Formal concept analysis

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I.Ghali, N., R. Wahid, and A. E. Hassanien, "Heart Sounds Human Identification and Verification Approaches using Vector Quantization and Gaussian Mixture Models", International Journal of Systems Biology and Biomedical Technologies, , vol. 1, issue 4, pp. 75-88, 2012. Abstract

In this paper the possibility of using the human heart sounds as a human print is investigated. To evaluate the performance and the uniqueness of the proposed approach, tests using a high resolution auscultation digital stethoscope are done for nearly 80 heart sound samples. The verification approach consists of a robust feature extraction with a specified configuration in conjunction with Gaussian mixture modeling. The similarity of two samples is estimated by measuring the difference between their log-likelihood similarities of the features. The experimental results obtained show that the overall accuracy offered by the employed Gaussian mixture modeling reach up to 85%. The identification approach consists of a robust feature extraction with a specified configuration in conjunction with LBG-VQ. The experimental results obtained show that the overall accuracy offered by the employed LBG-VQ reach up to 88.7%