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Salama, M. A., A. E. Hassanien, and K. Revett, "Employment of neural network and rough set in meta-learning", Memetic Computing, vol. 5, no. 3: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 165–177, 2013. Abstract
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Salama, M., Data Mining for Medical Informatics, , Cairo, Cairo Unv, 2012. AbstractThesis.pdfPresentation.pdf

The work presented in this thesis investigates the nature of real-life data, mainly in the medical field, and the problems in handling such nature by the conventional data mining techniques. Accordingly, a set of alternative techniques are proposed in this thesis to handle the medical data in the three stages of data mining process. In the first stage which is preprocessing, a proposed technique named as interval-based feature evaluation technique that depends on a hypothesis that the decrease of the overlapped interval of values for every class label leads to increase the importance of such attribute. Such technique handles the difficulty of dealing with continuous data attributes without the need of applying discretization of the input and it is proved by comparing the results of the proposed technique to other attribute evaluation and selection techniques. Also in the preprocessing stage, the negative effect of normalization algorithm before applying the conventional PCA has been investigated and how the avoidance of such algorithm enhances the resulted classification accuracy. Finally in the preprocessing stage, an experimental analysis introduces the ability of rough set methodology to successfully classify data without the need of applying feature reduction technique. It shows that the overall classification accuracy offered by the employed rough set approach is high compared with other machine learning techniques including Support Vector Machine, Hidden Naive Bayesian network, Bayesian network and other techniques.
In the machine learning stage, frequent pattern-based classification technique is proposed; it depends on the detection of variation of attributes among objects of the same class. The preprocessing of the data like standardization, normalization, discretization or feature reduction is not required in this technique which enhances the performance in time and keeps the original data without being distorted. Another contribution has been proposed in the machine learning stage including the support vector machine and fuzzy c-mean clustering techniques; this contribution is about the enhancement of the Euclidean space calculations through applying the fuzzy logic in such calculations. This enhancement has used chimerge feature evaluation techniques in applying fuzzification on the level of features. A comparison is applied on these enhanced techniques to the other classical data mining techniques and the results shows that classical models suffers from low classification accuracy due to the dependence of un-existed presumption.
Finally, in the visualization stage, a proposed technique is presented to visualize the continuous data using Formal Concept Analysis that is better than the complications resulted from the scaling algorithms.

Salama, M., A. E. Hassanien, and Adel Alimi, "Formal concept analysis approach for comparison between mutagenicity and carcinogenicity in Cheminformatics. ", 13th IEEE International Conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems |(HIS13) Tunisia, 4-6 Dec. pp. 268-273, 2013, Tunisia, , 4-6 Dec, 2013.
Sahlol, A. T., A. A. Ewees, A. M. Hemdan, and A. E. Hassanien, "Training feedforward neural networks using Sine-Cosine algorithm to improve the prediction of liver enzymes on fish farmed on nano-selenite", Computer Engineering Conference (ICENCO), 2016 12th International: IEEE, pp. 35–40, 2016. Abstract
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Sahlol, A., M. A. Fattah, C. Y. Suen, and A. E. Hassanien, "Particle Swarm Optimization with Random Forests for Handwritten Arabic Recognition System", International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Systems and Informatics: Springer International Publishing, pp. 437–446, 2016. Abstract
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Sahlol, A. T., C. Y. Suen, H. M. Zawbaa, A. E. Hassanien, and M. A. Fattah, "Bio-inspired BAT optimization algorithm for handwritten Arabic characters recognition", Evolutionary Computation (CEC), 2016 IEEE Congress on: IEEE, pp. 1749–1756, 2016. Abstract
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Sahlol, A. T., A. A. Ewees, A. M. H.;, and A. E. Hassanien, "Training feedforward neural networks using Sine-Cosine algorithm to improve the prediction of liver enzymes on fish farmed on nano-selenite", 12th International Computer Engineering Conference (ICENCO),, Cairo, 28-29 Dec, 2016. Abstract

Analytical prediction of oxidative stress biomarkers in ecosystem provides an expressive result for many stressors. These oxidative stress biomarkers including superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase activity in fish liver tissue were analyzed within feeding different levels of selenium nanoparticles. Se-nanoparticles represent a salient defense mechanism in oxidative stress within certain limits; however, stress can be engendered from toxic levels of these nanoparticles. For instance, prediction of the level of pollution and/or stressors was elucidated to be improved with different levels of selenium nanoparticles using the bio-inspired Sine-Cosine algorithm (SCA). In this paper, we improved the prediction accuracy of liver enzymes of fish fed by nano-selenite by developing a neural network model based on SCA, that can train and update the weights and the biases of the network until reaching the optimum value. The performance of the proposed model is better and achieved more efficient than other models.

Sahlol, A., A. M. Hemdan, and A. E. Hassanien, "Prediction of Antioxidant Status in Fish Farmed on Selenium Nanoparticles using Neural Network Regression Algorithm", International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Systems and Informatics: Springer International Publishing, pp. 353–364, 2016. Abstract
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Sahlol, A. T., and A. E. Hassanien, "Bio-Inspired Optimization Algorithms for Arabic Handwritten Characters", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends: IGI Global, pp. 897–914, 2017. Abstract
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Sahlol, A. T., and A. E. Hassanien, "Bio-Inspired Optimization Algorithms for Arabic Handwritten Characters", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends, USA, IGI, 2017. Abstract

There are still many obstacles for achieving high recognition accuracy for Arabic handwritten optical character recognition system, each character has a different shape, as well as the similarities between characters. In this chapter, several feature selection-based bio-inspired optimization algorithms including Bat Algorithm, Grey Wolf Optimization, Whale optimization Algorithm, Particle Swarm Optimization and Genetic Algorithm have been presented and an application of Arabic handwritten characters recognition has been chosen to see their ability and accuracy to recognize Arabic characters. The experiments have been performed using a benchmark dataset, CENPARMI by k-Nearest neighbors, Linear Discriminant Analysis, and random forests. The achieved results show superior results for the selected features when comparing the classification accuracy for the selected features by the optimization algorithms with the whole feature set in terms of the classification accuracy and the processing time. The experiments have been performed using a benchmark dataset, CENPARMI by k-Nearest neighbors, Linear Discriminant Analysis, and random forests. The achieved results show superior results for the selected features when comparing the classification accuracy for the selected features by the optimization algorithms with the whole feature set in terms of the classification accuracy and the processing time.

Sahba, F., H. R. Tizhoosh, and M. M. A. Salama, "Reinforced Medical Image Segmentation", Computational Intelligence in Medical Imaging: Techniques and Applications: Chapman and Hall/CRC, pp. 327–345, 2009. Abstract
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Saad, O., A. Darwish, and R. Faraj, "A survey of machine learning techniques for Spam filtering", International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security (IJCSNS), vol. 12, no. 2: International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, pp. 66, 2012. Abstract
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and ella S. Udhaya Kumar, H. Hannah Inbarani, A. T. A. A. H., "Identification of Heart Valve Disease using Bijective, Soft sets Theory ", International Journal of Rough Sets and Data Analysis, vol. 1, issue 2, pp. , 1(2), 1-13, 2014. Abstract

Major complication of heart valve diseases is congestive heart valve failure. The heart is of essential significance to human beings. Auscultation with a stethoscope is considered as one of the techniques used in the analysis of heart diseases. Heart auscultation is a difficult task to determine the heart condition and requires some superior training of medical doctors. Therefore, the use of computerized techniques in the diagnosis of heart sounds may help the doctors in a clinical environment. Hence, in this study computer-aided heart sound diagnosis is performed to give support to doctors in decision making. In this study, a novel hybrid Rough-Bijective soft set is developed for the classification of heart valve diseases. A rough set (Quick Reduct) based feature selection technique is applied before classification for increasing the classification accuracy. The experimental results demonstrate that the overall classification accuracy offered by the employed Improved Bijective soft set approach (IBISOCLASS) provides higher accuracy compared with other classification techniques including hybrid Rough-Bijective soft set (RBISOCLASS), Bijective soft set (BISOCLASS), Decision table (DT), Naïve Bayes (NB) and J48.

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Rouibah, K., "Mobile-commerce intention to use via SMS: The case of Kuwait", Emerging markets and e-commerce in developing economies: IGI Global, pp. 230–253, 2009. Abstract
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Rizk-Allah, R. M., and A. E. Hassanien, "New binary bat algorithm for solving 0–1 knapsack problem", Complex & Intelligent Systems, 2017. Website
Rizk-Allah, R. M., and A. E. Hassanien, " A Hybrid Optimization Algorithm for Single and Multi-Objective Optimization Problems", Handbook of Research on Machine Learning Innovations and Trends, USA, IGI, 2017. Abstract

This chapter presents a hybrid optimization algorithm namely FOA-FA for solving single and multi-objective optimization problems. The proposed algorithm integrates the benefits of the fruit fly optimization algorithm (FOA) and the firefly algorithm (FA) to avoid the entrapment in the local optima and the premature convergence of the population. FOA operates in the direction of seeking the optimum solution while the firefly algorithm (FA) has been used to accelerate the optimum seeking process and speed up the convergence performance to the global solution. Further, the multi-objective optimization problem is scalarized to a single objective problem by weighting method, where the proposed algorithm is implemented to derive the non-inferior solutions that are in contrast to the optimal solution. Finally, the proposed FOA-FA algorithm is tested on different benchmark problems whether single or multi-objective aspects and two engineering applications. The numerical comparisons reveal the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

Rizk Masoud, A. E. Hassanien, and Siddhartha Bhattacharyya, "Chaotic Crow Search Algorithm for Fractional Optimization Problems", Applied soft computing , 2018. Abstract

This paper presents a chaotic crow search algorithm (CCSA) for solving fractional optimization problems (FOPs). To refine the global convergence speed and enhance the exploration/exploitation tendencies, the proposed CCSA integrates chaos theory (CT) into the CSA. CT is introduced to tune the parameters of the standard CSA, yielding four variants, with the best chaotic variant being investigated. The performance of the proposed CCSA is validated on twenty well-known fractional benchmark problems. Moreover, it is validated on a fractional economic environmental power dispatch problem by attempting to minimize the ratio of total emissions to total fuel cost. Finally, the proposed CCSA is compared with the standard CSA, particle swarm optimization (PSO), firefly algorithm (FFA), dragonfly algorithm (DA) and grey wolf algorithm (GWA). Additionally, the efficiency of the proposed CCSA is justified using the non parametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The experimental results prove that the proposed CCSA outperforms other algorithms in terms of quality and reliability.

Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, and A. E. Hassanien, "An adaptive image fusion rule for remote sensing images based on the particle swarm optimization", Computing, Communication and Automation (ICCCA), 2016 International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 1080–1085, 2016. Abstract
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Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, A. E. Hassanien, G. Schaefer, T. Nakashima, and A. T. Azar, "Fusion of multi-spectral and panchromatic satellite images using principal component analysis and fuzzy logic", Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE), 2014 IEEE International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 1118–1122, 2014. Abstract
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Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, A. E. Hassanien, and V. Snasel, "Region-based Image Fusion Approach of Panchromatic and Multi-spectral Images", Intelligent Data Analysis and Applications: Springer International Publishing, pp. 535–545, 2015. Abstract
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Reham Gharbia, Ali Hassan El Baz, A. E. H. V. S.:, "Region-based Image Fusion Approach of Panchromatic and Multi-spectral Images", , Proceedings of the Second Euro-China Conference on Intelligent Data Analysis and Applications, ECC 2015, pp. 535-545, , Ostrava, Czech Republic, June 29 - July 1, 2015. Abstract

In this paper, a region-based image fusion approach were proposed based on the stationary wavelet transform (SWT) in conjunction with marker-controlled watershed segmentation technique. The SWT is redundant, linear and shift invariant and these properties allow SWT to be realized exploiting a recursive algorithm and gives a better approximation than the DWT. The performance of the fusion approach is illustrated via experimental results obtained with a broad series of images and the experimental results used the MODIS multi-spectral bands and Spot panchromatic band to validate the proposed image fusion technique. Moreover, the visual presentation and different evaluation criteria including the standard deviation, the entropy information, the correlation coefficient, the root mean square error, the peak signal to noise ratio and the structural similarity index was used to evaluate the obtained results. The proposed approach achieves superior results compared with the existing work.