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Zeini, N. T., A Toponomical Geographic Information System for Sinai Peninsula, , Giza, Egypt, Cairo University, 2015. Abstract

The Sinai Peninsula is a vital and important part of the Arab Republic of Egypt, geographically and historically, and it has a central and strategic position in Egypt and in the world as a whole. The uniqueness and diversity of nature of the Sinai region and its historical, geographical, cultural and religious importance are reflected in its toponyms (place-names).
The first objective of this study is to construct a GIS database (geodatabase) of toponyms in the Sinai region and then classify them into categories based on their meanings. That in turn, helps us to understand the motive behind naming Sinai places and other geographical features. The second objective in this study is to use GIS-based spatial analysis techniques and clustering methods to visualize the spatial distribution of each category of Sinai toponyms. These techniques help to enhance the mapping of Sinai toponyms spatial patterns and detect possible clusters of Sinai toponyms.
The results of this study show how the spatial distribution of specific types of toponyms is associated with human, physical and other environmental factors. This study also demonstrates the impact and potential of employing GIS-based spatial analysis techniques in toponomic studies.

Tawfik, N. M., N. T. Zeini, N. M. Kadry, and N. M. Hatem, Measuring Achievement Towards MDGs: A Multidimensional Perspective, , Giza, Egypt, Statistics Department, Faculty of Economics and Political Sciece, Cairo Univerity, 2011. Abstract

When the phenomenon under study has many dimensions, one approach in studying such phenomenon is the construction of a composite index.
In this study, a Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) overall Progress Index is constructed to assess the progress of Egyptian governorates towards achieving the first five MDGs. The status of MDGs is captured from the global perspective and the national perspective. Using SPSS and STATA software, secondary analysis of the existing 2000, 2005 and 2008 HIECS data is conducted.
Upon calculating specific MDG indicators, evidence of dramatic achievements by many governorates is found, such as Port Said, Suez, and Damietta. Such performance suggests that the governorates may achieve most of the highly ambitious MDGs. Moreover, Lower Egypt accounts for many of the star MDG performers. Not surprisingly, the list of laggards largely consists of governorates devastated by poverty, such as Assiut. Most governorates fall somewhere in between, demonstrating solid progress on some indicators and little on others.