Retinal Blood Vessels Segmentation

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Ahmed H. Asad, A. T. Azar, and A. E. Hassanien, "Integrated Features Based on Gray-Level and Hu Moment Invariants with Ant Colony System for Retinal Blood Vessels Segmentation", International Journal of Systems Biology and Biomedical Technologies, , vol. 1, issue 4, pp. 61-74, 2012. AbstractWebsite

Abnormality detection plays an important role in many real-life applications. Retinal vessel segmentation
algorithms are the critical components of circulatory blood vessel Analysis systems for detecting the various
abnormalities in retinal images. Traditionally, the vascular network is mapped by hand in a time-consuming
process that requires both training and skill. Automating the process allows consistency, and most importantly, frees up the time that a skilled technician or doctor would normally use for manual screening. Several studies were carried out on the segmentation of blood vessels in general; however, only a small number of them were associated to retinal blood vessels. In this paper, an approach for segmenting retinal blood vessels is
proposed using only ant colony system. Eight features are selected for the developed system; four are based on gray-level and the other features on Hu moment-invariants. The features are directly computed from values of image pixels, so they take about 90 seconds in computation. The performance of the proposed structure is evaluated in terms of accuracy, sensitivity and specificity. The results showed that the overall accuracy and sensitivity of the presented approach achieved 90.28% and 74%, respectively

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