithm, Particle Swarm Optimization and Genetic Algorithm have been presented and an application of Arabic handwritten characters recognition has been chosen to see their ability and accuracy to recognize Arabic characters. The experiments have been performed using a benchmark dataset, CENPARMI by k-Nearest neighbors, Linear Discriminant Analysis, and random forests. The achieved results show superior results for the selected features when comparing the classification accuracy for the selected features by the optimization algorithms with the whole feature set in terms of the classification accuracy and the processing time. The experiments have been performed using a benchmark dataset, CENPARMI by k-Nearest neighbors, Linear Discriminant Analysis, and random forests. The achieved results show superior results for the selected features when comparing the classification accuracy for the selected features by the optimization algorithms with the whole feature set in terms of the classification accuracy and the processing time.

Sahlol, A. T., A. A. Ewees, A. M. Hemdan, and A. E. Hassanien, "Training feedforward neural networks using Sine-Cosine algorithm to improve the prediction of liver enzymes on fish farmed on nano-selenite", Computer Engineering Conference (ICENCO), 2016 12th International: IEEE, pp. 35–40, 2016. Abstract
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Sahba, F., H. R. Tizhoosh, and M. M. A. Salama, "Reinforced Medical Image Segmentation", Computational Intelligence in Medical Imaging: Techniques and Applications: Chapman and Hall/CRC, pp. 327–345, 2009. Abstract
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Saad, O., A. Darwish, and R. Faraj, "A survey of machine learning techniques for Spam filtering", International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security (IJCSNS), vol. 12, no. 2: International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, pp. 66, 2012. Abstract
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and ella S. Udhaya Kumar, H. Hannah Inbarani, A. T. A. A. H., "Identification of Heart Valve Disease using Bijective, Soft sets Theory ", International Journal of Rough Sets and Data Analysis, vol. 1, issue 2, pp. , 1(2), 1-13, 2014. Abstract

Major complication of heart valve diseases is congestive heart valve failure. The heart is of essential significance to human beings. Auscultation with a stethoscope is considered as one of the techniques used in the analysis of heart diseases. Heart auscultation is a difficult task to determine the heart condition and requires some superior training of medical doctors. Therefore, the use of computerized techniques in the diagnosis of heart sounds may help the doctors in a clinical environment. Hence, in this study computer-aided heart sound diagnosis is performed to give support to doctors in decision making. In this study, a novel hybrid Rough-Bijective soft set is developed for the classification of heart valve diseases. A rough set (Quick Reduct) based feature selection technique is applied before classification for increasing the classification accuracy. The experimental results demonstrate that the overall classification accuracy offered by the employed Improved Bijective soft set approach (IBISOCLASS) provides higher accuracy compared with other classification techniques including hybrid Rough-Bijective soft set (RBISOCLASS), Bijective soft set (BISOCLASS), Decision table (DT), Naïve Bayes (NB) and J48.

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Rouibah, K., "Mobile-commerce intention to use via SMS: The case of Kuwait", Emerging markets and e-commerce in developing economies: IGI Global, pp. 230–253, 2009. Abstract
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Rizk-Allah, R. M., and A. E. Hassanien, "New binary bat algorithm for solving 0–1 knapsack problem", Complex & Intelligent Systems, 2017. Website
Rizk-Allah, R. M., and A. E. Hassanien, " A Hybrid Optimization Algorithm for Single and Multi-Objective Optimization Problems", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends, USA, IGI, 2017. Abstract

This chapter presents a hybrid optimization algorithm namely FOA-FA for solving single and multi-objective optimization problems. The proposed algorithm integrates the benefits of the fruit fly optimization algorithm (FOA) and the firefly algorithm (FA) to avoid the entrapment in the local optima and the premature convergence of the population. FOA operates in the direction of seeking the optimum solution while the firefly algorithm (FA) has been used to accelerate the optimum seeking process and speed up the convergence performance to the global solution. Further, the multi-objective optimization problem is scalarized to a single objective problem by weighting method, where the proposed algorithm is implemented to derive the non-inferior solutions that are in contrast to the optimal solution. Finally, the proposed FOA-FA algorithm is tested on different benchmark problems whether single or multi-objective aspects and two engineering applications. The numerical comparisons reveal the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

Rizk Masoud, A. E. Hassanien, and Siddhartha Bhattacharyya, "Chaotic Crow Search Algorithm for Fractional Optimization Problems", Applied soft computing , 2018. Abstract

This paper presents a chaotic crow search algorithm (CCSA) for solving fractional optimization problems (FOPs). To refine the global convergence speed and enhance the exploration/exploitation tendencies, the proposed CCSA integrates chaos theory (CT) into the CSA. CT is introduced to tune the parameters of the standard CSA, yielding four variants, with the best chaotic variant being investigated. The performance of the proposed CCSA is validated on twenty well-known fractional benchmark problems. Moreover, it is validated on a fractional economic environmental power dispatch problem by attempting to minimize the ratio of total emissions to total fuel cost. Finally, the proposed CCSA is compared with the standard CSA, particle swarm optimization (PSO), firefly algorithm (FFA), dragonfly algorithm (DA) and grey wolf algorithm (GWA). Additionally, the efficiency of the proposed CCSA is justified using the non parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The experimental results prove that the proposed CCSA outperforms other algorithms in terms of quality and reliability.

Reham Gharbia, A. T. Azar, A. E. Baz, and A. E. Hassanien, "Image fusion techniques in remote sensing", arXiv preprint arXiv:1403.5473, 2014. Abstract
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Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, A. E. Hassanien, and M. F. Tolba, "Remote sensing image fusion approach based on Brovey and wavelets transforms", Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications IBICA 2014: Springer International Publishing, pp. 311–321, 2014. Abstract
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Reham Gharbia, and A. E. Hassanien, "Swarm Intelligence Based on Remote Sensing Image Fusion: Comparison between the Particle Swarm Optimization and the Flower Pollination Algorithm ", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends, USA, IGI, 2017. Abstract

This chapter presents a remote sensing image fusion based on swarm intelligence. Image fusion is combining multi-sensor images in a single image that has most informative. Remote sensing image fusion is an effective way to extract a large volume of data from multisource images. However, traditional image fusion approaches cannot meet the requirements of applications because they can lose spatial information or distort spectral characteristics. The core of the image fusion is image fusion rules. The main challenge is getting suitable weight of fusion rule. This chapter proposes swarm intelligence to optimize the image fusion rule. Swarm intelligence algorithms are a family of global optimizers inspired by swarm phenomena in nature and have shown better performance. In this chapter, two remote sensing image fusion based on swarm intelligence algorithms, Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and flower pollination algorithm are presented to get an adaptive image fusion rule and comparative between them.

Reham Gharbia, Sara Ahmed, and A. E. Hassanien, "Remote Sensing Image Registration Based On Particle Swarm Optimization and Mutual Information", The Second International Conference on INformation systems Design and Intelligent Applications ((INDIA 15), Kalyani, India, January 8-9 , 2015.
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