Publications

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2017
Nabil, G., N. I. M. Khafaga, M. El-Hariri, and M. K. and Refai, "Detection of fungi and total aflatoxins in food additives and some meat products by serological and molecular biological methods.", J Egypt Vet. Med. Ass., vol. 177, issue 2, pp. 153-173, 2017. bhth_jhd_nbyl.pdf
2016
Elhariri, M., D. Hamza, R. Elhelw, and M. Refai, "Eucalyptus Tree: A Potential Source of Cryptococcus neoformans in Egyptian Environment", International Journal of Microbiology, vol. 2016, issue 1, pp. 1-5, 2016. cryptococcus_paper_eucalyptus.pdf
Elhariri, M., D. Hamza, R. Elhelw, and M. Refai, "Eucalyptus Tree: A Potential Source of Cryptococcus neoformans in Egyptian Environment", International Journal of Microbiology, vol. 2016, issue 1, pp. 1-5, 2016. cryptococcus_paper_eucalyptus.pdf
Orban, N., H. Sultan, M. Elhariri, A. E. Gohary, R. Elhelw, and M. K. Refai, "PCR assay for the detection of plasmid and chromosome borne virulence genes of Yersinia enterocolitica in meat and meat products", J Egypt Vet Med Ass, vol. 75, issue 4, pp. 663-680, 2016. nahla_paper.pdf
El-Hamaky, A. M., Atef A. Hassan2, H. A. E. Yazeed, and M. K. Refai, "Prevalence and Detection of Toxigenic A. flavus , A. niger and A. ochraceus by traditional and molecular biology methods in feeds", International Journal of Current Research, vol. 8, issue 1, pp. 25621, 2016. elhamaky_paper_2016.pdf
El-Hamaky, A. M., A. A. Hassan, H. A. E. Yazeed, and M. K. Refai, "Prevalence and Detection of Toxigenic A. flavus , A. niger and A. ochraceus by traditional and molecular biology methods in feeds", International Journal of Current Research, vol. 8, issue 1, pp. 25621-33, 2016. elhamaky_paper_2016.pdf
2015
H Abo El-Yazeed, Mai H, Hanafy, R. Soliman, and M. Refai., " Trials for reducing aflatoxin B1 residues in chicken meat and eggs using a newly developed aflatoxin B1 vaccine .", . IJRSB , vol. 3, issue 11, pp. 6-14, 2015. mai_published_paper.pdf
Yazeed, H. A. E., M. Elhariri, E. Saleh, M. A. Afifi, A. Samir, and M. Refai, "Bacterial Causes of Embryonic Death in Ostrich Egg", International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences (IJRSB) , vol. 3, issue 8, pp. 46-52, 2015. engi_published_paper.pdf
Aliaa E. Mouhamed*, A. A. Hassanb, Manal, A. Hassanb, M. E. Hariria, and M. Refai, "Effect of Metal Nanoparticles on the Growth of Ochratoxigenic Moulds and Ochratoxin A Production Isolated From Food and Feed", International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences (IJRSB) , vol. 3, issue 9, pp. 1-14, 2015. 03v3i904-6.pdf
Abdalla, E. F., S. Nasef, E. M. Hariri, and M. Refai, "Genotypic characterization of antibiotic resistant Salmonella isolates recovered from local and imported poultry", Journal Global Biosciences, vol. 4, issue 6, pp. 2611-2622, 2015. enas_published_paper.pdf
Maha M. El-kest1, Mahmoud El- Hariri2, N. I. M. Khafaga, and M. K. Refai, "Studies on contamination of dairy products by aflatoxin M1 and its control by probiotics", . Journal of Global Biosciences , vol. 4, issue 1, pp. . 1294-1312, 2015. maha_finally_the_published_paper.pdf
Heidy Abo Elyazeed*, Amany Elsayed, S. Marouf, and M. Refai, "TYPING OF CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS ISOLATES RECOVERED FROM NECROTIC ENTERITIS IN TURKEYS IN EGYPT BY MULTIPLEX PCR", International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences (IJRSB) , vol. 3, issue 8,, pp. PP 1-6, 2015. typing_of_clostridium_perfringens_isolates_recovered_from_turkeys_published.pdf
2014
Wareth G1, Hikal A, R. M, Melzer F, Roesler U, and N. H., "Animal brucellosis in Egypt.", J Infect Dev Ctries. , vol. 13;, issue 8(11):, pp. 1365-73. ., 2014.
Gehan A. Nabawy1, Atef A. Hassan2, R. S. H. El-Ahl2, and M. K. Refai3, "EFFECT OF METAL NANOPARTICLES IN COMPARISON WITH COMMERCIAL ANTIFUNGAL FEED ADDITIVES ON THE GROWTH OF ASPERGILLUS FLAVUS AND AFLATOXIN B1 PRODUCTION", Journal of Global Biosciences, vol. 3, ,, issue 6, pp. 954-971, 2014. gehan_published_paper_2.12.2014.pdf
Tammam, O. A. S., and M. Refai, "A retrospective analysis of mortalities in Greater Red Musk Shrews (Crocidura flavescens)", Egypt. J. Comp. Path &Clinic Path. , vol. 27, issue 1, pp. 73-87, 2014. no._6_in_2014__-_.pdf
Wareth, G., A. Hikal, M. Refai, F. Melzer, U. Roesler, and H. Neubauer, "Review Animal brucellosis in Egypt", J Infect Dev Ctries , vol. 8, issue 11, pp. 1365-1373, 2014. animal_brucellosis_in_egypt__review.pdf
2013
TAMAM, O. M. A. R. A. S., and M. Refai, "DUAL MYCOTIC PULMONARY GRANULOMAS CAUSED BY ALTERNARIA ALTERNATA AND ASPERGILLUS CANDI", Assiut Vet. Med. J. , vol. 59, issue 139, pp. 9-13, 2013. bhth_rqm_4427_dd_ktwbr_2013_1.pdf
Moussa, I. M., Y. S. Aleslamboly, A. A. Al-Arfaj, A. M. Hessain, A. Gouda, and M. K. Refai, "Molecular characterization of Salmonella virulence genes isolated from different sources relevant to human health", Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment , vol. Vol.11, issue (2):, pp. 197-201. , 2013. yosrsa_1.pdf
Refai, M., H. Shawki, and M. El-Hariri, "Monograph on dermatophytes", Academia.edu.share research, Mohamed Refai Cairo University, 2013. monograph_on_dermatophytes.pdf
Refai, M., H. Shawki, and M. El-Hariri, "Monograph on yeasts", academia.edu.share research Mohamed Refai Cairo University, 2013. monograph_on_yeasts.pdf
Amira El-Sayed Lamey, Norhan Khairy, Ahmed Mohamed Ammar, Emad Rezk allah Zaki, B. S. Moshref, and M. K. Refai, "Virulence Factors of Escherichia coli Isolated from Recurrent Cases of Clinical and Subclinical Mastitis in Buffaloes", International Journal of Microbiological Research , vol. 4, issue 1, pp. 86-94,, 2013. amera_publ._paper.pdf
2012
Ahmed, K. A., H. A. E. Yazeed, H. Kotb, M. Elshabrawy, R. Alarousy, and M. Refai, "The effect of capsular size of C. neooformans on pathogenicity and pathological changes in experimentally infected mice.", J. American Sci., vol. 7, pp. 33-39, 2012.
Heba Roshdy*, S. A. E. - A. * and, and M. Refai, "Incidence of E. coli in chickens and ducks in different governorates in Egypt ", 1st Conf. of An. Health Res. Inst. Assoc., , vol. December, issue 1, pp. 420-426, 2012. incidence_of_e_coli_in_poultry.pdf
El-Aziz, S. A., H. Roshdy, and M. Refai, "A study of phenotypic and genotypic virulence markers of Escherichia coli isolat-ed from poultry", 1st Conf. of An. Health Res. Inst. Assoc., ., vol. 1, issue December , pp. 514 - 530, 2012. publication49_1_9.pdf
2011
Alarousy, R., H. A. E. Yazeed, H. Kotb, K. Abdalla, and M. Refai, "Amplification of Capsule-associated Genes from Cryptococcus neoformans", New York Science Journal, 2011;4(11), vol. 4, issue 11, pp. 38-42, 2011. amplification_of_capsule-associated_genes_from_cryptococcus_neoformans.pdf
Saleh, H. A., M. El-Hariri, A. A. Moawad, and M. K. Refai, "Genotyping of Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans Isolates", International Journal of Genetics , vol. 1, issue 2, pp. 27-35, 2011. genotyping_of_candida_albicans_and_cryptococcus_neoformans_isolates_recovered.pdf
Yazeed, H. A. E., A. Hassan, R. E. A. Moghaieb, M. Hamed, and M. Refai, "Molecular Detection of Fumonisin-producing Fusarium Species in Animal Feeds Using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)", Journal of Applied Sciences Research, , vol. 7, issue 4, pp. 420-427, 2011. molecular_detection_of_fumonisin.pdf
Saleh, H. A., A. A. Moawad, M. El-Hariri, and M. K. Refai, "Prevalence of Yeasts in Human, Animals and soil sample in El-Fayoum Governorate in Egypt. ", International Journal of Microbiological Research , vol. 2, issue 3, pp. 233-239, 2011. prevalence_of_yeasts_in_human_animals_and.pdf
2010
M. El-Hariri, W. Tawakkol, H. A. El-Yazid, and M. Refai, "Molecular studies on the rDNA ITS and ISSR regions for identification of Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans and Microsporum canis using universal primers", 44. Scientific meeting of the German Mycological Society and Austrian Society for Medical Mycology, Vienna, Austria, 9-11 September, 2010, 2010. molecular_studies_on_rdna_of_cr.n_c.a_and_m.pdf
2008
Refai, M., Laila Mohamed, A. Kenawy, and S. Ali, "The assessment of mycotic settlement of freshwater fishes in Egypt.", 7. International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture, July 25-27,. Blacksburg, V A 24051, USA., vol. 1, pp. 499-507, , 2008. the_assessment.pdf
Heidy Abo El-Yazeed, A. Hassan, W. Tawakkol, E. Radwan, and " M. Refai:, "Characterization of Candida albicans strains by molecular biology techniques",", Bull. Fac. Pharm. Cairo Univ. , , vol. 40, pp. . 121-135, 2008. characterization_of_candida_albicans_strains_by_molecular_______biology_techniques.doc.pdf
2007
M. El-Hariri, H. Shawky, N. Ezz-Eldin, W. Tawakkol, M. Kotb, and M. Refai, "Typing of Cryptococcus neoformans isolates recovered from droppings of pigeons, parrots and canaries.", Vet.Med.J.Giza. , vol. 55 , pp. 411-423., 2007. typing_of_c.n..pdf
2006
2005
Khedr, A., Omar, H., Soliman, Metwalli, M., Ebiary, E., J. El-Jakkee, and M. Refai, " Protective efficacy of plasmid DNA vaccine coding omph gene of Pasteurella multocida. ", Proc. 2d Intern. Conf. Vet. Res. Div. NRC, Cairo, Egypt , vol. 1, pp. 97-118., 2005. protective_efficiency_of_plasmid_DNA_vacc.pdf
Refai, M., A. El-Gohary, S. A. Attia, and R. A. Khalifa, ": Diagnosis of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infection in chickens by ELISA.", Egypt. J. Immunol. , vol. 12, , pp. 87-93, 2005. diagnosis_of_ort.pdf
Rania M. Azab, W.M. Tawakkol, A. M. Hamad, M.K. Abou-Elmagd, H. M. El-Agrab, and M. K. Refai, "Detection and estimation of aflatoxin B1 in feeds and its biodegradation by bacteria and fungi.", Egypt. J. Natural Toxins, vol. 2,, pp. 39-56., 2005. detec_and_est_of_afl_b1_in_feeds_and_its_biodegr.pdf